|Article Index Volume 13 - 15|
Year: 2010 (Vol: 13 No: 1 Page: 3)
Title: Social Work at the Beginning of the Great Recession
Author(s): Lauderdale, Kelly, and Landuyt
Article PDF: 131003.pdf
Year: 2010 (Vol: 13 No: 1 Page: 6)
Title: Rural Social Workers’ Priorities for Professional Development: Using an Exploratory Survey as Assessment
Author(s): Conley, Murphy, Ewan and Stoeckel
Abstract: A survey of social workers in a rural, western state was conducted to assess their priorities for professional development. Research questions were conceptualized to determine which issues are most important to members of the state’s chapter of the National Association of Social Workers (NASW), including overall perceptions of NASW and suggestions for additional professional development opportunities. The response rate of 1,001 current, past, and potential NASW members surveyed was 49.2 percent, though 62 percent of the current NASW membership responded. All respondents identified advocacy and education as the priorities for professional development opportunities through the state chapter.
Article PDF: 131006.pdf
Year: 2010 (Vol: 13 No: 1 Page: 16)
Title: Retention of Title IV-E and Non-Title IV-E Child Protective Service Practitioners
Author(s): Leung, Brown, Chavkin, Fong and Urwin
Abstract: This study conducted in a southwestern state with BSW and MSW Title IV-E (n=350) and non-Title IV-E (n=350) public child welfare practitioners affirms and expands the literature about why practitioners choose to stay and why they choose to leave the public child welfare system. The findings add new knowledge about retention of public child welfare practitioners who have received professional development by participating in Title IV-E professional education. Specific research questions of this study are related to (1) primary reasons for staying at Child Protective Services (CPS) after initial employment; (2) potential reasons for leaving CPS; and (3) motivating factors for continuously working at CPS. The article presents similarities and differences between Title IV-E and non-Title IV-E practitioners and discusses implications for retention strategies and future research.
Article PDF: 131016.pdf
Year: 2010 (Vol: 13 No: 1 Page: 27)
Title: Social Policy Advocacy Evaluation: A More Complete Model for Social Work
Abstract: As a master’s level social worker, my research training focused on evaluation methods for professional practice. However, when I began working as a children’s public health policy analyst and advocate, I was surprised when I attended a national training on evaluating policy advocacy in which the presenters discussed the professional community’s struggle to measure policy advocacy interventions. It was then I decided to synthesize a model which could be easily applied by policy advocates—in particular those within the social work profession—to evaluate their professional practice of policy advocacy intervention.
Article PDF: 131027.pdf
Year: 2010 (Vol: 13 No: 1 Page: 40)
Title: Educating Social Workers on Child Neglect: A Multi-Dimensional Framework for Assessment
Author(s): Bundy-Fazioli and Hamilton
Abstract: Generalist social work educators have the task of ensuring that social work students are adequately prepared for the workforce. In 2006, the Bureau of Labor Statistics indicated 282,000 social workers were employed as child, family, and school social workers. The Bureau of Labor Statistics also estimates that the number of child, family, and school social workers will grow faster than the average (19%) of all other occupations. Given the fact that a large percentage of graduating social workers nationwide will enter into the child welfare workforce, we advocate that curriculum time and attention be given to educating students about child neglect. Also we argue that child welfare workers are not the only ones who should be familiar with assessing for child neglect. The purpose of this article is to provide the reader with a rationale for educating social workers in the area of child neglect and to propose a multidimensional framework for assessment within the social work curriculum.
Article PDF: 131040.pdf
Year: 2010 (Vol: 13 No: 1 Page: 47)
Title: Book Review: Out of Reach: Place, Poverty, and the New American Welfare State
Abstract: As more and more families are turning to safety net services because of the economic downturn, it is at exactly this moment that the safety net itself is facing so many hardships because of decreased availability of government funding and private giving. In the current economic crisis, Scott W. Allard’s book, Out of Reach: Place, Poverty, and the New American Welfare State, becomes even more relevant as it attempts to show how environmental factors --such as geographic location, types of services offered, and types of clients served -- influence the institutional decisions of safety net organizations.
Article PDF: 131047.pdf
Year: 2010 (Vol: 13 No: 1 Page: 49)
Title: Book Review: Beyond Humanitarianism: What You Need to Know about Africa and Why It Matters
Abstract: The book, Beyond Humanitarianism: What You Need to Know about Africa and Why It Matters, was compiled by Council senior fellows from many different sources, principally but not entirely from articles in Foreign Affairs, Independent Task Force reports, Council Special reports, and the Council’s website—http://www.CFR.org. From a U.S. policy perspective, the book is based on current events on the African continent that are of concern to the U.S.
Article PDF: 131049.pdf
Year: 2010 (Vol: 13 No: 1 Page: 52)
Title: Book Review: Hot, Flat, and Crowded: How We Need a Green Revolution – and How It Can Renew America
Abstract: Hot, Flat, and Crowded: How We Need a Green Revolution – and How It Can Renew America by Thomas L. Friedman is a book about America. It is a wake-up call, explaining where we are, how we got here, and how we can move forward. It is a book about the impact of America on the rest of the world. It is a call for immediate action that is intended to both awaken and to inspire.
Article PDF: 131052.pdf
Year: 2010 (Vol: 13 No: 2 Page: 3)
Title: From the Editors
Author(s): Lauderdale, Kelly, and Landuyt
Article PDF: 132003.pdf
Year: 2010 (Vol: 13 No: 2 Page: 5)
Title: Quality of Service Perceptions Among Service Providers in Texas
Author(s): Held, Alawiyah, and Streeter
Abstract: Human service organizations face increasing expectations for providing high quality services. While numerous barriers pose challenges to meeting this expectation, many factors within an organization’s control affect employee and consumer perceptions of the quality of services being provided. This paper aims to fill this gap by assessing the relationship between worker accommodations, employment development, team effectiveness, and employee satisfaction and perceptions of service quality among providers in public human service agencies in Texas. The results indicated that team effectiveness and employee satisfaction made the largest unique contributions. In addition, age became a significant predictor in the second step when the independent variables were added to the model. Worker accommodations and employment development were not significant predictors in the regression model.
Article PDF: 132005.pdf
Year: 2010 (Vol: 13 No: 2 Page: 15)
Title: Promoting Supervisory Development in Child Welfare: Utilization of 360-Degree Evaluation
Author(s): Collins-Camargo, Sullivan and Murphy
Abstract: The purpose of this study was to evaluate the impact of a professional development initiative designed to improve casework supervision in one state’s child welfare agency. The 360-degree evaluation process was implemented by having supervisors and managers evaluated by direct reports, peers, managers, and themselves. A mixed-methods design was selected that incorporated both an electronic survey and focus groups. The findings suggest a wide variety of experiences with and perceptions of the process, as well as behavior change in supervisory practices. This project represents a first step in documenting the potential use of processes such as the 360-degree evaluation to promote practice change and systematic improvement as part of the development of a learning organization in human services.
Article PDF: 132015.pdf
Year: 2010 (Vol: 13 No: 2 Page: 33)
Title: Efficacy of One-day Trainings as They Relate to Mental Health Clinicians
Author(s): Dlugosz and Koons
Abstract: This review critically analyzes selected published works on the topic of one-day trainings as they concern training clinicians who work in the human service sector. The focus of this review is to provide a foundation to further legitimize one-day trainings specifically for human services providers, and to provide a general overview of the success of this type of training approach. Additionally, this review will examine the underpinnings of the one-day training structure and present some of the reasoning behind the push for one-day trainings.
Article PDF: 132033.pdf
Year: 2010 (Vol: 13 No: 2 Page: 42)
Title: Caregiving Roles of Co-Resident Grandmothers in Three Generational Households
Abstract: This article considers the phenomenon of grandparent caregiving within three generational households through a theoretical lens of role theory, and from the perspectives of co-resident adolescent mothers and their mothers. Twenty-six pairs of household members described grandmother caregiving experiences during in-depth qualitative interviews. Grandmother caregiving roles varied from nearly co-parent status to relationships with clear boundaries. In addition, grandmothers were frequently identified as family matriarchs, teachers, and role models. Role strains resulted from emotional, physical, and financial caregiving for co-resident grandchildren. Close relationships and good health facilitated role enhancement among grandmother caregivers.
Article PDF: 132042.pdf
Year: 2010 (Vol: 13 No: 2 Page: 55)
Title: A Survey of Continuing Education Programs Conducted by Professional Development:The International Journal of Continuing Social Work Education
Author(s): Cochran and Landuyt
Abstract: The needs of individuals and the most effective ways that can be used to help them are constantly evolving. Therefore, social workers involved in helping efforts must continually be engaged in learning and education to stay informed. In order to accomplish this, continuing education (CE) is an integral part of the social work profession. As a result of the importance of continuing social work education for professional practice, states and provinces, through governmental authority, have made obtaining CE hours a requirement for maintaining professional competency and skills. However, CE requirements and administration are operated on a location-by-location basis. As a result of this reality, there are different jurisdictions and little connection or coordination in CE program information. A first step in increasing this coordination and communication is to gather information from the various CE programs. The collection and dissemination of programmatic information would act as a benchmark and a resource for CE program directors, program administrators, and the broader social services community. Also such data would operate as an impetus in shaping future collaboration between programs, which has the potential to improve the overall quality and effectiveness of CE programs.
Article PDF: 132055.pdf
Year: 2010 (Vol: 13 No: 2 Page: 73)
Title: Book Review: Sustainable Agriculture and Food Security in an Era of Oil Scarcity: Lessons from Cuba
Abstract: How does a nation whose food production is dependent upon imported supplies change to a locally sustainable system to achieve food security? Julia Wright provides enlightening, well-researched documentation of Cuba’s rapid shift from an industrialized food system dependent upon energy inputs in the form of petrol, oil, and fertilizers, back to a traditional agrarian system, a change brought about by the end of the USSR. Wright provides relevant and timely lessons in terms of peak oil usage and climate change.
Article PDF: 132073.pdf
Year: 2010 (Vol: 13 No: 3 Page: 3)
Title: From the Editors
Author(s): Lauderdale, Kelly, and Landuyt
Article PDF: 133003.pdf
Year: 2010 (Vol: 13 No: 3 Page: 4)
Title: Perceptions of Professional Intervention by Parental Advocates for Autistic Children: A Need to Improve Practice with Self-help Groups and Those with Developmental Disabilities
Abstract: Recent budget constraints on government social welfare spending have resulted in increases in the activity levels of self-help groups for those suffering from autism. Currently, some self-help groups for children with developmental disabilities propose social policy initiatives that would increase the ability of social welfare programs to meet their needs, which would benefit society as a whole. Historically, support groups, assisted by a larger organization, involved social workers while self-help groups, independent of professionals, promoted change. However, self-help groups and support groups have common characteristics. The author’s study of 22 parental advocates of children with autism in the Greater Toronto Area has revealed several unmet needs and sources of frustration with regard to governmental support for developmental disabilities, self-help group dynamics, and parental experiences with professionals. Referring to key findings in this study, the author will survey the literature in order to examine relevant issues more deeply and to come up with suggestions for possible solutions. An outline of suggestions will be made regarding ways in which professionals could more effectively support families touched by a member with a disability as well as support for the self-help groups in which they are involved.
Article PDF: 133004.pdf
Year: 2010 (Vol: 13 No: 3 Page: 16)
Title: Service Learning and Millennial Students: Benefits and Challenges to a Team-Based Approach
Author(s): Williams and Falk
Abstract: The current study examines millennial students’ perceptions of the benefits and challenges of a team-based service learning course. The study was conducted in a Family Studies department within a comprehensive, metropolitan university in the U.S. Open-ended responses to exit interviews with graduating seniors were analyzed. Results indicated that students appreciated the opportunity to engage in hands-on, real-world experience. They both liked and were challenged by the team aspect of their service learning projects. The authors suggest that consideration of student and site characteristics can optimize benefits of service learning for both parties.
Article PDF: 133016.pdf
Year: 2010 (Vol: 13 No: 3 Page: 25)
Title: Building Trust and Solidarity with Campus Policing: Interventions for Social Capital
Author(s): Landuyt, Lauderdale, Montgomery, Dahlstrom, Lein, Springer, Bell and Chang
Abstract: The appropriate role of the police officer and his or her relations with citizens has changed over several decades. Those roles and relations are especially critical in college situations; the University of Texas at Austin has had concerns for many years going back at least to the Whitman shooting in 1967 on the need for uniformed officers. In more recent years, there have been concerns regarding officer conduct and questioning if instances of racial profiling existed. To secure empirical information about contacts and relations with University of Texas at Austin Police Department (UTPD) and the citizens on the University campus, the UTPD Oversight Committee arranged to have University researchers with experience in these areas conduct a study of the University’s officers and their contacts. The study consists of three parts. The first two parts are 1) field observational studies that report information on how officers go about their assigned duties and 2) interviews of persons that have been stopped by officers. The third part is an internet-based assessment of the experiences citizens have had after an encounter with an officer. The study began in November of 2008 and is ongoing (as of publication date). The findings are that of a broad and diverse group of citizens on campus including students, faculty, staff and visitors. Findings show that night experiences are very different from day experiences and strong seasonal patterns appear as well. There was no finding of a systematic bias of officers toward any particular group and one overall conclusion is that citizens view UTPD officers as well-trained, responsive and courteous.
Article PDF: 133025.pdf
Year: 2010 (Vol: 13 No: 3 Page: 48)
Title: Child Welfare Supervisors – “Stuck in the Middle”: The Impact of Middle Management Status
Abstract: Staff turnover rates in child welfare have been the focus of research for several decades (Arches, 1991; Baumann, Kern, McFadden, & Law, 1997; Ellett, Ellett, & Rugutt, 2003; Fox, Miller, & Barbee, 2003; Maceachron, Gustavsson, Lavitt, & Bartle, 2009; Morris, 2005). However, the impact of organizational climate on the crucial role of child welfare supervisors has scarcely been explored. A qualitative study was conducted with 50 child welfare supervisors to determine aspects of the organizational climate that contributed to employment longevity. Results of the study indicate that supervisors experience high levels of dissatisfaction with the agency related to their middle-management status and perceived lack of power. In addition, supervisors whose personal mission was synonymous with the agency mission were more likely to remain employed. These findings are discussed as well as implications for child welfare and social work education.
Article PDF: 133048.pdf
Year: 2010 (Vol: 13 No: 3 Page: 61)
Title: Book Review: Mental Health and Social Policy: Beyond Managed Care, 5th ed.
Article PDF: 133061.pdf
Year: 2011 (Vol: 14 No: 1 Page: 3)
Title: From the Editors
Author(s): Lauderdale, Kelly, and Landuyt
Article PDF: 141003.pdf
Year: 2011 (Vol: 14 No: 1 Page: 7)
Title: Integrating Research Activities and Field Experiences in Graduate Social Work Education
Author(s): Carter, Yun, Kvarfordt and Park
Abstract: This paper explores the variety of ways Masters’ of Social Work (MSW) programs across Canada integrate classroom research activities with field experiences. By conducting a review of the websites of Canadian schools of social work, the authors note the ways in which Canadian schools of social work require students to meet the accreditation standards for the Canadian Association of Social Work Education (CASWE). Using a case example, they discuss the methods and benefits of integrating classroom research activities with field experiences. The authors reaffirm the value of integrating the two experiences in ensuring the professional development of excellent research and practical skills in MSW students.
Article PDF: 141007.pdf
Year: 2011 (Vol: 14 No: 1 Page: 15)
Title: Can Continuing Education Curricula Effectively Teach Professionals? A Case for Using a Curriculum Assessment Tool for Initial and Ongoing Evaluation
Author(s): James and Carter
Abstract: Continuing professional education (CPE) is expected and required in most human services professions. Increased use of CPE requires methods for evaluating and credentialing training workshops or courses. This paper describes the development of a tool for assessing important aspects of CPE training: curriculum content and instructional methods. The tool identifies standards based on social worker learning needs, theories of adult learning, and continuing education assessment. This tool is flexible as to content and learning needs and it is easy to use. It can help continuing education coordinators, human relations departments, training consultants and developers, and credentialing organizations improve training quality and monitor training effectiveness.
Article PDF: 141015.pdf
Year: 2011 (Vol: 14 No: 1 Page: 23)
Title:The Second Annual Survey of Continuing Education Programs Conducted by Professional Development: The International Journal of Continuing Social Work Education
Author(s): Cochran and Landuyt
Abstract: In 2009, Professional Development: The International Journal of Continuing Social Work Education conducted a survey of continuing education (CE) programs in North America. Results of this survey were published in the Journal in the summer 2010. The purpose of this survey was to establish a foundation of information to act as a benchmark and a resource for CE program directors, program administrators, and the broader social services community. Also, the collection of this information was intended to operate as an impetus in shaping future collaboration between programs, which has the potential to improve the overall quality and effectiveness of CE programs. Investigators from Professional Development: The International Journal of Continuing Social Work Education re-administered the survey in 2010 and this report updates the responses from the 2009 survey of CE programs as well as reports responses from the 2010 survey.
Article PDF: 141023.pdf
Year: 2011 (Vol: 14 No: 1 Page: 35)
Title: Promoting Accessibility and Adding Value to Social Work Education
Author(s): Carter, Leslie and Angell
Abstract: This paper highlights the development of an interdisciplinary Honours Disability Studies Program, at the University of Windsor, stressing that the collaborative support of dedicated faculty, activists, and community organizations made it possible. The program was based on the social model of disability that is compatible with the social work values of social justice and accessibility and social work’s commitment to diversity and the elimination of oppression. The field of disability studies is presented as a venue for broadening the value of social work education by adding perspectives from interdisciplinary fields that transcend single disciplines. The authors conclude that social work and disability studies, in combination, result in interdisciplinary courses and programs about disability, policy advocacy about disability, and actions that promote accessibility.
Article PDF: 141035.pdf
Year: 2011 (Vol: 14 No: 1 Page: 45)
Title: Book Review: Planet Water: Investing in the World’s Most Valuable Resource by Steve J. Hoffman
Article PDF: 141045.pdf
Year: 2011 (Vol: 14 No: 1 Page: 48)
Title: Book Review: Valuing Children: Rethinking the Economics of the Family by Nancy Folbre
Article PDF: 141048.pdf
Year: 2011 (Vol: 14 No: 2 Page: 9)
Title: From the Editors’ Desk: Proceedings of the Global Security Summit with Admiral Bob Inman
Author(s): Lauderdale, Kelly, and Landuyt
Article PDF: 142009.pdf
Year: 2011 (Vol: 14 No: 2 Page: 10)
Title:Commentary: Get Ready Now
Abstract: Adapted from closing remarks at the Global Security Summit, March 23, 2011, co-sponsored by the Greater Austin Crime Commission and Robert S. Strauss Center for International Security and Law at The University of Texas at Austin and the Lyndon Baines Johnson Library. The summit panel discussions and presentations are available online at http://www.strausscenter.org/events/156.
Article PDF: 142010.pdf
Year: 2011 (Vol: 14 No: 2 Page: 13)
Title: The Need for All-Hazard Awareness and Risk Assessment in a Devolving Border Environment
Author(s): Hamilton and Furley
Abstract: The risks associated with an increasingly unstable United States/Mexico border are growing national concerns in both countries. Headlines often include quotes from leaders of both nations that express outrage over reports of human trafficking, drug cartel activity, and the murder of civilians and government officials. And while the threats resulting from lawless behaviors are real, any consideration of the dangers that both nations face along the border is incomplete without a recurring, informed deliberation on the risks associated with the aforementioned threats and other hazards. Security and risk management along the U.S./Mexico border is a pressing issue that will require well-informed decisions to make effective mitigation investments. Until both countries and the affected states join in collaborative efforts to periodically assess the full spectrum of threats and hazards to identify and prioritize the real risks, it will be increasingly difficult to distinguish perceived or sensationalized threats (often highlighted in the news media) from hazards that are potentially catastrophic to one or both nations and develop the best risk mitigation plans for residents on both sides of the border.
Article PDF: 142013.pdf
Year: 2011 (Vol: 14 No: 2 Page: 19)
Title:Mexico’s Law Enforcement Challenge: The Case Study of Ciudad Juarez
Abstract: With respect to Drug Trafficking Organizations (DTOs), there is a long-standing history of corruption and collusion within Mexican law enforcement that goes back to the 1970s when Rafael Aguilar, the head of the Federal Security Directorate (DFS by it’s Mexican acronym) in the state of Chihuahua, became one of the founders of the Juarez Cartel. Until his death in 1997, Amado Carrillo Fuentes, who rose to take over the Juarez Cartel, was known to have highly placed contacts within Mexican law enforcement, beginning with the Mexican Federal Judicial Police, which controlled the highways and the airports, to state and municipal police forces which he controlled outright in the states that were of importance to the Juarez Cartel’s operations. The same is true of the other powerful Mexican drug cartels – historically they have had a firm grip on the law enforcement agencies in the states where they operate and, at times, at the federal level as well. For this reason, there have been many efforts to clean up Mexico’s various police forces, and most have met with mixed results at best. Yet, effectively combating DTOs requires effective law enforcement.
Article PDF: 142019.pdf
Year: 2011 (Vol: 14 No: 2 Page: 27)
Title: Austin from a Different Perspective
Abstract: As with any large metropolitan area, especially one that has experienced the drastic growth that Austin has seen, the area has its share of crime including drug trafficking. What is unsettling, however, is the role Austin now plays in the globally scoped, highly compartmentalized, and unusually disciplined underworld of the Mexican drug cartels. Mexican drug cartel leaders operate from a shroud of secrecy - and to some degree security - in Mexico, while leveraging generational and familial ties in cities across the United States to carry out orders and conduct business on behalf of these Mexico-based bosses.
Article PDF: 142027.pdf
Year: 2011 (Vol: 14 No: 2 Page: 36)
Title:The Dying Elephant: Prelude to a Failed State
Abstract: Globalization in several forms has been a dominant theme at times in the world since Cyrus the Great of Persia, and later, the Romans, both empires which pushed far from home to distant lands. In more recent times -- since 1648-- globalization was driven by the colonial powers of Europe. Late in the 20th century globalization was generated by international capitalism as well as technological advances and the search for cheaper resources, including labor. This phase of globalization is likely ending as cheap oil and other resources critical for industrialized societies become dearer, and with the United States spread thin with foreign responsibilities and mounting debts. Yet the impact of globalization continues to play out with unforeseen events. Some of those that first affected the American Southwest and Mexican Border are examined. These events will force new directions upon the United States. The directions chosen are not clear but the direction that is chosen will have a substantial impact on the nation and its neighbors. We end with a consideration of strategic and tactical alternatives to deal with the Mexican collapse, and the resulting high levels of refugees, and the growing violence in Mexico and on the border that are being projected into the United States.
Article PDF: 142036.pdf
Year: 2011 (Vol: 14 No: 2 Page: 47)
Title:Contextualizing Mexico: Four Things
Abstract: The long and complex history of Mexico is the context for many of the issues in this special edition. This provides a brief but broad footnote on Mexico.
Article PDF: 142047.pdf
Year: 2012 (Vol: 15 No: 1 Page: 3)
Title: From the Editor
Article PDF: 151003.pdf
Year: 2012 (Vol: 15 No: 1 Page: 4)
Title:Basic Training for Building a Program in Military Social Work
Author(s): Sable and Osborne
Abstract: In response to the health and behavioral health of returning veterans, Schools of Social Work have added content to their curriculum, addressing the needs of veterans and military families. This manuscript examines existing health issues for military personnel and their families and how the University of Missouri has responded. Efforts include hosting an interdisciplinary summit for health and human services professionals, developing a graduate certificate, and holding a fund-raising event to establish a scholarship in military social work. We discuss how partnerships with the university, state and community agencies, and key individuals were essential to the success of these activities.
Article PDF: 151004.pdf
Year: 2012 (Vol: 15 No: 1 Page: 14)
Title: Military Social Work Curriculum Modules: Applications for Field Instruction, Coursework, and Graduate/Post-Graduate Certificate Programs
Abstract: In 2008, the Council on Social Work Education Joint Task Force on Veterans’ Affairs presented a preliminary report recommending that social work education introduce new content to provide students with an understanding of military culture and veterans’ services, and to enhance their practice preparedness to work with these populations. These recommendations were subsequently formulated into advanced social work competencies in military social work. This mixed methods pilot study investigates the development of social curriculum modules utilizing distance education technology, face to face, and hybrid instruction in support of a social work curriculum initiative to address these recommendations. Modules were developed on the basis of participatory action research, two cross-sectional studies, and a systematic review of the neuroscience literature. They were pilot-tested over a three year period with social work students and licensed community practitioners and were revised each semester to reflect rapidly growing knowledge in these areas, particularly pertaining to Iraq/Afghanistan (OIF/OEF) active duty and veteran populations, as well as in response to feedback from clients, students, field instructors, and course instructors. Findings suggested that practitioners improved knowledge and skills in best practices for diagnosis and treatment of stress disorders and brain injuries, neuroscience evidence on signature injuries of current conflicts, and theory application to military/veteran cases, while undergraduate and advanced graduate students in non-Veterans Administration (VA) field placements utilized the widest variety and quantity of online material.
Article PDF: 151014.pdf
Year: 2012 (Vol: 15 No: 1 Page: 27)
Title: Supporting The Next Surge: Helping Veterans Transition to Higher Education
Author(s): Gwin, Selber, Chavkin and Williams
Abstract: Veteran enrollment at institutions of higher education is rising as troops returning from Operation Enduring Freedom (OEF) and Operation Iraqi Freedom (OIF) take advantage of the new GI Bill. These non-traditional students face unique challenges as they transition from combat to the classroom. Higher education institutions can provide a better opportunity for their retention and academic success by creating veteran-friendly policies, programs, and services. This article examines the literature on student veterans’ educational challenges and veteran-friendly campuses, describes the efforts of one university to assess the needs of student veterans, and provides recommendations for program development.
Article PDF: 151027.pdf
Year: 2012 (Vol: 15 No: 1 Page: 39)
Title: The Impact of Military Cultural Awareness, Experience, Attitudes and Education on Clinician Self-Efficacy in the Treatment of Veterans
Author(s): Coll, Weiss, Draves and Dyer
Abstract: Military personnel form a fairly distinct subset of American society, governed by a distinct set of laws, norms, traditions, and values. They also face unique strains upon their mental health resultant from combat stress, the effects of multiple deployments, and the difficulties in transitioning back to civilian life (Exum & Coll, 2008; Exum, Coll & Weiss, in press). Mental health providers play an important role in facilitating the psychosocial adjustment and community reintegration of veterans, especially those with disabilities (wounded warriors). Thus the practitioners need to provide culturally sensitive services, as many previous research studies suggest that cultural competence may influence treatment outcomes (see, e.g., Sue & Sue, 2008). This study is based on a survey that was administered to mental health clinicians and master’s level social work, psychology, and counseling students. The study examined clinician and student perceptions of self-efficacy in rendering mental health services to the veteran population. Analyses indicated that practitioners who identified as veterans, and as military spouses, had greater self-efficacy than those clinicians/students who did not have this experience. Also, continuing education in coursework related to military counseling improved practitioner perceptions of self-efficacy. Neither military cultural awareness nor attitudes about war had an impact on counselor self-efficacy. This study helps explain some of the influences upon clinicians’ perceptions of efficacy in treating military veterans. It also provides evidence on the importance of clinicians gaining experience working with military personnel and pursuing continuing education relating to counseling service members.
Article PDF: 151039.pdf
Year: 2012 (Vol: 15 No: 1 Page: 49)
Title: In Search of A New Paradigm: Social Work for Twenty-First Century Veterans
Abstract: The new generation of veterans entering the United States health care system requires institutional changes in the medical field to address these veterans’ unique characteristics. Social workers must recognize how research on the mental health problems of veterans returning from Iraq and Afghanistan may affect the process of assessment and treatment approaches. The Veterans Affairs health care system (VA) has identified relationship-based treatment as the most appropriate approach for the transformation of the VA system. This paper discusses how the latest research leads to customer-focused treatment modalities including narrative and existentialist therapies.
Article PDF: 151049.pdf
Year: 2012 (Vol: 15 No: 1 Page: 61)
Title:Reaching Out to Returning Troops and Their Families: Building Capacity of Community-Based Services
Author(s): Selber, Chavkin, and Williams
Abstract: This study explores community and organizational factors impacting service delivery, outreach, and capacity building in a group of primarily nonprofit, voluntary organizations that provide services to troops and families in Texas. The article reports on a study of 80 statewide programs that provide services to troops and families and that were funded by a partnership of community foundations. The purpose of this exploratory study was to describe what exists and what could be improved so that our troops and veterans can more successfully transition to civilian life with their families and communities. Based on the findings, the authors make recommendations for practice.
Article PDF: 151061.pdf
Year: 2012 (Vol: 15 No: 2 Page: 3)
Title: From the Editor
Article PDF: 152003.pdf
Year: 2012 (Vol: 15 No: 2 Page: 4)
Title: Exploring the Social Benefits of Face-to-Face and Online Groups for Persons with Asperger Syndrome
Author(s): Carter, Wilson, and Wilson
Abstract: This qualitative study explores the thoughts of individuals with Asperger syndrome regarding their experiences with face-to-face and online group participation. The participants shared their experiences with face-to-face and online groups, expressing an interest in using both online and face-to-face groups as a way to access social support and ease their isolation. In their description of particular challenges, the participants focused on the need for developing effective communication strategies to reduce emotional injuries related to inappropriate or miscommunication, as well as risks to privacy and security by unwanted intruders in online groups. Implications for professionals who help persons with Asperger syndrome to set up and manage face-to-face and online groups are discussed.
Article PDF: 152004.pdf
Year: 2012 (Vol: 15 No: 2 Page: 16)
Title: Enhancing the Professional Development of the Child Welfare Workforce: Does the Training Method Matter?
Author(s): Sar, Antle and Bledsoe
Abstract: Utilizing a pre/post comparison group design, the present study addresses gaps in current knowledge about effective training methods for the child welfare workforce by comparing a traditional training approach that uses Hunter’s ITIP method with the Credit for Learning (CFL) integrated curriculum approach. The results of this study indicate that the CFL integrated curriculum approach is viable, and that it increases knowledge and self-efficacy in applying skills learned in the classroom at a better rate than the ITIP method.
Article PDF: 152016.pdf
Year: 2012 (Vol: 15 No: 2 Page: 28)
Title: Best Practices in Providing Specialized Mental Health Services to Individuals with a Dual Diagnosis
Author(s): Glasow and Carter
Abstract: The authors review the effects of the move from a centralized to a community-based treatment model. This study provides evidence-informed knowledge about outpatient services for clients with dual diagnoses from the perspective of 14 mental health professionals. Reflecting on the realities faced by individuals with dual diagnoses, this study provides direction regarding the most suitable services for this vulnerable population. Focusing on practices or evidence-informed outpatient treatment interventions for individuals with dual diagnoses, the findings are relevant for community stakeholders, mental health agencies, professionals, and for individuals with dual diagnoses.
Article PDF: 152028.pdf
Year: 2012 (Vol: 15 No: 2 Page: 41)
Title: A Qualitative Study of Problems and Parental Challenges of Resettled African Refugee Parents
Author(s): Sossou amd Adedoyin
Abstract: This is a qualitative study of challenges and parenting problems of African refugee parents resettled in an urban city of a Southeastern state of the United States. The study reported findings from two focus group discussions as they related to acquisition of the English language, unemployment, child protective services, the school system, and cultural challenges of raising children in a new environment. Additionally, the research participants’ personal narratives highlighted the importance of their lived experiences, misconceptions, vulnerability, and acculturation and adjustment challenges with regards to their integration into the new culture. The study discussed implications for culturally sensitive social work practice and the revision of current refugee policies to improve the well-being of refugees.
Article PDF: 152041.pdf
Year: 2012 (Vol: 15 No: 2 Page: 55)
Title:Peer Mentoring Among Junior Faculty and Implications for Culture Change
Author(s): Karam, Bowland, Rowan, Washington, Perry, Collins-Camargo and Archuleta
Abstract: While mentoring is not a new experience for junior faculty development or for socialization into academia, peer mentoring offers an alternative to traditional, hierarchical mentorship arrangements between senior faculty and their protégés. Little has been written in the social work literature about peer mentoring as a valuable practice for socializing junior social work faculty. This article chronicles how a cohort of seven new faculty members organically established a peer mentoring group to assist in their transition to faculty life. Through creating a pathway for socialization, they recognized that their positive relationships and commitment to learning as a community might also have implications for changing their school’s culture. Considerations discussed in this paper include forming a junior faculty peer mentoring group, implementation challenges, goals and activities, and potential benefits for organizational culture.
Article PDF: 152055.pdf
Year: 2012 (Vol: 15 No: 2 Page: 63)
Title:Outcomes Better for Children with Regular Visits: Missouri Children in Foster Care, Permanency Outcomes, and Caseworker Visits
Author(s): Staysa and Kelly
Abstract: States are required to provide annual updates to the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, Administration on Children and Families, Children’s Bureau regarding the frequency and consistency of caseworker visits with foster children including the percentage of those visits held in the child’s placement. Public Law 109-288 (Child and Family Services Act, 2006) was enacted after a favorable relationship was found between caseworker visits with children and the child’s outcomes during the Child and Family Services Review (CFSR) Round One. The Missouri Children’s Division studied the effect of frequent and regular caseworker visits with children and permanency outcomes during FFY10, and found permanency outcomes to be better for children who had received visits every month compared to children who had one or more missed monthly visits. As a result, the Missouri Children’s Division has deemed caseworker visits with children to be a priority for field practitioners, supervisors, and administration.
Article PDF: 152063.pdf
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