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Article Index

This page contains all available articles from volumes 1 through 26NN along with their abstracts and authors' names.  Utilize your search tool (Ctrl+F) to find a specific article. 

Article PDF: SEEGuide.pdf

Year: 1998 (Vol: 1 No: Page: 2)

Title: Editor's Introduction
Author(s): Seymour J. Rosenthal
Abstract:  Notes from the Editor
Article PDF: 11002.pdf  


Year: 1998 (Vol: 1 No: Page: 4)

Title: Welfare Reform: Implications for Professional Development in Social Work
Author(s): Ronald K. Green and Richard L. Edwards
Abstract:  The authors discuss the recent and continuing changes in welfare reform within the contexts of the "devolution  revolution," and shifts within the socio-political environment with its statutory program requirements and implications for professional development.  The authors challenge social work and related human services to approach the program shifts from the federal government to state responsibilities (with the stringent eligibility requirements, work requirements, time limitations, etc.) as new and bold "creative problem-solvers."
Article PDF: 11004.pdf  


Year: 1998 (Vol: 1 No: Page: 16)

Title: Incorporating Follow-up to Evaluate the Impact of Continuing Professional Education Programs on Social Work Practice
Author(s): Tracey J. Dietz
Abstract:  In order for many social workers across the nation to maintain their licenses or certifications, they must participate in continuing professional education programs.  With increasing pressure from funding sources and the public, there will be greater demands to demonstrate that these programs do indeed improve practice.  The author discusses the three levels at which continuing education programs are evaluated and argues that evaluators need to place greater emphasis on evaluations that measure how well continuing education programs improve practice.
Article PDF: 11016.pdf  


Year: 1998 (Vol: 1 No: Page: 22)

Title: Collaboration in Human Services: Skills Assessment for Effective Interpersonal Communication
Author(s): Alan B. Hen kin, and Jay R. Dee
Abstract:  Collaborative models of social service practice require high levels of interpersonal interaction among professionals representing multiple disciplines. Effective collaboration may depend significantly on the communication skills of practitioners who must manage critical interdependencies in their work.  A range of shills related to effective collaboration are delineated and explicated.  Several measures of constructs associated with effective collaboration and communication are examined.
Article PDF: 11022.pdf  


Year: 1998 (Vol: 1 No: Page: 31)

Title: "In the Polish Way": Social Service and Professional Social Work Development in Contemporary Poland
Author(s): Alice E. Smith
Abstract:  The author identifies and discusses major ideological and methodological issues which underlie the administration of human services and direct social work practice in Poland.  Understanding historical assumptions about the nature and role of government, along with the socio-economic context of the former Eastern Block countries, is crucial for western educated social workers who wish to engage in or study international human services/social work education and practice development in Europe.
Article PDF: 11031.pdf  


Year: 1998 (Vol: 1 No: Page: 38)

Title: Providing Culturally Competent Juvenile Services to the Latino Community
Author(s): Edward Pabon
Abstract:  The interaction between traditional juvenile justice service providers and Latino youngsters and families in this society has been somewhat impersonal, structured, and formal, with minimal give-and-take questioning and relevant discussion.  The resultant evidence continues to suggest that services have not been sufficiently responsive to the needs of minority clients, especially Latino youngsters.  Juvenile justice providers need to understand and incorporate cultural value preferences, such as familialism, all centrism, and personal distance, in their relationship with Latino clients in terms of building therapeutic contacts.
Article PDF: 11038.pdf  


Year: 1998 (Vol: 1 No: Page: 47)

Title: Innovations in Delivering Culturally Sensitive Social Work Services: Challenges for Practice and Education
Author(s): Reviewed by Margret Yeakel
Abstract:  Book Review
Article PDF: 11047.pdf  


Year: 1998 (Vol: 1 No: Page: 49)

Title: Income Security and Public Assistance for Woman and Children
Author(s): Reviewed by Albert E. Wilkerson
Abstract:  Book Review
Article PDF: 11049.pdf  


Year: 1998 (Vol: 1 No: Page: 3)

Title: Editor's Introduction
Author(s): Seymour J. Rosenthal
Abstract:  Notes from the Editor
Article PDF: 12003.pdf  


Year: 1998 (Vol: 1 No: Page: 4)

Title: Professional Social Work and the Battered Women's Movement:  Contextualizing the Challenges of Domestic Violence Work
Author(s): Valli Kanuha
Abstract:  Professional social work has both a distinguished and troubling history in the development of domestic violence policies and programs in the United States and internationally.  Over the last two decades, the evolution of a domestic violence service industry, with social workers as key practitioners, has highlighted the ongoing challenges of the feminist, activist roots of the battered women's movement and increased professionalization of domestic violence services.  The author analyzes the role of social work in the domestic abuse field and provides implications for addressing some of the recurrent practice and ideological tensions.
Article PDF: 12004.pdf  


Year: 1998 (Vol: 1 No: Page: 19)

Title: Grounded Training:  Preparing Child Welfare Supervisors for Domestic Violence Work
Author(s): Ann Fleck-Henderson and Stefan Krug
Abstract:  "Grounded training" is an approach to staff development which draws on insights about adult learners and public service workers and which continuously involves trainees in curriculum development.  As recipients of an innovative training grant from Health and Human Services, the authors of this article developed a training program for child welfare supervisors on working with families affected by domestic violence.  Partners in the grant were Simmons College School of Social Work, Boston Medical Center, and the Massachusetts Department of Social Services.  A description of that project illustrates the grounded training approach.
Article PDF: 12019.pdf  


Year: 1998 (Vol: 1 No: Page: 27)

Title: The Evolution of Professional Training in Accord with Pedagogical Change to Meet Growing Child and Family Needs
Author(s): Jean W. Ross,   Lois Wright,  Anna V. Skipper and  Deborah P. Valentine
Abstract:  Since the 1960s, child maltreatment concerns have prompted federal funding for partnerships between social work schools and public welfare agencies to train professionals working with the escalating and increasingly complex problems facing children and families.  Training models at The Center for Child and Family Studies at the University of South Carolina have evolved in several stages from traditional methodology, giving scant voice to trainees, to a facilitation model, with maximum participant input assuring accountability while meeting participants' self-articulated needs and objectives.  In this evolution The Center's training has paralleled the pedagogical movement from "banking" to "midwife" methodology, incorporating constructivist changes from adult education, feminism, and postmodernism.
Article PDF: 12027.pdf  


Year: 1998 (Vol: 1 No: Page: 38)

Title: Retention Outcomes of a Public Child Welfare Long-Term Training Program
Author(s): Cathleen A. Lewandowski
Abstract:  It has been estimated that approximately one-third of all social workers in child welfare resign each year, which results in discontinuity of service for clients and is detrimental to worker morale.  Long-term training programs have been implemented to improve the professionalism of child welfare service delivery and improve retention rates.  The purpose of this study was to assess the retention outcomes of a long-term training program and examine the impact declassification of social work positions and the privatization of child services has had on long-term child welfare training.
Article PDF: 12038.pdf  


Year: 1998 (Vol: 1 No: Page: 47)

Title: Service Provider Knowledge, Misconceptions and Bias About Aging:  A Case for Professional Development
Author(s): Carole A. Singleton
Abstract:  Qualified providers of services to the elderly may be assumed to have realistic and factually based views of the objective circumstances of their clients.  An assessment of social workers' baseline knowledge about aging suggests reason for concern about potential effects of provider misconceptions and biases on decision making impacting elderly users of a range of services available to this population.  Study findings support the case for formal continuing education opportunities for service providers.
Article PDF: 12047.pdf  


Year: 1999 (Vol: 1 No: Page: 54)

Title: Meeting the Continuing Education Needs of Nursing Home Social Workers:  A Professional Development Seminar
Author(s): Patricia Gleason-Wynn
Abstract:  Social workers who decide to go into nursing home social work often find that their formal education has not prepared them with the skills needed to perform the job competently.  This article covers the curriculum for a two-day continuing education seminar that was developed to provide a comprehensive overview of social work services in the nursing home setting.  Seminar participants are presented with theoretical and practical knowledge through didactic and experiential teaching styles designed to enhance their practice.  Other topics relevant for the professional development of nursing home social workers are suggested.
Article PDF: 12054.pdf  


Year: 1999 (Vol: 1 No: Page: 60)

Title: Mediation and Conflict Resolution in Social Work and Human Services  edited by Edward Kruk
Author(s): Reviewed by Dorothy  Osgood
Abstract:  Book Review
Article PDF: 12060.pdf  


Year: 1999 (Vol: 1 No: Page: 61)

Title: Out of the Double Closet:  A Review of Violence in Gay and Lesbian Domestic Partnerships  edited by Claire M. Renzetti and  Charles Harvey Miley
Author(s): Reviewed by Robert Schoenberg
Abstract:  Book Review
Article PDF: 12061.pdf  


Year: 1998 (Vol: 1 No: Page: 3)

Title: Editor's Introduction
Author(s): Seymour J. Rosenthal
Abstract:  Notes from the Editor
Article PDF: 13003.pdf  


Year: 1998 (Vol: 1 No: Page: 4)

Title: Perspectives on Welfare Reform   Part One: Social Work-- Welfare and Work: Some Suggestions on How the Two Can Mesh, From a Public Policy Administrator
Author(s): David C. Florey
Abstract:  Commissioned Paper
Article PDF: 13004.pdf  


Year: 1998 (Vol: 1 No: Page: 7)

Title: Part Two: Welfare And Work:  The Need for New Practice Skills
Author(s): Constance Goldman Beresin
Abstract:  Commissioned Paper
Article PDF: 13007.pdf  


Year: 1998 (Vol: 1 No: Page: 12)

Title: Part Three:  Occupational Social Work and Welfare Reform:  Directions for Continuing Social Work Education
Author(s): Roberta R. Iversen,  Beth M. Lewis, and Lina Hartocollis
Abstract:  Commissioned Paper
Article PDF: 13012.pdf  


Year: 1998 (Vol: 1 No: Page: 18)

Title: Social Work and Managed Behavioral Health Care:  We Don't Want to Be your Darlings Anymore
Author(s): G. Brent Angell, and Glenn E. Rohrer
Abstract:  Social work is a profession under moral and ethical siege as a result of its favored position with respect to the delivery of fee-for-service mental and behavioral services under managed care.  The authors look at how social workers, in becoming the "darlings" of managed behavioral health care, have compromised their professional autonomy and their ability to advocate in the best interest of consumers of mental and behavioral health services.  The authors call for a professional-identity check-up, and suggest alternative approaches to practice within managed behavioral health care which have ramifications for teaching and continuing education.
Article PDF: 13018.pdf  


Year: 1998 (Vol: 1 No: Page: 31)

Title: Psychopharmacology Knowledge, and Use with Social Work Professionals:  A Continuing Education Evaluation
Author(s): Sophia Dziegielewski, and  Ana M. Leon
Abstract:  This continuing education program was designed to increase social worker knowledge in regard to mental health medications in the practice setting.  This full-day workshop presented the basics of medication use and the effects these medications can have on the counseling environment.  The intention of the workshop was to explore the knowledge level social workers possess, and how comfortable they feel in relationship with other professionals when it comes to the use of medications.  One hundred and sixty-nine participants were surveyed, resulting in approximately 137 usable surveys that addressed general knowledge of medications as well as pretested/post tested responses in regard to whether they felt the workshop was helpful in increasing their current levels of understanding and impressions in regard to medication use.  Significant relationships were noted between several study variables as well as between pretest and posttest scores.  Suggestions for future research and education in this area are presented.
Article PDF: 13031.pdf  


Year: 1998 (Vol: 1 No: Page: 41)

Title: Interfacing with Managed Behavior Health Care Organizations:  An Emerging Scale of Private Practitioner's Self-Perceived Competence
Author(s): Robert A. Keefe, and Michael L. Hall
Abstract:  The Wagner and Morse Measure of Individual Sense of Competence was revised and administered to 168 social workers, 158 psychologists, and 245 psychiatrists in private practice.  The scale measured the practitioner's ability to interface with managed care organizations.  Although seasoned private practitioners were sampled, they indicated that they do not perceive themselves as competent in their interactions with managed care organizations.  These conclusions have pronounced implications for the practitioners' ability to advocate strongly for their clients and for continuing education programs to focus on the interface between managed care organizations and private practitioners.
Article PDF: 13041.pdf  


Year: 1999 (Vol: 1 No: Page: 53)

Title: Meeting the Continuing Education Needs of Social Workers Managers  A Professional Development Seminar
Author(s): Joanne J. Thompson, David Menefee, Julee H. Kryder-Coe, and Marsha Marly
Abstract:  The authors explore issues impacting the entry of social workers into management roles within the human services.  While historically there has been a bias toward developing social workers for direct practice roles, there is an increasing need for social workers to be prepared for supervision and management.  The authors present finding of a national study identifying management competencies for human services, and discuss a continuing education human services management program for graduate social work practitioners.
Article PDF: 13053.pdf  


Year: 1999 (Vol: 1 No: Page: 61)

Title: Does America Hate the Poor?  The Other American Dilemma:  Lessons for the 21st Century from the 1960s and the 1970s  By John E. Tropman
Author(s): Reviewed by Albert E. Wilkerson
Abstract:  Book Review
Article PDF: 13061.pdf  


Year: 1999 (Vol: 1 No: Page: 62)

Title: Living Inside Prison Walls:  Adjustment Behavior  By Victoria R. DeRosia
Author(s): Reviewed by Albert E Wilkerson
Abstract:  Book Review
Article PDF: 13062.pdf  


Year: 1999 (Vol: 2 No: Page: 3)

Title: Editor's Introduction
Author(s): Seymour J. Rosenthal
Abstract:  Notes from the Editor
Article PDF: 21003.pdf  


Year: 1999 (Vol: 2 No: Page: 4)

Title: Globalization, Technology and Continued Professional Education
Author(s): Michael J. Kelly, and Michael L. Lauderdale
Abstract:  This special issue on social work continuing education explores some of the more salient factors seen to be influencing the direction of professional continuing education.  Briefly, there are four analytically separable but intertwined changes that will, when taken together, influence hoe CE professionals will conduct their work.  The first factor is globalization of business and social services including changes in consumer demand.  The second is the resulting changes in organizations as they respond to competitive pressures via staff involvement and continuous learning.  The third is the computerization of the workplace and, finally, the fourth, the "blurring" of the distinction between formal education, credentialing, in-service training, and continuing education.
Article PDF: 21004.pdf  


Year: 1999 (Vol: 2 No: Page: 10)

Title: Technology and Continuing Education in Social Work
Author(s): Michael L Lauderdale, and Michael J. Kelly
Abstract:  The authors examine important new technologies that are available to those that provide professional continuing education.  They examine the recent traditions of how programs were designed and provided and offer some criticism of the shortcomings of that process.  They explain the more salient technologies that are now available, how they can be used, and the likely impact such approaches to education will have on traditional faculty and institutions.
Article PDF: 21010.pdf  


Year: 1999 (Vol: 2 No: Page: 19)

Title: The Failed Promise of Hypertechnology in Social Work
Author(s): Larry W. Kreuger, and  John J. Stretch
Abstract:  The authors argue that the "worldwide hyper technology assemblage" has not lived up to its promise.  They are concerned about a shift from worker-client face-to-face dynamics to impersonal photographic images.  The importance of non-verbal cues has been greatly diminished, as a further example of quantitative over qualitative.  The authors have adapted a set of nine recommendations, developed on 1992 by Mender, which suggest ways in which the social work profession should respond.
Article PDF: 21019.pdf  


Year: 1999 (Vol: 2 No: Page: 28)

Title: Paradigm Shifts and E-Training Preparedness
Author(s): Sharon Weaver Pittman
Abstract:  E-training opportunities abound.  Organizations that remain entrenched in traditional methods will find themselves obsolete.  Shifts in approach to staff training and development may be nominal or radical depending on the organization's historical responsiveness to the infusion of technology.  Adapting Tapscott's (1996) model for defining paradigm shifts, the author suggests parameters that organizational leadership can use to develop a value-added approach for 21st Century staff development and training.  Also provided is a Training Shift Readiness Assessment Tool that can be useful in evaluating an organization's preparedness for the next millennium.  Survey outcomes can suggest areas where the equipment or software may need to be updated.
Article PDF: 21028.pdf  


Year: 1999 (Vol: 2 No: Page: 35)

Title: New Information Technology and Social Work Education in South Korea
Author(s): YoungJong Kim
Abstract:  The author describes the current state of technological development and its impact on social work education in South Korea.  During the 1990s, there has been a general consensus on the usefulness of borrowing information technology for the social work profession and education.  The idea has not, however, been fully developed because of various obstacles, including the high cost of utilizing those technologies.  Now, the costs are being lowered at rapid rate, and as information technology begins to spread rapidly and widely, its impact on social work is inevitable.
Article PDF: 21035.pdf  


Year: 1999 (Vol: 2 No: Page: 38)

Title: Continuing Social Work Education in an Electronic Age:  The Opportunities and Challenges Facing Social Work Education in Ghana
Author(s): Osei K. Darkwa
Abstract:  The author discusses social work education and training in Ghana.  Highlighted are the role of emerging communication technologies and the choices and challenges confronting social work educators in Ghana as they seek to incorporate distance education into social work education and training in that country.  The benefits of technology-based education are addressed, and a discussion of information technology initiatives in Ghana is undertaken.  The author concludes by making recommendations on how to incorporate distance education into continuing social work education and training in Ghana.
Article PDF: 21038.pdf  


Year: 1999 (Vol: 2 No: Page: 44)

Title: Internet Technology and the Assessment of Supervisors:  A Unique Perspective for Professional Development and Continuing Education
Author(s): Noel Landuyt
Abstract:  The author focuses on the task of upper level management in mentoring and in guiding the development of lower ranking supervisors.  This may include overseeing areas on continuing education.  These tasks require access to accurate and pertinent data.  The author explains how a general assessment of organizational functioning, using the Survey of Organizational Excellence, creates a need for specific continuing education.  The use of Internet Technology captures employee perceptual data basic to successful work with the supervisors.
Article PDF: 21044.pdf  


Year: 1999 (Vol: 2 No: Page: 49)

Title: Infusing Technology into the Social Work Curriculum
Author(s): Lee F. Gustafson, and  Austin Kuhn
Abstract:  The authors report on an illustration of the soon to be routine use of information technology in traditional undergraduate teaching.  It is suggestive of what will quickly become the norm in social work education and will prove to offer an extensive set of new relationships with field agencies.  It also illustrates a knowledge gap that may rapidly develop between persons educated in social work some years ago and the more technologically capable new graduate. The authors suggest agency partnerships as a means of closing that gap.
Article PDF: 21049.pdf  


Year: 1999 (Vol: 2 No: Page: 3)

Title: Editor's Introduction
Author(s): Seymour J. Rosenthal
Abstract:  Notes from the Editor
Article PDF: 22003.pdf  


Year: 1999 (Vol: 2 No: Page: 4)

Title: Social Workers and Technology:  Challenges of the Multidisciplinary Team
Author(s): A. Elizabeth Cauble, and  Janice M. Dinkel
Abstract:  As social workers start using technology for continuing education program development and training, they are teaming with technical disciplines.  This departure from traditional teamwork creates a new working environment with many challenges.  A multidisciplinary training project using interactive multimedia  technology is described.  The benefits and challenges for social workers as well as other team members are discussed.  The authors propose using social work practice methods to plan for and resolve difficulties as they arise in the multidisciplinary team.
Article PDF: 22004.pdf  


Year: 1999 (Vol: 2 No: Page: 14)

Title: Educating Social Workers About Changes in the American Family:  Evaluating the Impact of Training
Author(s): Fred Buttell
Abstract:  The author reports on South Carolina's effort to educate social work practitioners about various trends influencing the structure of American family.  Analysis of the pre-training data indicated that the participants were largely ill-formed about the rapidly changing family structure in the United States.  However, analysis of the post-training data demonstrated that there was significant improvement in their knowledge of the program material at the conclusion of the training.  Implications of the findings for using continuing education as a forum for disseminating information about changing family structures are explored and discussed.
Article PDF: 22014.pdf  


Year: 1999 (Vol: 2 No: Page: 19)

Title: Distance Learning in a Rural Environment:  Strategies, Opportunities, and Barriers
Author(s): Monte Miller
Abstract:  The author presents a study of a two-course sequence designed to offer social workers and other health care professionals distance education regarding rural practice with persons with disabilities.  Course delivery included high, and low, technology methods.  Factors discussed include selecting distance education strategies, course development, barriers to distance learning, and strategies for overcoming barriers.
Article PDF: 22019.pdf  


Year: 1999 (Vol: 2 No: Page: 26)

Title: Personality Comparison Between On-Campus and Distance Learners:  Implications for Continuing Social Work Education
Author(s): Christine B. Hagan, Marilyn K. Potts, and Ginger K. Wilson
Abstract:  The authors compared MSW students on the NEO-Personality Inventory (Costa & McCrea, 1989). Comparisons were made between 37 distance learners and 53 on-campus students on five facets of personality: neuroticism, extraversion, openness, agreeableness, and conscientiousness.  Findings indicated minimal differences off-campus and on-campus cohorts.  Among distance learners, personality factors had negligible effects on student satisfaction.  These findings suggest that personality factors have little influence on the successful recruitment and retention of distance education students.  Such efforts might focus more productively on improving the learning environment in distance education classrooms.
Article PDF: 22026.pdf  


Year: 1999 (Vol: 2 No: Page: 32)

Title: A Collaborative Training Effort Between a Continuing education Program do a Graduate School of Social Work and a Volunteer Mentoring Youth Service Agency
Author(s): Carolyn T. Cullen, Vae L. Champagne, and Pauline C. Zischka
Abstract:  As youth mentoring emerges as a rapidly growing field, social work continuing education can play a significant role in providing the specialized training necessary for individuals who supervise volunteer mentors.  A new partnership model between a social work continuing education program and a mentoring agency is described which provides training to social service staff in the area of youth mentoring.  The authors discuss the increasing need for mentoring staff training, benefits of such a collaboration, and feedback from training participants.  The development of a standard curriculum by which individuals may earn credit could be a major contribution to the mentoring field.
Article PDF: 22032.pdf  


Year: 1999 (Vol: 2 No: Page: 43)

Title: The Human Services Training Effectiveness Postcard (HSTEP):  A Tool for Research and Evaluation of Human Services Training
Author(s): Dale Curry, and Theodore Chandler
Abstract:  The authors describe a brief mail survey questionnaire postcard which was used as an outcome indicator to promote research and assess training effectiveness for human service personnel.  A study of almost 600 child protective social workers utilized the Human Services Training Effectiveness Postcard (ASTEP) to assess perceived impact of training on the job and to explore factors which influenced training application.  Information on the reliability and validity of the tool is discussed.  A survey questionnaire which assessed 11 transfer factors (Transfer Potential Questionnaire) provided supportive data which helped strengthen the validity of the Human Services Training Effectiveness Postcard.  And as information technology begins to spread rapidly and widely, its impact on social work is inevitable.
Article PDF: 22043.pdf  


Year: 1999 (Vol: 2 No: Page: 57)

Title: A Model for International Continuing Education:  Cross-Culture, Experiential Professional Development
Author(s): David P. Boyle, and Chrystal Barranti
Abstract:  Since 1995, groups of social work practitioners have participated in a professional education experience, sponsored by the University of Georgia Continuing Education Program in association with the University of Veracruz (Mexico ) for 10 days of language instruction, cultural immersion, home stays with Mexican families, visits to social service agencies, and daily social work seminars.  The goal of the experience is to expand the skills of practicing social workers toward becoming bilingual and culturally competent for work with Hispanic/Latino clients.  The program is described and results are summarized.
Article PDF: 22057.pdf  


Year: 1999 (Vol: 2 No: Page: 63)

Title: Managed Care in Human Services   Steven Wernet,  Editor
Author(s): Reviewed by June Cairns
Abstract:  Book Review
Article PDF: 22063.pdf  


Year: 1999 (Vol: 2 No: Page: 64)

Title: Case Management:  An Introduction to Concepts and Skills   by  Arthur J. Frankel and  Sheldon R.  Gelman
Author(s): Reviewed by E. Jane Middleton
Abstract:  Book Review
Article PDF: 22064.pdf  


Year: 1999 (Vol: 2 No: Page: 3)

Title: Editor's Introduction
Author(s): Seymour J. Rosenthal
Abstract:  Notes from the Editor
Article PDF: 23003.pdf  


Year: 1999 (Vol: 2 No: Page: 5)

Title: Evaluation:  A Practitioner's Perspective on Continuing Education Programs
Author(s): Raymond C. Meyers
Abstract:  Commissioned Paper
Article PDF: 23005.pdf  


Year: 1999 (Vol: 2 No: Page: 8)

Title: Evaluation:  A Faculty Member's Perspective on Continuing Education Programs
Author(s): Lois Milner
Abstract:  Commissioned Paper
Article PDF: 23008.pdf  


Year: 1999 (Vol: 2 No: Page: 11)

Title: The Role of the Site Coordinator in a Social Work Distance Education Program
Author(s): Christine B. Hagan,  Ginger K. Wilson,  Marilyn K. Potts,  Donna Wheeler, and  Gary Bess
Abstract:  The authors describe the role of the site coordinator in a social work distance education program.  The 3-year part-time MSW program links rural off-campus sites to a host urban university campus, using interactive television.  Site coordinators serve as teaching assistants, field placement coordinators, academic advisors, and community liaisons.  Additionally, the site coordinator provides an administrative link to the host campus, service as an advocate for students, and provides socialization of students to the values of the social work profession.
Article PDF: 23011.pdf  


Year: 1999 (Vol: 2 No: Page: 19)

Title: Mentoring and Organizational Learning
Author(s): Michael J. Kelly, and  Michael L. Lauderdale
Abstract:  The article describes a multi-year collaborative projects, Mentor+, between a university extension program and a state human service agency that was designed as to address the need for skilled leadership in social service agencies within today's socio-political environment.  The project was founded on two hypotheses: (1) that formal mentoring would be a new management development method that would help senior managers develop mid-level managers; and (2) that a university, as an entity specializing in learning and development, could serve as a unique catalyst for the development of organizational learning.  The authors discuss the findings, which suggest that supported formal mentoring is an attractive management strategy for public human service agencies.
Article PDF: 23019.pdf  


Year: 1999 (Vol: 2 No: Page: 29)

Title: Professional Development and Certification for Child Protective Services Supervisors:  A Follow-up Study of the Texas Initiative
Author(s): Maria Scannapieco
Abstract:  The article provides background, implementation, and follow-up of the Texas Department of Protective and Regulatory Services' efforts, in collaboration with the Children's Protective Services Training Institute, to expand training and certification for child welfare supervisors.  The author presents research findings about how supervisors perceive certification, how others perceive supervisor certification, and how supervisors utilize certification.  The implications of the training and certification are explored in light of the fact that the program is currently voluntary, but could become mandatory in the future.
Article PDF: 23029.pdf  


Year: 1999 (Vol: 2 No: Page: 36)

Title: Crisis Management and Brief Therapy    A. R. Roberts, Editor
Author(s): Reviewed by Jay Fagan
Abstract:  Book Review
Article PDF: 23036.pdf  

Year: 2000 (Vol: 3 No: Page: 3)

Title: Editor's Introduction
Author(s): Seymour J. Rosenthal
Abstract:  Notes from the Editor
Article PDF: 31003.pdf  


Year: 2000 (Vol: 3 No: Page: 5)

Title: Challenges for Modern Social Work in Russia: Problems and Prospects
Author(s): Tatiana Tregoubova
Abstract:  Commissioned Paper
Article PDF: 31005.pdf  


Year: 2000 (Vol: 3 No: Page: 15)

Title: Creating Social Work Virtual Learning Communities in Africa
Author(s): Osei Darkwa and  Fikile Mazibuko
Abstract:  The article discusses the creation of a social work virtual learning environment to promote professional development, continuing education, and access to higher education and training to Africans seeking access to social work education.  It begins by discussing the evolution of social work education, professional development, and continuing education in Africa.  It highlights the role of emerging communication technologies and the choices and challenges confronting policy makers in Africa in their attempt to incorporate distance education into social work education and training.  Additionally, the article explores the technological opportunities for Africans wishing to acquire further education and training.
Article PDF: 31015.pdf  


Year: 2000 (Vol: 3 No: Page: 25)

Title: Recipients' Opinions About Welfare Reform
Author(s): Daphne L. McClellan, Holly C. Matto, and Malinda B. Orlin
Abstract:  In all that has been written since the devolution of welfare, only occasionally have we asked the recipients themselves what they think.  This article presents the views of welfare recipients regarding welfare reform and changes they recommend.  Faithfully reporting the actual words of the recipients, the authors found that the suggestions for change fell into two broad categories: recommendations to improve the existing welfare programs and recommendations to transform the fundamental structure of the welfare system.
Article PDF: 31025.pdf  


Year: 2000 (Vol: 3 No: Page: 31)

Title: Educational Challenges Facing Health Care Social Workers in the Twenty-First Century
Author(s): Claire S. Rudolph
Abstract:  This abstract addresses the challenge faced by the social work profession in the health care services environment, focusing on the education and training direction for current and future practitioners in the health care arena.  Based on the history of medical social work in the twentieth century, a number of challenges in the delivery of health care services are discussed, raising important issues about the preparation of social workers for professional practice.  Professional social work education needs to be restructured by forming new types of university, agency, and/or community partnerships where agency personnel participate fully in identifying the knowledge and skills needed in designing the curriculum.
Article PDF: 31031.pdf  


Year: 2000 (Vol: 3 No: Page: 44)

Title: Professional Social Work Education in Child Welfare:  Assessing Practice Knowledge and Skills
Author(s): Maria Scannapieco, Rebecca M. Bolen, and Kelli K. Connell
Abstract:  Historically, the profession of social work has held a leadership role in the filed of child welfare.  There has been a history of collaborations between schools of social work and child welfare and state child welfare agencies.  Today, hundreds of these partnerships throughout the country (Zlotnik, 1997) are spending millions of federal dollars to professionally educate Bachelor of Social Work and Master of Social Work students for careers in child welfare.  Unfortunately, there is not a corresponding proliferation of evaluation research that attempts to measure the effectiveness of these partnerships.  This article provides a comprehensive description and evaluation of a partnership between a school of social work and a state department of child protective services.  The evaluation focuses on student learning and a exploratory examination of practice changes in the agency.
Article PDF: 31044.pdf  


Year: 2000 (Vol: 3 No: Page: 3)

Title: Editor's Introduction
Author(s): Seymour J. Rosenthal
Abstract:  Notes from the Editor
Article PDF: 32003.pdf  


Year: 2000 (Vol: 3 No: Page: 5)

Title: Reaffirming Our Mission:  From Past to Present
Author(s): Ruth Mayden
Abstract:  Commissioned Paper
Article PDF: 32005.pdf  


Year: 2000 (Vol: 3 No: Page: 11)

Title: The Implementation of a Sustainable Social Work Exchange Program:  The University of Georgia and the University of Veracruz
Author(s): David P.  Boyle, and  Bertha Murrieta Cervantes
Abstract:  Over a period of eight years, the University of Georgia (UGA) and the University of Veracruz (UV) developed a model of a sustainable exchange program.  The Schools of Social Work of the two universities took l\the lead in implementing the program, which included short intensive courses for graduate students, facility members, and alumni in Jalapa, Veracruz, hosted by the School for Foreign Students (Escuela para Estudiantes Extranjeros) of UV; intensive brief classes for UGA undergraduates at the two Schools of Social Works of UV; jointly-sponsored continuing education seminars; semester-long social work practicum experiences for UGA students of the two institutions.  This paper summarizes the activities, the developmental processes involved, and the lessons learned with some recommendations for similar programs.
Article PDF: 32011.pdf  


Year: 2000 (Vol: 3 No: Page: 24)

Title: The Use of Debriefings in Response to Disasters and Traumatic Events
Author(s): Joshua Miller
Abstract:  A debriefing is a structured group process that responds to the collective experience of trauma as a consequence of disasters.  This paper considers what a debriefing is, why it should be used, and then compares different debriefing models.  A detailed example is provided of a debriefing model developed by a community-based team.  The article concludes with an examination of how debriefings are consistent with social work theory and practice and offers suggestions for continuing education.  The paper is informed by the author's experience as a member of a local community crisis response team.
Article PDF: 32024.pdf  


Year: 2000 (Vol: 3 No: Page: 33)

Title: Single-System Evaluation of Child Protective Services Training
Author(s): Thomas E. Smith, Steven Schinke, and David W. Springer
Abstract:  Objective:  This paper describes a study of training methods for child protective services workers.  Method:  A sample of child protective workers (n=34) were tested before and after a 5-day clinical training program.  A sublet of workers was repeatedly tested within a multiple-probe research design to evaluate the effects on instruction, modeling, and practice.   Results:   Post-training gains were seen for protective services workers' knowledge of child development and behavior change principles, facts about child abuse and neglect, and self-control and anger management abilities.  Observational data on the subset of workers during protective services interviews showed increasingly more specificity, reinforcement, modeling, and rehearsals with a client as the workers learned each training method.  Along with their observed clinical skills, workers in the subset reported progressively less anxiety, greater effectiveness, and higher predictions of future success with the child protective services client.  Consumer feedback from all protective services workers supported the relevance, applicability, and value of clinical training.  Conclusion:  The behavioral training presented in this manuscript can be replicated in practice settings.  Innovating and evaluating child protective services curricula can be accomplished with single-system designs.
Article PDF: 32033.pdf  


Year: 2000 (Vol: 3 No: Page: 40)

Title: The Integration of Theory into Practice:  Suggestions for Supervisors
Author(s): Joan Beder
Abstract:  The mandate of the supervisor is to oversee the educational experience of the social worker.  This responsibility is multifaceted.  One important aspect of the job is to help the social worker integrate theoretical learning and practice.  This article will explore the value and necessity of integrating theory in the practice experience and will help supervisors to better identify their own theoretical orientation(s).  Suggestions for integration of theory into practice will be offered.
Article PDF: 32040.pdf  


Year: 2000 (Vol: 3 No: Page: 3)

Title: Editor's Introduction
Author(s): Seymour J.  Rosenthal
Abstract:  Notes from the Editor
Article PDF: 33003.pdf  


Year: 2000 (Vol: 3 No: Page: 5)

Title: Continuing Education Across Boundaries:  Exploring the International Exchange of Social Work Knowledge and Practices
Author(s): Beatrice  Traub-Werner
Abstract:  Commissioned Paper
Article PDF: 33005.pdf  


Year: 2000 (Vol: 3 No: Page: 9)

Title: The "Warmth" Profession:  Societal Perceptions of Social Work Practice
Author(s): Ronald E.  Hall
Abstract:  Perceptions of social Work evolved from a history of social services, including child welfare and mental health (Carlton-LaNey, 1999).  Yet, critics have challenged its occupational status as a profession.   According to critics, social work training is less rigorous, and its status less esteemed, giving its practitioners less right to privileged communication.  In the aftermath, social workers are perceived as warm but not particularly intelligent.  In fact, the generalist approach and grounding in ethics qualify social work training as rigorous and their practitioners as intelligent professionals.  By and large, social work has arrived at professional status.  However, it needs to further clarify and codify its technology.
Article PDF: 33009.pdf  


Year: 2000 (Vol: 3 No: Page: 18)

Title: Using Focus Groups to Design an Interagency Training Program for Child Welfare Workers
Author(s): Thomas Packard,  Loring Jones,   Elizabeth Gross, and  Melinda Hohman, and Terri Fong
Abstract:  A five-day interagency training program for child welfare, domestic violence, mental health, and substance abuse workers was conducted six times over two years.  Interagency collaboration was the underlying emphasis of the training.  To ensure the relevance and utility of the training, five focus groups were held with professionals from various disciplines and agency settings to receive suggestions on session content.  Themes included cultural factors, definitions, assessment, intervention methods, and available community resources.  Collaboration issues included roles, conflict resolution, consensus building, confidentiality, team building, and cultural dynamics.  The groups also seemed to serve a marketing function, creating interest in the training, and they helped reinforce the credibility of the trainers and their design.  Training content is identified and the focus group process should be of use to other training designers.
Article PDF: 33018.pdf  


Year: 2000 (Vol: 3 No: Page: 27)

Title: Exploring " The Managed Behavioral Health Care Provider Self-Perceived Competence Scale":  A Tool for Continuing Professional Education
Author(s): Michael L.  Hall and  Robert H.  Keefe
Abstract:  "The Managed Behavioral Health Care Provider Self-Perceived Competence Scale" was adapted from prior work on self-perceived competence and self-efficacy.  The adapted scale emerged from a sample of private practitioners surveyed for their responses to questions concerning their self-perceived competence in interacting with managed behavioral health care organizations.  The results indicate the development of a psychological dimension along which practitioners are operating as they balance their responsibilities to clients and managed care organizations.  Continuing education programs may wish to use the scale to assist in evaluating workshops for practitioners working with managed behavioral health care organizations.
Article PDF: 33027.pdf  


Year: 2000 (Vol: 3 No: Page: 37)

Title: Distance Education:  Teaching Practice Methods Using Interactive Television
Author(s): Christine Hagan Kleinpeter, and  Marilyn K.  Potts
Abstract:  This study compares 35 on-campus and 41 distance MSW students enrolled in two summer block practice methods courses.  The distance students were located at two rural universities linked through interactive television.  The comparison group was located at an urban university, taught in traditional classrooms.  Comparisons were made on student grades, faculty evaluations, and field instructors' evaluations.  Results indicate that no significant differences were found between on-campus and distance learners.
Article PDF: 33037.pdf  


Year: 2000 (Vol: 3 No: Page: 44)

Title: Social Development, Public Expenditure, and Participation:  The Sharing of Social Responsibility
Author(s): No Author
Abstract:  Registration Announcement
Article PDF: 33044.pdf  


Year: 2001 (Vol: 4 No: 1 Page: 3)

Title: Editor's Introduction
Author(s): Seymour J.  Rosenthal
Abstract:  Notes from the Editor
Article PDF: 41003.pdf  


Year: 2001 (Vol: 4 No: 1 Page: 5)

Title: Move from Social Justice to Human Rights Provides New Perspective
Author(s): Elisabeth  Reichert
Abstract:  Commissioned Paper
Article PDF: 41005.pdf  


Year: 2001 (Vol: 4 No: 1 Page: 14)

Title: Perceptions of Responsibility for the Acquisition of Skills and Knowledge in Current Service Environments
Author(s): Michael N.  Kane,  Elwood R. Hamlin II, and  Diane  Green
Abstract:  Social work practitioners and administrations in public, private-not-for-profit agencies (N=66) rated 23 skills and knowledge items identified by Vandivort-Warren (1996) as critically important to managed care and privatized service delivery environments.  Respondents ranked cultural competency (79%), systems thinking (77%), clinical case management (65%), client participation in treatment (64%), and practical research shills (58%) as the most important skill and knowledge items.  Respondents believed it was the responsibility of the University to provide knowledge and skills training for these items. Items with lower ranking were viewed as a collaborative educational responsibility between the university and the agency.  All knowledge and skills listed were analyzed in relation to gender, venue of instruction, employment setting and agency type.  Implications for classroom, filed, and continuing education are discussed.
Article PDF: 41014.pdf  


Year: 2001 (Vol: 4 No: 1 Page: 23)

Title: Re-thinking South Korea's Special Graduate Education as a Continuing Education Resource
Author(s): Junseob  Shin
Abstract:  The need for continuing social work education in South Korea is growing.  A rapid expansion of social work education during the 1980s produced a large number of practicing social workers in the field.  Some of them are currently at the middle-management level in a variety of social work agencies.  Continuing education programs for social workers in the filed, however, have not been well developed.  Based on a survey of 216 graduate students enrolled in both general master's programs and special graduate programs in social work, this study analyzed characteristics and functions of each program.  An exploration of the special graduate program as a continuing education resource was then approached, and possible implications for activating continuing education in South Korea were drawn.
Article PDF: 41023.pdf  


Year: 2001 (Vol: 4 No: 1 Page: 32)

Title: Using a Pretest-Posttest Design to Evaluate Continuing Education Programs
Author(s): Thomas R.  Barton,  Tracy J. Dietz and  Linda L. Holloway
Abstract:  To retain licensure or certification, social workers throughout the nation are required to participate in continuing education programs that, at a minimum, attempt to impact new knowledge.  The pretest-posttest design is a simple, yet methodologically flawed, way to evaluate such programs.  Reported are the results of an experiment that evaluated the impact "testing" has on pretest-posttest evaluations.  We find that participants who completed both a pretest and posttest have virtually the same posttest scores as participants who completed only a posttest.  Findings suggest that this design can be used to conduct meaningful evaluations of programs intending to increase participant's knowledge.
Article PDF: 41032.pdf  


Year: 2001 (Vol: 4 No: 1 Page: 40)

Title: Inside-Outside:  Boundary-Spanning Challenges in Building Rural Health Coalitions
Author(s): Judith M. Dunlop, and  Brent  Angell
Abstract:  Trends in reforming human services systems challenge social workers to become effective boundary spanners.  As government strategies of decentralization and devolution are implemented, social workers interested in leadership roles will need to understand how to manage the multiple external organizational relationships created by coalition building.  This paper presents a conceptual framework for understanding boundary-spanning functions and issues, applies this framework to rural health coalitions, and offers guidelines for teaching about how community practitioners, as boundary spanners, can be more effective in managing the institutional and interpersonal relations involved in coalition building. An understanding  of the dual roles that social workers play inside their own organizations and outside- as members of coalitions- offers an opportunity for social workers in rural health settings to play a major leadership role in building collaborative networks.
Article PDF: 41040.pdf  


Year: 2001 (Vol: 4 No: 2 Page: 3)

Title: Editor's Introduction
Author(s): Seymour J.  Rosenthal
Abstract:  Notes from the Editor
Article PDF: 42003.pdf  


Year: 2001 (Vol: 4 No: 2 Page: 5)

Title: September 11, 2001:  Implications for Social Work Practice and Education
Author(s): Joshua  Miller
Abstract:  Commissioned Paper
Article PDF: 42005.pdf  


Year: 2001 (Vol: 4 No: 2 Page: 15)

Title: Developing or Enhancing Interdisciplinary Programs:  A Model for Teaching Collaboration
Author(s): Michelle P. Maidenberg, and Toby Golick
Abstract:  This article explores the process and outcome of an interdisciplinary project titled "Law $ Social Work Housing/Home Care Project".  This project was developed within the setting of a law school to provide social work and law students the opportunity to work together to assist vulnerable clients in need of both legal and social work services.  This article describes how the project was developed and provides examples of clients served at the clinic.  In addition, problems are identified that effect the ability of social work and law students to work collaboratively.  Recommendations are provided by professionals in the field, former students at the clinic, and supervisors of the programs, in a effort to increase teamwork.  This article describes a model for teaching collaboration when seeking to develop or enhance interdisciplinary programs within organizations.  The hope is that detailing this experience will be of help to others who decide to replicate this model, or establish similar collaborations within an organization that employs professionals.
Article PDF: 42015.pdf  


Year: 2001 (Vol: 4 No: 2 Page: 25)

Title: Demystifying Client-Outcomes:  Identifying, Monitoring, and Using Client Outcomes in Child Protection
Author(s): Pat Litzelfelner, and John H.  Pierpont
Abstract:  Social work education programs invariably include courses in research methods.  These courses may or may not include information about how to develop, measure, and monitor client outcomes.  Nonetheless, when social workers enter the field, they will ultimately be faced with the responsibility of  identifying program goals and objectives and monitoring client outcomes.  This article describes the various processes pertaining to developing, measuring, and reporting client outcomes.  Using child protective services as an exemplar, a model for initial development and use of client outcomes is presented.  Implications for continuing education in social work are presented.
Article PDF: 42025.pdf  


Year: 2001 (Vol: 4 No: 2 Page: 32)

Title: Public-Private Mentoring for Leadership and Service Quality
Author(s): Michael J. Kelly and  Michael L. Lauderdale
Abstract:  This paper describes a mentoring program for public and private sector managers to introduce leadership shills and total quality management (TQM) methods.  Managers experienced with TQM in the private sector were matched with public managers and guided through a joint systematic development process to transfer leadership and quality management skills.  The multi-year project was designed and supported by the professional continuing education staff of a research university with state and foundation funding.  Evaluation results suggest that the project was successful, even though most of the mentoring relationships did not last throughout the project.
Article PDF: 42032.pdf  


Year: 2001 (Vol: 4 No: 2 Page: 42)

Title: Social Work Practitioners and Technology Transfer
Author(s): Anna Scheyett,  Amelia C.  Roberts,  and  Raymond Kirk
Abstract:  The application of new skills and interventions into the practice community is often slow and haphazard.  A coaching intervention is proposed to augment traditional social work education techniques and maximize the integration of new knowledge into social work practice.  This coaching model includes assessment of a practitioner's readiness for change, stage-wise coaching interventions, assessment of organizational barriers to the transfer of new information, and development of strategies to address these barriers.  Implications for social work professionals development and future research are discussed.
Article PDF: 42042.pdf  


Year: 2001 (Vol: 4 No: 2 Page: 54)

Title: Distance and On-Campus MSW Students:  How They Perform and What They Tell Us
Author(s): Agathi Glezakos, and  Cheryl D. Lee
Abstract:  The debate over quality of distance education (DE) in social work programs is ongoing.  In an attempt to assess the relative merits of this emerging pedagogy, a questionnaire was administered to 56 DE and 44 on-campus (OC), graduating students.  The instrument assessed practice competencies in the domains of knowledge, values, and skill.  There were no differences between the two groups.  In addition, the DE students were asked to rank their required courses for goodness of fit for DE instruction.  Research and thesis courses were ranked as the least appropriate.  Recommendations include, increasing the amount of DE programs, development of refined outcome assessment tools, and continued research.
Article PDF: 42054.pdf  


Year: 2002 (Vol: 4 and 5 No: 3 and 1 Page: 3)

Title: Editor's Introduction
Author(s): Seymour J. Rosenthal
Abstract:  Notes from the Editor
Article PDF: 51003.pdf  


Year: 2002 (Vol: 4 and 5 No: 3 and 1 Page: 4)

Title: A Time To Support Fatherhood
Author(s): James Dudley  and  Jay Fagan
Abstract:  Commissioned Paper
Article PDF: 51004.pdf  


Year: 2002 (Vol: 4 and 5 No: 3 and 1 Page: 16)

Title: Federal and State Policy Initiatives to Strengthen Fatherhood:  Issues and Implications for Practitioners
Author(s): Sean E. Brotherson, and  Joseph M.  White
Abstract:  The exploration of ideas and mechanisms for assisting men in their paternal responsibilities encompasses a wide range of possibilities.  Demonstration research projects, grassroots educational programs, and community-led initiatives all have a role in shaping father's lives and activities.  The development of state and federal-level policy approaches to strengthen fatherhood is an important trend among these efforts.  This paper provides a brief conceptual and historical perspective on public policy initiatives related to fatherhood, reviews the status of current federal and state policy initiatives to strengthen fatherhood, and discusses implications for practitioners working in contexts where responsible fatherhood is an issue, including work with low-income fathers, teen fathers, incarcerated fathers, and fathers in other circumstances.
Article PDF: 51016.pdf  


Year: 2002 (Vol: 4 and 5 No: 3 and 1 Page: 35)

Title: Becoming the North Carolina Fatherhood Initiative:  A Work in Progress
Author(s): G. Stan Meloy
Abstract:  This article describes the evolving experience of one program director responding to the call to establish a "fatherhood initiative" in Davidson County, North Carolina.  The fatherhood imitative described herein is one of the numerous initiative currently being implemented across the country to assist fathers and families.  The author assumes a personal narrative writing style to relate those frustrations and joys, challenges and breakthroughs, and successes and failures that are likely to occur in other such enterprises.
Article PDF: 51035.pdf  


Year: 2002 (Vol: 4 and 5 No: 3 and 1 Page: 45)

Title: Perspectives of a Reform Commission:  Ensuring the Role of Fathers in Their Children's Lives
Author(s): Kathleen A. Clark and  Randall W. Leite
Abstract:  In 1998, the 122nd General Assembly of the State of Ohio created the Ohio Task Force on Family Law and Children (TASK FORCE).  The General Assembly had concluded that the parent-child relationship is of fundamental importance to the welfare of a child, and that the relationship between a child and each parent should be fostered unless inconsistent with the child's best interest.  The Task Force was instructed to make recommendations on how to create a more civilized and constructive parenting process for children whose parents do not reside together.  Qualitative and quantitative data regarding the impact of separation and divorce upon childhood development was obtained through six months of testimony from locally and nationally recognized experts and through reviews of the latest research findings.  This article synthesizes the data concerning the importance of the father-child relationship, and delineates the role of social workers in a task force.
Article PDF: 51045.pdf  


Year: 2002 (Vol: 4 and 5 No: 3 and 1 Page: 57)

Title: Nonresidential Never-Married Fathers:  Policy Advocacy Opportunities
Author(s): Glenn Stone
Abstract:  The issue related to divorced fathers and their children have received considerable attention in the research literature.  We have grown in our understanding of how to improve the post-divorce relationship between father, child, and mother.  However, much less attention has been paid to the issues faced by nonresidential never-married fathers and their children.  This is unfortunate, for the rate of children born into never-married relationships in on the rise.  It is the purpose of this paper to provide a clearer picture of the issues faced by these fathers.  In addition, this paper will explore micro and macro practice suggestions that could prove useful in maintaining a positive relationship between the nonresidential never-married father and his child, and the child's mother.  Furthermore, the information provided in this paper could serve as a valuable aid in the professional development of social work practitioners, who need information on how to best serve these fathers.
Article PDF: 51057.pdf  


Year: 2002 (Vol: 4 and 5 No: 3 and 1 Page: 70)

Title: Social Work Strategies for Sustaining Paternal Involvement among Unwed Fathers: Insights from Field Research
Author(s): Waldo E.  Johnson
Abstract:  In-depth interviews with a Chicago sub-sample of both unwed fathers and mothers in the Fragile Families and Child Well-being Study, conducted at six weeks and again at three months following the focal child's birth, builds upon subsequent survey analysis examining paternal involvement among unwed parents.  Collectively, the findings from a conceptual framework for examining and facilitating paternal involvement and family development via the couple relationship context.  Social work practice strategies, building upon a strength-based perspective, are proposed with a focus on engaging an often overlooked and underserved member of the family in professional practice and advocacy-the unwed father.  Findings are directed toward the development of promising social work interventions for children and families, while simultaneously advancing the aim of social work practice.
Article PDF: 51070.pdf  


Year: 2002 (Vol: 4 and 5 No: 3 and 1 Page: 84)

Title: Fatherhood Websites
Author(s): Appendix
Abstract:  Appendix
Article PDF: 51084.pdf  


Year: 2002 (Vol: 4 and 5 No: 3 and 1 Page: 85)

Title: Book Reviews
Author(s): Reviewed by William D. Allen and Albert E. Wilkerson
Abstract:  Book Review
Article PDF: 51085.pdf  


Year: 2002 (Vol: 5 No: 2 Page: 3)

Title: Editor's Introduction
Author(s): Seymour J.   Rosenthal
Abstract:  Notes from the Editor
Article PDF: 52003.pdf  


Year: 2002 (Vol: 5 No: 2 Page: 4)

Title: Observations from the Field of Faith-Based Organizing:  Revitalizing Social Work Skills in Policy and Social Action
Author(s): Janice M. Staral
Abstract:  Commissioned Paper
Article PDF: 52004.pdf  


Year: 2002 (Vol: 5 No: 2 Page: 15)

Title: Which Clinical Methods Are Associated with Better Preparing Social Work Students and Practitioners for Managed Care, State Licensing, and Other Important Practice Areas?
Author(s): Michael N.  Kane, Elwood R. Hamlin, and  Wesley E. Hawkins
Abstract:  The purpose of this study was to identify which clinical methods were perceived as the most effective in preparing social work students and practitioners for the practice areas of managed care, state licensing, and others.  The clinical methods were identified by ratings from a statewide sample (n=260) of licensed clinical social workers practicing in Florida in 2002.  Canonical correlation analysis (variant 1 ) found that the clinical methods of (1) task/secondary supervision in the filed, (2) student reports/papers to the instructor, and (3) observation/feedback of client interviews in the filed were significantly related to perceived higher levels of preparedness for work overall in managed care environments and for the specific skill of documentation.  A second canonical variant found the clinical methods of (1) process recording, (2) audio-tapes, and (3) task/secondary supervision were inversely correlated to higher levels of preparedness for overall clinical social work practice and the state licensing exam.  Implications and future research are discussed.
Article PDF: 52015.pdf  


Year: 2002 (Vol: 5 No: 2 Page: 28)

Title: How Victim Assistance Experts Rate Social Work Competencies for Professional Practice
Author(s): Fran S. Danis
Abstract:  Crime victim assistance is an emerging field of practice. If social workers are interested in working with crime victims, what knowledge and skills do they need?  Is there a fit between generalist social work competencies and those needed for work in this field?  An expert panel of victim assistance professionals rated generalist social work competencies for their relative important for practice with crime victims.  The panel findings provide the social work profession with specific information on both the generalist and specific competencies necessary for practice with crime victims.  Implications for professional development are discussed.
Article PDF: 52028.pdf  


Year: 2002 (Vol: 5 No: 2 Page: 38)

Title: Integrating Standardized Measures into Social Work Practice:  An Exploratory Study of BSW, MSW, and Continuing Education Curricula
Author(s): Susan  Dennison
Abstract:  Increased demand for rapid assessments, short term treatment, and ongoing evaluation of client progress have necessitated that social workers more fully integrate standardized measures into their practice.  Historically, however, the social work profession has not provided formal training on the use of standardized scales to students or practitioners.  In this current outcome-based environment, social work education programs and social service agencies need to update their training to ensure that this area of practice is addressed.  This article reports the results of a nationwide survey of BSW and MSW programs that examined: (1) whether standardized measures were addressed in the current curricula; (2) the instructional formats being used; (3) how important social work educators view the inclusion of this material in courses; and (4) concerns that have surfaced around the integration of standardized measures into social work curricula.  Implications for future research and training needs are outlined for both social work education programs and social service organizations.
Article PDF: 52038.pdf  


Year: 2002 (Vol: 5 No: 2 Page: 46)

Title: Focus Groups:  A Qualitative Solution Model of Evaluating a Web-Enhanced MSW Course
Author(s): Janaki  Santhiveeran
Abstract:  The purpose of this study is to evaluate a web-enhanced MSW course, to discuss focus group methodology for a solution model of evaluation, and to present findings and implications for continuing social work education.  Overall, the students were very positive about the web-enhancements.  Student benefits included the increased access to the instructor and ongoing feedback from the instructor.  The challenges included time demands, task difficulty, technological challenges, and access.  The students identified course documents, teacher's corner, and the digital drop box as the most useful web components.  Small group pages were rated as the least useful component.
Article PDF: 52046.pdf  


Year: 2002 (Vol: 5 No: 3 Page: 3)

Title: Editor's Introduction
Author(s): Seymour J. Rosenthal
Abstract:  Notes from the Editor
Article PDF: 53003.pdf  


Year: 2002 (Vol: 5 No: 3 Page: 4)

Title: Workplace Mobbing:  A new Frontier for the Social Work Profession
Author(s): Elisabeth Reichert
Abstract:  Commissioned Paper
Article PDF: 53004.pdf  


Year: 2002 (Vol: 5 No: 3 Page: 13)

Title: There is More Translation Than Words:  Social Work Continuing Education Presentations in Foreign Language Countries
Author(s): Ellen M.  Burkemper, Marla Berg-Weger, and Kathleen J. Welshimer
Abstract:  This paper suggest that there are a number of action tasks that social workers should engage in to prepare for the delivery of professional development seminars in foreign language countries.  The action tasks include: selecting a translator, adjusting one's presentation to the limitations of translation, preparing with the translator, keeping the audience's attention, and finally, the importance of building a relationship with the translator.
Article PDF: 53013.pdf  


Year: 2002 (Vol: 5 No: 3 Page: 20)

Title: Interdisciplinary Teamwork in Community Children's Mental Health: An Innovative Field Model
Author(s): Kellie Reed-Ashcraft, Douglas A. Waring, Cynthia Blanchard Kittle and John Turner
Abstract:  The need for staff trained in interdisciplinary settings is increasing in human services.  Unfortunately, little discussion is made between teams that are multidisciplinary, and teams that are interdisciplinary.  This article describes an interdisciplinary, internship effort in which social work and other students had opportunities to participate with various community multi- and interdisciplinary groups working with children with serious emotional disturbances and their families.  The authors also describe the educational focus on delineating multi-versus interdisciplinary groups, and they present evaluation findings of these efforts.  Finally, suggestions are provided for improving interdisciplinary educational opportunities in future community-based children's mental health initiatives.
Article PDF: 53020.pdf  


Year: 2002 (Vol: 5 No: 3 Page: 29)

Title: A Survey of County Public Child Welfare Agencies:  Implications for Distance Learning
Author(s): Helen E. Petracchi
Abstract:  Research on the potential utilization of multimedia in the distance education of public child welfare workers is extremely limited.  This paper describes a survey of the presence of available information technology in Pennsylvania's 67 public child welfare agencies, with special attention paid to administrative attitudes and impact of this technology on distance education opportunities for the social workers in these agencies.  With an 87 percent response rate, survey results suggest the technical capacity for onsite distance education of Pennsylvania's public child welfare workers exists, in an environment in which there is also administrative support for this approach to training delivery.
Article PDF: 53029.pdf  


Year: 2002 (Vol: 5 No: 3 Page: 37)

Title: Creating a Web-Based Child Welfare Certificate Program:  A collaborative Approach
Author(s): Sally G. Mathiesen, Thomas E. Smith, Pamela W. Graham, Lisa D. Barbanell, and Scottye J. Cash
Abstract:  This paper summarizes the technological challenges and lessons learned during a three-year project that included the development of a child welfare certificate program offered to experienced practitioners and degree-seeking.  The complex process of collaborating with multiple systems is described in this case example.  The paper focuses on the following categories: (a) getting started (assessment of needs and capabilities of all systems); (b) the technological structure of the resulting certificate program; and © lessons learned and recommendations for those beginning similar projects.
Article PDF: 53037.pdf  


Year: 2002 (Vol: 5 No: 3 Page: 47)

Title: Book Review
Author(s): Reviewed by Edward Newman
Abstract:  Book Review
Article PDF: 53047.pdf  


Year: 2003 (Vol: 6 No: 1, 2 Page: 5)

Title: Editor's Introduction
Author(s): Seymour J. Rosenthal
Abstract:  Notes from the Editor
Article PDF: 62005.pdf  


Year: 2003 (Vol: 6 No: 1, 2 Page: 6)

Title: Perspective From The Field
Author(s): Ira Schwartz
Abstract:  Editorial
Article PDF: 62006.pdf  


Year: 2003 (Vol: 6 No: 1, 2 Page: 7)

Title: Guest Editor's Overview
Author(s): Michael J. Kelly, and Paul Sundet
Abstract:  Editorial
Article PDF: 62007.pdf  


Year: 2003 (Vol: 6 No: 1, 2 Page: 10)

Title: Quality Improvement Centers on Child Protective Services and Adoption:  Testing a Regionalized Approach to Building the Evidence Base- A Federal Perspective
Author(s): Melissa Lim Brodowski,  Sally Flanzer, Catherine Nolan, and Elyse Kaye
Abstract:  Each year, the U. S. Department of Health and Human Services, Administration for Children and Families, Children's Bureau spends approximately $110 million on discretionary activities to fund a variety of research and demonstration grants, training and technical assistance cooperative agreements, and multi-year research contracts with the purpose of building the knowledge base for child abuse and neglect and child welfare services.  As part of this effort, the Children's Bureau manages more than 200 grants, cooperative agreements, contracts, and interagency agreements, with most individual awards ranging from $100,000 to several million dollars per year.  Each project is testing a specific research question or service model, covering a wide range of topics related to child maltreatment, child protective services, child welfare, adoption, and child abuse and neglect prevention, treatment, and intervention  (U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, 2003).  This article presents a more in-depth discussion on the Quality Improvement Center Projects.
Article PDF: 62010.pdf  


Year: 2003 (Vol: 6 No: 1, 2 Page: 17)

Title: Adventures in Partnership:  Using Learning Laboratories to Enhance Frontline Supervision in Child Welfare
Author(s): Crystal Collins-Camargo and Chris Groeber
Abstract:  The Children's Bureau established Quality Improvement Centers to fund regional research projects to improve child welfare practices.  The Southern Regional Quality Improvement Centers conducted a multi-faceted needs assessment to identify casework supervision as the focus area for four learning laboratories.  These projects are researching the effectiveness of clinical supervision in reducing preventable turnover and enhancing worker practice and client outcomes.  Public/university/community partnerships conduct the planning, implementation and evaluation of each site's professional development intervention.  This article will describe the model used to promote the development of learning laboratories, and the design for inter-project collaboration and cross-site evaluation.
Article PDF: 62017.pdf  


Year: 2003 (Vol: 6 No: 1, 2 Page: 32)

Title: Meeting Transformational Challenges:  Continuing Education and Leadership
Author(s): Michael J. Kelly and Michael L. Lauderdale
Abstract:  Organizations and leadership are faced with challenges different for any of those of the 20th century.  Changes in the fundamental relationships between all formal organizations and their environments are most pronounced in well developed countries.  The first year of the 21st century appears to have signaled the end of a two-decade-long economic boom and ushered in shrinkage of federal, state, local and non-profit spending.  Organizations have adjusted by reducing the workforce or discontinuing programs.  Important alternatives exist, but they require creating new structures that can transform existing organizations to re-couple with the environment in a way that can cope with these new circumstances.  Professional continuing education has important roles to play in creating transformational organizations through developing the tools and training the leaders.  The authors' experience with the survey of organizational excellence (SOE) and related tools may provide an example of how this can be done.
Article PDF: 62032.pdf  


Year: 2003 (Vol: 6 No: 1, 2 Page: 40)

Title: Alabama-Mississippi Child Protective Service Casework Supervision Project
Author(s): Kimberly K. Shackelford and Nancy G. Payne
Abstract:  The University of Alabama and the University of Mississippi presented the project design and first-tear activities regarding their joint Child Protective Service Casework Supervision Project.  Each state child protection agency chose intervention groups and control groups of supervisors for research regarding the effect of the learning labs on staff turnover, client outcomes, organizational culture, and social worker self-efficacy.  The Alabama-Mississippi project has been designed to promote evidence-based practice and to help supervisors understand their role in effecting organizational change.
Article PDF: 62040.pdf  


Year: 2003 (Vol: 6 No: 1, 2 Page: 47)

Title: Power to the People: Allowing DHR Workers to Define Aspects of Effective Supervision
Author(s): Joshua Baldwin and Josephine Pryce
Abstract:  This article outlines the first phase of a five-year project that examines supervision and supervisory techniques.  First- and second- year social work master's students on academic leave from Alabama's Department of Human Resources participated in a free listing task and focus group session to develop a list of topics that the students identified as important to effective supervision.  These tasks resulted in a list of 40 topics that will be sorted and ranked by child welfare supervisors in Alabama and Mississippi.  The goal of these tasks is to contribute to the development of curriculum for supervisors learning labs.
Article PDF: 62047.pdf  


Year: 2003 (Vol: 6 No: 1, 2 Page: 52)

Title: Improving Clinical Supervisory Practice in Front Line CPS Supervisors:  A Mentoring Model
Author(s): Carol Griffin and Debbie Schiell
Abstract:  The Arkansas Division of Children and Family Services and IV-E training partners are implementing a model of supervision.  This model will incorporate the international and educational components described by Shulman (1993) and Munson (1995) where supervision reflects the parallel process between worker-supervisor and worker-client relationship, along with the support element provide through a mentor.  Specific techniques will be implemented, with the goal of improving the supervisor's knowledge and ability to enhance the supervisee's assessment shills.  Worker will benefit from regular, structured, supportive contact with the supervisor that will improve the relationship between the worker and the supervisor.  In theory, the enhanced relationship will result in greater job satisfaction and a decrease in worker turnover.
Article PDF: 62052.pdf  


Year: 2003 (Vol: 6 No: 1, 2 Page: 57)

Title: The Arkansas Mentoring Family Service Workers Supervisors Project:  Process and Outcome Evaluation
Author(s): Kenneth I. Millar, Debbie Shiell and Pat Page
Abstract:  This article provides an overview of the evaluation plan for the Arkansas Mentoring Family Service Worker Supervisors Project.  The evaluation will consist of two primary components:  an ongoing assessment process (formative evaluation) that will review the defined set of activities detailed in the project model and a summative assessment that will consider pre- and post- survey, the performance changes which occurred throughout the process, and time management and efficiency issues with respect to supervision and worker performance.
Article PDF: 62057.pdf  


Year: 2003 (Vol: 6 No: 1, 2 Page: 60)

Title: The Role Demonstration Model of Supervision
Author(s): Paul A. Sundet, Joanne Mermelstein and  J. Wilson Watt
Abstract:  Concern for the quality and effectiveness of child welfare supervision in Missouri has been a joint concern of the state agency and the University of Missouri-Columbia School of Social Work for some time.  Twenty years ago these organizations collaborated on an intensive training project in this arena, the remnants of which are still impacting the system.  Attempts to revive that initiative have since been hampered by the paucity of funds.  However, when the Children's Bureau funded opportunity through the Quality Improvement Center at the University of Kentucky presented itself, both the administration of the Missouri Department of Social Services and the School of Social Work saw a long sought for resource to draw on to address one of the most pressing workforce needs in this state.  The challenges of developing a coherent model of supervision, imparting it to staff and rigorously evaluating its impact are considerable, but ones that the partners have eagerly accepted.  The following paper details the model chosen, its rationale and strategies chosen for implementation.
Article PDF: 62060.pdf  


Year: 2003 (Vol: 6 No: 1, 2 Page: 68)

Title: Evaluating Missouri CPS Supervisory Development Project
Author(s): Carrie Bolm,  Lesley Pettit,  Michael Kelly, and  Dale Wolchko
Abstract:  This article is an overview of the plan for the Missouri child protective services supervisory development project.  The CPS project is one of four funded through the Southern Regional Quality Improvement Center at the University of Kentucky to test alternative models of structured supervisory training and development.  The article describes the model employed in the evaluation and the specific measures to be used.  It also describes the cooperation between the state child welfare agency and the university in development of this "learning laboratory" project and some challenges of conduction action research.
Article PDF: 62068.pdf  


Year: 2003 (Vol: 6 No: 1, 2 Page: 74)

Title: The Tennessee Child Protective Services Supervisors Development Project
Author(s): Jenny L. Jones, M. Denise Alexander, and  Nancy Patterson
Abstract:  Child welfare agencies around the country face a number challenges recruiting and retaining case workers.  Frontline supervision has been highlighted in the literature as a major contributor to worker satisfaction and retention of caseworker in private and public child welfare agencies, particularly among child protective services caseworkers.  The purpose of this article is to present an effective training model that address supervision issues with frontline child protective services supervisors.  Furthermore, this model will seek to strengthen and expand a coordinated approach to casework supervision of frontline child protective services supervisors.
Article PDF: 62074.pdf  


Year: 2003 (Vol: 6 No: 1, 2 Page: 79)

Title: The Tennessee Child Protective Services Supervisors Development Project:  Evaluating Process, Outcome, and the Role of Secondary Traumatic Stress and Burnout
Author(s): Brian E. Bride, and Jenny L. Jones, Samuel A. MacMaster, and Suzanne Shatila
Abstract:  This article provides an overview of the evaluation plan for the Tennessee Child Protective Services Supervisors Development Project.  Specifically, it describes three primary components of the evaluation design: process evaluation, outcome evaluation, and examination of the role of secondary traumatic stress and burnout.  Further, this article describes our plan to use a Web-based survey and the instruments selected for data collection.
Article PDF: 62079.pdf  


Year: 2003 (Vol: 6 No: 3 Page: 3)

Title: Editor's Introduction
Author(s): Seymour J. Rosenthal
Abstract:  Notes from the Editor
Article PDF: 63003.pdf  


Year: 2003 (Vol: 6 No: 3 Page: 4)

Title: An Assessment of Multicultural Competence in Supervision:  Implications for Continuing Education
Author(s): Sharon Hines Smith
Abstract:  Commissioned Paper
Article PDF: 63004.pdf  


Year: 2003 (Vol: 6 No: 3 Page: 13)

Title: The Emerging Field of Crime Victim Assistance:  Are Social Workers Ready?
Author(s): Fran S. Danis
Abstract:  Assistance to victims of violent crimes is an emerging field of practice undergoing growth and expansion.  Given a fit between social work generalist competencies and competencies needed for victim assistance, how well prepared are social workers for working with crime victims?  A statewide survey of professional social workers was conducted to assess their academic preparation and their self-identified training needs.  Despite a lack of specific course work, social workers have a great deal of experience in working with victims of violence.  Survey respondents were also interested in a variety of topics focusing on direct practice with crime victims.
Article PDF: 63013.pdf  


Year: 2003 (Vol: 6 No: 3 Page: 20)

Title: The Importance of Including Supervisors When Evaluating Child Welfare Workers' Training
Author(s): Susan E. Mason, Heidi Heft LaPorte, and  Arthur Frankel
Abstract:  Child welfare professional workers and their supervisors responded to surveys on training effectiveness three months after a series of staff development seminars.  Participants in the seminars, which took place in the New York Metropolitan area in 1998-1999, volunteered the names of their agency supervisors and agreed that both they and their supervisors would be asked to complete a follow-up questionnaire on how attendee's professional behavior may have changed related to the staff developing training.  A total of 285 trainees and 115 supervisors returned mailed surveys with response rates of 82% and 47%, respectively.  Training participants were more than their supervisors to think that co-workers and supervisors noticed changes in their work.  Both groups thought that the training benefited clients but there was no formalized way of documenting this finding.  Professional; workers and their supervisors favored additional training even when perceptions of efficacy differed.  This article demonstrates that in child welfare settings, workers and their supervisors may hold disparate perceptions about that good communication between professional workers and supervisors coupled with articulated and measurable agency goals would go a long way to enhance the long-term effectiveness of staff development.
Article PDF: 63020.pdf  


Year: 2003 (Vol: 6 No: 3 Page: 29)

Title: Protective Services Caseworker's Understanding of the DSM:  Improving Risk Assessment through Professional Development Training
Author(s): Jennifer C. Davidson, and  Joanne Levine
Abstract:  Child and adult protective services caseworkers must be capable of understanding relevant information for risk assessment and care plans found in mental health evaluations that are formulated from informative provided in the Diagnostic and Statistics Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV-TR).  The literature suggests that many caseworkers are not trained to understand mental health assessments and the DSM-IV-TR.  Therefore, the vulnerable clients that these caseworkers serve may not receive optimal care.  This article describes a professional development training module, designed to respond to this gap in training and knowledge often reported about protective services workers.  The article provides an overview of the module as well as experiential exercises based on adult learning principles, which may support the transfer of participant's learning from the training room to their casework practice.  The article also discusses the participant's ratings of satisfaction with this module, which indicated they perceived it as highly relevant.
Article PDF: 63029.pdf  


Year: 2003 (Vol: 6 No: 3 Page: 39)

Title: The Impact of Training on Worker Performance and Retention:  Perceptions of Child Welfare Supervisors
Author(s): Theresa Tellers-Rogers,  Eileen Mayers Pasztor, and Christine B.  Kleinpeter
Abstract:  This study examined the impact of training on children's social workers performance and retention.  One hundred and thirty supervisors of the Loa Angles County Department of Children and Family Services were surveyed.  Results revealed that supportive supervision and caseload/workload size contribute most to worker performance and retention.\, and were more important than pre-service or in-service training.  Seventy percent of the respondents indicated that training has an overall positive effect on worker retention.
Article PDF: 63039.pdf  

Year: 2004 (Vol: 7 No: Page: 3)

Title: Editor's Introduction
Author(s): Seymour J. Rosenthal
Abstract:  Notes from the Editor
Article PDF: 71003.pdf  


Year: 2004 (Vol: 7 No: Page: 4)

Title: Distance Education Evaluation:  The Second Cohort
Author(s): Christine B. Kleinpeter and  Marilyn K.  Potts
Abstract:  This paper describes a three-year, part time distance education (DE) program taught using a combination of face-to-face and interactive television (ITV) methods.  This is a partial replication study, which describes results from the second cohort of a large DE program.  The results from the first cohort are described elsewhere (Potts & Hagan, 2000).  The present study will focus on students characteristics, student satisfaction levels, and academic and field work evaluations. Implications for social work education are discussed.
Article PDF: 71004.pdf  


Year: 2004 (Vol: 7 No: Page: 14)

Title: Implementing Policy Change:  Assessing Training Needs in Addictions, Treatment and Criminal Justice Collaboratives
Author(s): Melinda Hohman, Stanley Weisner, and  Virginia Chalmers
Abstract:  The Substance Abuse and Crime Prevention Act of 2000, passed by California voters, offers non-violent drug offenders treatment instead of incarceration.  In a training needs assessment, 57 county oversight collaborative teams were interviewed in a focus group format to determine concerns in policy implementation and subsequent training needs.  A content analysis of the focus group discussions found that team members were concerned about clients with complex problems, lack of available treatment options, and interagency collaboration.  Training needs identified included motivating clients and working in a collaborative fashion due to the multiple agencies involved in this Act.
Article PDF: 71014.pdf  


Year: 2004 (Vol: 7 No: Page: 24)

Title: CE Online:  Use it or Lose It
Author(s): Paul Dezendorf, Ronald K. Green and  Ronald Krul
Abstract:  This article describes historical periods in the later 30 Years of the 20th Century in the development of U.S. continuing social work education, highlights the flexibility and adaption of programs to changes, and suggests that the current period contains the greatest challenge to date in the form of CE online.  The article suggests that while programs enjoy increased demand they also face greater competition, more specialization, and pressure for lower costs while at the same time the development of CE online threatens to fundamentally alter their marketplace.  The article provides recommendations for reacting to this new reality.
Article PDF: 71024.pdf  


Year: 2004 (Vol: 7 No: Page: 35)

Title: Developing and Implementing Outcomes Training in the Filed of Family Support:  A Case Example
Author(s): Kellie Reed-Ashcraft,  W. Reid Smithdeal,  Cynthia B. Kittle,  Nancy Sharma, and  David McClune
Abstract:  As family support programs grow in importance, North Carolina established a management information system to provide information for the purposes of management and evaluation of their family support-family resource programs.  This article describes a training effort developed by a state university on behalf of the state to provide an outcome-focused training to the local programs.  Included was training of various levels of staff on the North Carolina Family Support Outcome Scales and definitions, the management information system, and outcome's identification.  Results showed that the training was well received.  Suggestions are given for future training in the area of family support.
Article PDF: 71035.pdf  


Year: 2004 (Vol: 7 No: Page: 42)

Title: At the Border: Beginning Dialogue and Partnership Bewteen a California University and a Mexican Practice Community
Author(s): Sally G. Mathiesen, Terry Carrilio, Lucinda Rasmussen, David Engstrom
Abstract:  A developmental model for international engagement is presented that incorporates key issues in the literature, including the need for faculty and practitioner expertise, challenges of international field placements, and reciprocity in partnerships. A case study is presented demonstrating a continuing education response to the knowledge, skills and values demanded by the unique environment of the California-Mexico border region. The initial dialogues and developing relationship between a California university and social work practitioners resulted in reciprocal goal setting, visits to each country's social service agencies, steps toward international student exchanges, increased involvement of staff, faculty, students and community practitioners on both sides of the border, and a binational roundtable conference.
Article PDF: 71042.pdf  


Year: 2004 (Vol: 7 No: Page: 3)

Title: Editor's Introduction
Author(s): Seymour J. Rosenthal
Abstract:  Notes from the Editor
Article PDF: 72003.pdf  


Year: 2004 (Vol: 7 No: Page: 4)

Title: Evaluation of a Social Work Continuing Education Curriculum in End-of-the-Life Care
Author(s): Ellen L. Csikai and Mary Raymer
Abstract:  In response to the educational needs of social workers for competence in end-of-life care, a data-driven continuing education curriculum was developed, pilot-tested, and evaluated using multiple methods.  A one-day seminar covered a range of topics, and was delivered primarily by a team of practitioners experienced in end-of-life and palliative care.  Attendees rated both the comprehensiveness of content and effectiveness of delivery approach high, in the course evaluation, and suggested expansion of the curriculum into a two-day seminar to allow for additional content and more time for discussion.
Article PDF: 72004.pdf  


Year: 2004 (Vol: 7 No: Page: 12)

Title: The Views of NASW Members in One State Toward Social Action
Author(s): Janet C. Dickinson
Abstract:  This 2003 survey of one states NASW members explores the relationship between attitudes about social action and various demographic variables.  The response rate was 41 percent.  There was strong support for social action on the part if individuals , the profession, and social welfare agencies.  Social action tactics involving demonstrations and strikes had minimal support while serving as expert advisor, writing letters to editors, speaking to lay groups, organizing client groups, and contacting policy makers had strong approval.  Recommendations are made for stronger social action training in BSW and MSW programs and in continuing education programs for social workers.
Article PDF: 72012.pdf  


Year: 2004 (Vol: 7 No: Page: 27)

Title: Social Workers' Perceptions of How Participation in Continuing Education Activities Leads to Changes in Knowledge, Attitudes, and Behaviors
Author(s): Donna Leigh Bliss, Charles A. Smith, Amy Cohen-Callow, and David A. Dia
Abstract:  As family support programs grow in importance, North Carolina established a management information system to provide information for the purposes of management and evaluation of their family support/family resource programs.  This article describes a training effort developed by a state university on behalf of the state to provide an outcomes-focused training to the local programs.  Included was training of various levels of staff on the North Carolina Family Support Outcome Scales and definitions, the management information system, and outcomes identification.  Results showed that the training was well received.  Suggestions are given for future training in the area of family support.
Article PDF: 72027.pdf  


Year: 2004 (Vol: 7 No: Page: 36)

Title: Testing, Treatment, and Trust: Social Work Professional Development and the Genomics Revolution
Author(s): Anna Scheyett and Kimberly Strom-Gottfried
Abstract:  Knowledge in the area of human genetics and genomics is expanding at an exponential pace, with significant implications for social work in health, mental health, and other settings.  This article identifies some key  roles social workers may play in the arena of genetics, discusses social workers responsibility for ongoing professional development in this area, and describes a flexible genetics and genomics social work curriculum developed by the authors.  We provide an evaluation of pilot curriculum implementations, discuss ongoing strategies and barriers to dissemination, and make recommendations for future actions to more fully incorporate genetics and genomics content into the social work professional knowledge base.
Article PDF: 72036.pdf  


Year: 2004 (Vol: 7 No: Page: 44)

Title: Writing Apprehension Among Social Workers:  Addressing Internal and Structural Barriers to Writing About What We Do
Author(s): Virginia Rondero Hernandez, Robert Dole, and Nancy Feyl Chavkin
Abstract:  This article features the results of a survey of social work practitioners who voluntarily attended "Writing About You Do" workshops at professional conferences.  The workshop objectives were to sensitize participants to the individual experience of writing, to identify obstacles and supports for writing through the use of a standardized instrument, and to help participants reframe filed experiences into a written format.  On the basis of the outcomes of these professional workshops, the authors offer recommendations for continuing education activities that address internal and structural barriers to writing and facilitates confidence in the act of writing about one's practice experiences.
Article PDF: 72044.pdf  


Year: 2004 (Vol: 7 No: Page: 3)

Title: Editor's Introduction
Author(s): Seymour J. Rosenthal
Abstract:  Notes from the Editor
Article PDF: 73003.pdf  


Year: 2004 (Vol: 7 No: Page: 4)

Title: Doing Good But Making it Work:  A Reflective Commentary On The Past Fifty Years
Author(s): Edward Newman
Abstract:  Commissioned Paper
Article PDF: 73004.pdf  


Year: 2004 (Vol: 7 No: Page: 10)

Title: Innovative Exchange Creates Global Continuing Education
Author(s): Kathleen Landreth Borland, and  Janice M. Hockensmith
Abstract:  In a world that is simultaneously interconnected by technology and fragmented by cultural divisions, social workers face common professional challenges.  NASW Illinois Chapter's International Activities Network address those common challenges and creates global continuing education.  The Network's exchange programs give social workers an opportunity for "cultural discourse" to improve social services worldwide.  Seasoned professionals often reexamination their assumptions, belief systems, and professional strategies.  This article describes the development of this innovative program that has brought more than 600 social work professionals together from the United States, Germany, England, and South Africa.  It demonstrates social work's global interconnectedness in relating to issues and challenges in our daily professional lives.
Article PDF: 73010.pdf  


Year: 2004 (Vol: 7 No: Page: 20)

Title: Facilitating a Reciprocal International Exchange in Social Work
Author(s): Julia Mirsky and Miriam Barasch
Abstract:  There is a growing recognition of the importance of exchanges between social workers from different countries, but the reciprocity of such exchanges is controversial.  This paper describes an international exchange program that included a mediated cultural immersion and facilitated a reciprocal encounter between western and non-western professionals.  Factors that enabled the successful encounter and conditions needed for the replication of such programs in other settings are delineated and discussed.
Article PDF: 73020.pdf  


Year: 2004 (Vol: 7 No: Page: 30)

Title: Professional Organizational Culture and Retention in Child welfare:  Implications for Continuing Education for Supervision and Professional Development
Author(s): Alberta J. Ellett, and Kenneth I. Millar
Abstract:  This study was designed to understand linkage between new measures of professional organizational culture and employee's intentions to remain employed in child welfare.  A survey was administered to all professional staff in two states, and 941 useable surveys were analyzed.  The findings provide additional support for the validity of the measures and confirmed the hypothesized linkages between dimensions of professional organizational culture and intentions to remain employed.  Implications of the findings for the professional development of supervisors and administrators to strengthen organizational culture in three areas (administrative support, professional sharing among subordinates, and articulating vision and professional commitment) are discussed.
Article PDF: 73030.pdf  


Year: 2004 (Vol: 7 No: Page: 39)

Title: Training Field Instructors:  An Education Module for Field Instructors and Educators
Author(s): Glenda F. Lester Short, Wanda Wahanee Priddy, Marja-Leena Mc Chesney, and Vicki Murdock
Abstract:  This training module address the need for continuing education of field instructors as required by the CSWE.  This article discusses how to orient and train novice and experience social workers as field instructors.  Present is over a decade history of collaboration, development, implementations, evaluation, and revision of the module that has been used to prepare field educators to function effectively as teachers.  Following the literature review that gives a conceptual framework and knowledge base for the training that reviews teaching and learning in social work field education, this article discusses the evaluation process and effectiveness of this particular training.
Article PDF: 73039.pdf  


Year: 2005 (Vol: 8 No: Page: 3)

Title: Editor's Introduction
Author(s): Seymour J. Rosenthal
Abstract:  Notes from the Editor
Article PDF: 81003.pdf  


Year: 2005 (Vol: 8 No: Page: 4)

Title: Understanding and Promoting the Friendships of People with a Dual Diagnosis
Author(s): James R. Dudley
Abstract:  The friendship and other social supports of people who have a dual diagnosis of development disabilities and mental illness are very important to the quality of their lives.  Yet, little is known about these friendships.   The study reported in this article examined the best friend of 90 people with a dual diagnosis based on personal interviews with them.  Questions also explored how staff members supported or discouraged these friendships.  The study compared four general types of best friends.  They were other consumers, staff members, relatives, and outsiders.  The results suggest that each of these four types of best friends raise different issues and deserve different strategies for friendship-building.  Overall, the results suggest that the friendships of people with disabilities deserve considerably more attention in continuing education and staff-in-service training efforts.  Several ideas are shared in the article for improving our understanding of their friendships.  Recommendation are also offered for how continuing education efforts can help in enhancing their existing friendships of other groups such as older adults, people with AIDS, and people with physical disabilities.
Article PDF: 81004.pdf  


Year: 2005 (Vol: 8 No: Page: 15)

Title: Toward Synthesis:  Practical Techniques to Integrate Theory and Practice
Author(s): Vicki Murdock, Wanda Wahnee Priddy, Marja NcChesney, Glenda Short, and Jim Ward
Abstract:  A challenge faced by field instructors, as well as classroom faculty, is to provide opportunities for the social work student to make a workable "whole" out of a segmented curriculum and the distinct but interactive worlds of school and agency, a process that may take years.  This article offers a practical module designed for field instructor and student learning about the process of integrating theory and practice (or classroom and field work) that has been evaluated positively by field faculty.  The article offers a review of field education integration issues as well as detailed instruction and handouts for implementing the experiential activities.
Article PDF: 81015.pdf  


Year: 2005 (Vol: 8 No: Page: 27)

Title: Transfer of Child Welfare Research Findings to the Field:  An Internet-Based Training Series
Author(s): Sandra Owens-Kane, Laurie A. Smith, and Ramona Brinson
Abstract:  Transferring empirically based research findings via an on-line curriculum offers an opportunity to enhance and develop child welfare worker competencies and practice, thereby achieving the main objectives of the federal Title IV-E Child Welfare Training Program.  This article describes and evaluates the development, deployment, utilization and effectiveness of an innovative, web-based child welfare training series based on findings from several Title IV-E sponsored research projects.   The findings indicate that this technology transfer method provides a viable and sustainable means for universities and child welfare agencies to collaborate in efforts to improve worker knowledge and skills.
Article PDF: 81027.pdf  


Year: 2005 (Vol: 8 No: Page: 38)

Title: Distance Education:  The Use of Blackboard Software in Practice Methods Courses Taught Over Ltv
Author(s): Christine B. Kleinpeter, Agathi Glezakos and Marilyn K. Potts
Abstract:  In this pilot study Blackboard software was introduced to supplement the traditional delivery of course content of a practice methods course  taught over interactive television (ITV).  Distance education (DE) students participated in a three-year, part time MSW program taught utilizing 75 percent ITV and 25 percent face-to-face methods.  This paper compares the utilization of case vignettes and discussion questions which were presented over the web to both DE and on-campus students.  Case vignettes were employed to supplement course content in the areas of social work knowledge, values, and skills.  Results indicated that a higher percentage of DE students utilized the web-based teaching approaches in social work education, particularly, in practice methods courses.
Article PDF: 81038.pdf  


Year: 2005 (Vol: 8 No: Page: 46)

Title: Attitudes of Members in One NASW Chapter About Social Action:  A 1972 and 2003 Comparison Study
Author(s): Janet C. Dickinson
Abstract:  This survey of NASW members in one state of attitudes about social replicates a 1972 survey.  The 1972 and 2003 Findings are compared.  The 2003 response rate was 42 percent.  Many agreed that social reform should be a high priority of the profession.  Fewer agreed on tactics of social action.  In 2003, respondents had greater agreement with many social action tactics, were more likely to voluntarily participate in social action before, during, and after graduate school, and felt greater obligation to clients and the professional than to their employer.  Implications of these findings for continuing education are discussed.
Article PDF: 81046.pdf  


Year: 2005 (Vol: 8 No: 2, 3 Page: 5)

Title: Editor's Introduction
Author(s): Seymour J. Rosenthal
Abstract:  Notes from the Editor
Article PDF: 83005.pdf  


Year: 2005 (Vol: 8 No: 2, 3 Page: 6)

Title: Perspectives From the Field
Author(s): Wiliam T. Bergman
Abstract:  Editorial
Article PDF: 83006.pdf  


Year: 2005 (Vol: 8 No: 2, 3 Page: 7)

Title: Guest Editor's Comments
Author(s): Tracy M. Soska, John Trudeau
Abstract:  Editorial
Article PDF: 83007.pdf  


Year: 2005 (Vol: 8 No: 2, 3 Page: 12)

Title: The Path to Partnership: A New Model for Understanding University-Community Partnerships
Author(s): Eric Gass
Abstract:  There have been several attempts by different teams of researchers to define the characteristics of community-campus partnerships.  The primary focus of this article is to look at the essential dimensions community-campus partnerships.  The dimensions that each research group has developed will be presented.  Following that, a new model will be proposed, integrating the dimensions that have been identified across the existing models.  After the presentation of the new model, each dimension within the model will be defined, the five essential dimensions of partnership will be elaborated upon, and the interrelationships among the dimensions will be outlined.
Article PDF: 83012.pdf  


Year: 2005 (Vol: 8 No: 2, 3 Page: 24)

Title: A Model for a Pro-Active and Progressive University-Community Partnership
Author(s): David Fasenfest, Larry Grant
Abstract:  Community redevelopment in a coherent and long-term manner that addresses the needs of its residents is a core agenda for many University projects.  After briefly recounting the relationship of universities to their communities we identify what we call "University against Community" and "University with Community" initiatives - the former in response to the university's agenda while the latter reflects that of the community.  We argue that an effective University-Community Partnership must be of the latter variety, and must exhibit comprehensiveness, synchrony, integration, long-term perspective, and inclusiveness if it is to be truly transformative.  We offer a proposal for a University-Community Partnership that has been developed in collaboration with University faculty and the active participation of community stakeholders.  Focused primarily on food and nutrition, this proposed program known as the Lishe Compact involves faculty and students, coordinates community agencies, and pools limited resources to improve interagency planning, builds local capacity, and engages residents in rebuilding the community.
Article PDF: 83024.pdf  


Year: 2005 (Vol: 8 No: 2, 3 Page: 40)

Title: Merging Organizational Development and Social Work Practice to Mentor Organizations to Stability and Sustainability: The Resource Mentoring Project
Author(s): H. Ted Busch, Karen Hopkins, Cheryl A. Hyde, Amy Cohen-Callow, Elizabeth Fisher, Shari Miller
Abstract:  This article describes the implementation and evaluation of the Resource Mentoring Project, a university-community partnerships that aims to build organizational capacity in grassroots community and faith-based organizations.  Using a casework approach in which an organization is the "client," RMP staff provide client agencies with access to a network of technical assistance providers, a capacity assessment tool, a tailored action plan for organizational development, and a match with organizational mentors that helped agencies build capacity in needed areas.  The efforts yielded positive outcomes for many of the agencies and several important lessons for successful grassroots organizational capacity building.
Article PDF: 83040.pdf  


Year: 2005 (Vol: 8 No: 2, 3 Page: 50)

Title: The Role of Leadership Development in Addressing Urban Community Challenges
Author(s): John Musewicz, Marcine Pickron-Davis, James T. Harris, Geoffrey Marczyk
Abstract:  Widener University is an independent, metropolitan, doctoral granting institution whose main campus is located in Chester, Pennsylvania.  Widener is committed to addressing the region's most pressing concerns by contributing to the vitality and well-being of the local community.  Chester is a distressed city of 36,000 residents, and this leadership development initiative targeted members of the Sun Hill community, which is located within Chester and adjacent to Widener.  Sun Hill residents reflect a multitude of diversity in terms of age, race, and resident status.  Quality of life issues, such as trash, curfew violations, drug-related violence, and a general increase in crimes involving theft of property and violence have pervaded the community.  This leadership development initiative was designed to catalyze neighborhood revitalization by enhancing the leadership skills of Sun Hill residents, helping them to contribute to the recreation of a viable community.  Components of the leadership training included recruiting participants, assessing their leadership strengths and developmental needs, and delivering classroom based training and individualized coaching sessions.  Analysis of aggregate data collected during the program indicated that participants have levels of emotional intelligence (an important contributor to effective leadership skill) comparable to the general population, but do not yet have the level of leadership competency exhibited by successful managers in corporate America.  Discussion of these results and the program is provided, and conclusions and recommendations are made.
Article PDF: 83050.pdf  


Year: 2005 (Vol: 8 No: 2, 3 Page: 64)

Title: University-Community Collaborations: A Case Study of an Effective Partnership
Author(s): Manoj Pardasani
Abstract:  University-Community collaboration have become integral to the overarching missions of educational institutions nationwide.  While this trend has always existed in schools of social work, to some extent, this current debate has encouraged the schools to re-asses their commitment to empowerment, advocacy and social action in the context of the communities in which they are located.  This article presents a case study of a productive, meaningful and mutually beneficial partnership established between a community coalition and a school of social work.  This partnership was initiative without any fiscal incentive, but prospered due to the commitment of the school and individual faculty members.  The joint project implemented, the benefits and challenges of initiating and maintaining such collaborations, and lessons learned from this experience are discussed.
Article PDF: 83064.pdf  


Year: 2005 (Vol: 8 No: 2, 3 Page: 73)

Title: Empowering Young African American Males for the 21st Century: A Collaborative Model Between a University and an African American Church
Author(s): Sharon E. Moore, Wanda Lott Collins, Seana Golder, Judith C. Heitzman, Jacquelyn Monroe
Abstract:  Young African American males exhibit resilience and strength despite being bombarded by numerous obstacles and barriers.  The purpose of this article is to discuss a university/faith-based collaborative project, the “Canaan Conference Project,” that was aimed at empowering young African American males toward academic achievement through life skills presentations by adult African American males who served as role models.  This collaborative is a model for replication by others in social work and closely related professions.
Article PDF: 83073.pdf  


Year: 2005 (Vol: 8 No: 2, 3 Page: 84)

Title: Role Changes, Learning Enhancements and Professional Development Through a University-School Collaborative
Author(s): Sandra Austin, Katherine Briar-Lawson, Alice King-Ingham, Jerry Spicer, Dorinda Davis
Abstract:  Engaged Universities position Schools of Social Work to be campus hubs for new kinds of outreach scholarship, pedagogy and programming.  This case study reports on one facet of the outreach work undertaken by a School of Social Work with its neighboring elementary school in an urban, inner city community.  It delineates ways that professional development can emerge when social workers and teachers collaborate to addressing barriers to learning.  Outreach pedagogy positioned students in several macro practice classes to acquire community-building skills.  Outcomes from the pedagogical, outreach and capacity building work are reported along with recommendation for further development such as evaluation research.
Article PDF: 83084.pdf  


Year: 2005 (Vol: 8 No: 2, 3 Page: 98)

Title: University Agency Collaboration to Design, Implement, and Evaluate a Leadership Development System
Author(s): Thomas Packard, Jennifer Tucker-Tatlow, Jessica Waechter, Patti Rahiser, Donald E. Dudley
Abstract:  A collaboration between two schools of social work and nine county human service organizations has provided opportunities for university service to communities and organizations, research for the counties, and the enrichment of university curricula.  University staff facilitate and provide staff support for quarterly meetings of the nine directors, and have completed several action research projects for them.  A leadership development initiative to chance succession planning for the departments has successfully developed 24 of their staff interested in promoting to executive management.  The program and its evaluation finding are presented here, followed by lessons learned which may be useful to other collaborations.

For the past four years, two schools of social work (San Diego State University and California State University, San Bernardino) have been engaged in an ongoing collaboration with the directors of nine county human service organizations in Southern California.  The purpose of this paper is to present some of products, models, and lessons learned from this ongoing collaboration.  Specifically, several major research and training projects have provided valuable technical assistance and capacity building for the nine involved organizations.  One project in particular, a leadership development initiative, will be presented in detail as an example of training for organizational leadership.  Research designs used included qualitative, quantitative, and case study methods.  The knowledge gained from the projects has been useful not only to the involved agencies but also to university faculty, in the form of knowledge and insights about agency practice which have informed curriculum development in a social work administration concentration.
Article PDF: 8

Year: 2006 (Vol: 9 No: 1 Page: 3)

Title: Editor's Introduction
Author(s): Seymour J. Rosenthal
Abstract:  Notes from the Editor
Article PDF: 91003.pdf  


Year: 2006 (Vol: 9 No: 1 Page: 4)

Title: Social Services Workers' and Supervisors' Perceptions of Domestic Violence Training
Author(s): Brian K. Payne, Diane Cyr Carmody, Gina Respass, and Kara Hoofnagle
Abstract:  The lack of college coursework on family violence has resulted in a need for professional development focusing on the role of social services workers in domestic violence cases.  Very little research, however, has considered how workers define their experiences with domestic violence cases as compared to their perceptions of training in this area.  To fill this void, focus groups and in-depth telephone interviews were conducted to assess how social workers and supervisors described their experiences with domestic violence cases and their perceptions of the appropriate forms of training.  Results show differences between the experiences and perceptions of workers and supervisors.
Article PDF: 91004.pdf  


Year: 2006 (Vol: 9 No: 1 Page: 13)

Title: Social Work Doctoral Students and Online Technology
Author(s): Jay S. Swiefach and Heidi Heft-LaPorte
Abstract:  Social work practice today requires that practitioners be proficient in the use of online technologies.  Although social  workers can use information technology for such purposes as conduction research, sharing ideas, communicating with colleagues, and publishing work, very little is known about how social workers use these resources, and the extent to which online activities have supplemented and enhanced scholarly and professional capabilities.  This article reports the findings of a study which examined the manner in which social work doctoral students use online technology, the patterns of its use, and perceptions regarding benefits and self efficacy.  The implications and findings are discussed as well as some strategies to enhance the use of these resources among social work students, faculty and practitioners.
Article PDF: 91013.pdf  


Year: 2006 (Vol: 9 No: 1 Page: 24)

Title: Meeting the Addiction Education and Training Needs of Rural Master's Level Social Workers
Author(s): Timothy B. Conley, David L. Schantz, Sarah Shea, and Mavis Vaillancourt
Abstract:  A comprehensive statewide survey of Licensed Clinical Social Workers (LCSW's) concerning graduate level and continuing education training needs in addictions finds inadequate preparedness for work with addicted constituents, and high interest in and need for training.  Respondents advise that addiction training be infused throughout the MSW curriculum or be separately required.  Survey respondents numbered 294 which is 76.9 percent of the entire population of LCSWs serving a large rural state, all of whom were surveyed.  Selected for survey because they are experienced providers, the group received education in social work schools across North America.  Results from this sample confirm calls by others for increasing social worker's addiction related education.  Implications for social work educational environments concerning addictions training and work force development missions are discussed.
Article PDF: 91024.pdf  


Year: 2006 (Vol: 9 No: 1 Page: 34)

Title: An Online Course in Trauma for School Personnel World Wide: Collaboration, Challenges, and Opportunities
Author(s): Helene Jackson and Jennifer Elkins
Abstract:  In this paper we present an innovative, interactive online course in childhood trauma for school personnel worldwide.  We identify and discuss the academic and cultural challenges and opportunities encountered in a university, public and community agency collaboration.  The goal of the project was threefold; 1) to educate social workers, teachers, school counselors, and administrators to respond to the needs of students (K-12) whose lives have been disrupted by traumatic events; 2) to create a classroom of geographically and ethnically diverse participants in which a collaborative global community could develop; and 3) to evaluate the academic value of the course as reflected in participants knowledge acquisition, adoption and diffusion, and satisfaction.
Article PDF: 91034.pdf  


Year: 2006 (Vol: 9 No: 1 Page: 45)

Title: Examining the Major Barriers to Employment Among TANF Recipients and the Role of Continuing Education in Preparing the Professional Workforce
Author(s): Rebecca Leela Thomas, Rita S. Fierro and Scott Novakowski
Abstract:  This paper highlights the barriers to employment of TANF recipients.  The dual goals of employment and family reunifications demanded clients to comply with the sometimes opposing demands of the service delivery systems.  This paper underscores the importance of continuing social work education in informing workforce development efforts.  These efforts include; 1) developing practice models of intervention; 2) creating a forum for service providers to network amongst themselves; 3) helping service providers understand and modify the demands placed on clients; and 4) developing monitoring and evaluation mechanisms for social programs.  Continuing  education programs can provide important training in all these areas.
Article PDF: 91045.pdf  


Year: 2006 (Vol: 9 No: 2, 3 Page: 5)

Title: Editor's Introduction
Author(s): Seymour J. Rosenthal
Abstract:  Notes from the Editor
Article PDF: 92005.pdf  


Year: 2006 (Vol: 9 No: 2, 3 Page: 7)

Title: Values and Technology:  Benefits and Difficulties of Applied Research in Child Welfare
Author(s): Michael Kelly and Paul Sundet
Abstract:  The guest editors of this special issue examine the underpinnings of social policy development as applied to the filed of child welfare and assess the current state of consensus and dissensus on the values and methodologies currently employed to implement public policy.  The premises of the research in this volume are explained and a short synopsis of the articles and their relevance to the issue theme are presented.
Article PDF: 92007.pdf  


Year: 2006 (Vol: 9 No: 2, 3 Page: 12)

Title: The Children's Bureau Quality Improvement Centers:  Knowledge Development Through Research Collaborations in Child Welfare
Author(s): Carol Hafford, Melissa Lim Brodowski, Catherine Nolan and Jack Denniston
Abstract:  With the renewed emphasis on evidence-based practice in child welfare the U.S. Children's Bureau has reinforced its commitment to empirically sound demonstration projects as a means of furthering best practices in this field.  One critical thrust in this imitative has been the creation and funding of Quality Improvement Centers (QIC).  Through involving intermediary organizations in grant making, managing the required research and disseminating findings, Children's Bureau sought to not only improve child protective practices but make demonstrations specific locality relevant and foster local and regional collaborations that would extend beyond the funding periods.  This article summarizes finding from the interim national evaluation of the initial cluster of four QIC's focusing on some of the lessons already learned from this innovation and potentials for this model in future demonstrations.
Article PDF: 92012.pdf  


Year: 2006 (Vol: 9 No: 2, 3 Page: 24)

Title: University/Child Welfare Agency Partnerships:  Building a Bridge Between the Ivory Tower and the State Office Building
Author(s): Crystal Collins-Camargo, and Kay Hoffman
Abstract:  This article explores the potential for true partnerships between university social work programs and public welfare agencies.  This partnership has a deeply moral foundation related to the purpose of social work which is potential symbiotic and nature.  Social work education and public child welfare both have a stake in the generation of evidence based practice through collaborative research.  A rationale for the development of child welfare agencies as learning laboratories, in which the partnership with universities builds upon but extends beyond Title Iv-E training and education programs, is offered.  Aspects of this potential collaboration include field education, professional education of practitioners, informing and conducting applied research, development and testing of theory-grounded practice techniques and practice protocols, maintaining the relevance of social work education, integration of field innovations into the curriculum, engagement in non-voluntary practice, understanding and interpreting public policy decisions,  and the use of practitioners as social work educators.  The comprehensive exploration of such a partnership offers much to both child welfare and academia.
Article PDF: 92024.pdf  


Year: 2006 (Vol: 9 No: 2, 3 Page: 38)

Title: Secondary Traumatic Stress in Child Welfare Workers:  Exploring the Role of Supervisory Culture
Author(s): Brian E. Bride and Jenny L. Jones
Abstract:  The purpose of this exploratory study was to examine relationships between symptoms of secondary traumatic stress and child welfare worker's perceptions of the culture of supervision in their organizations. A convenience sample of 307 child protection services workers responded to a web based survey that included measures secondary traumatic stress and supervisory culture and practice.  Results suggest that action-oriented (active) rather than emotion-oriented (passive) support from supervisors is most helpful in preventing or reducing secondary traumatic stress among child welfare workers.  Further, it is the qualitative aspects of supervision rather that the quantity of supervision that is most important in preventing STS.
Article PDF: 92038.pdf  


Year: 2006 (Vol: 9 No: 2, 3 Page: 44)

Title: Personal and Organizational Correlates of Outcomes in Child Welfare:  Implications for Supervision and Continuing Professional Development
Author(s): Alberta Ellett, Crystal Collins-Camargo, and Chad D. Ellett
Abstract:  This article describes the finding from recent research focused on personal and organizations factors related to organizational outcomes in child welfare and discusses the implications of these findings for supervision and continuing professional development of child welfare staff.  The results of several recent large-scale studies using quantitative and/or qualitative methods are reviewed as a continuing line of inquiry concerned with child welfare employee retention and organizational outcomes (including selected CFSR variables).  The critical role that supervisors play in strengthening organizational culture and personal characteristics of staff (e. g. self-efficacy beliefs) as a means of enhancing organizational outcomes is emphasized and suggestions for future research are provided.
Article PDF: 92044.pdf  


Year: 2006 (Vol: 9 No: 2, 3 Page: 54)

Title: Making a Mission Statement a Realty in Child Welfare:  Resiliency and Solution-Focused Therapy as Core Strategy
Author(s): Kim Anderson and Paul Sundet
Abstract:  Child welfare agencies regularly espouse a philosophy of "family-centered" and "strengths-based" practice but factors including traditional practice, court auspices and deficient technology combine to impede attaining the worthwhile goals contained in the typical mission statement.  In a three-year demonstration project designed to promote organizational culture change and increase clinical competencies of workers, this issue was added by adopting a human behavior base of resiliency and care intervention strategy of solution-focused therapy.  This article details the implementation of that process and the empirical results on worker attitude and case performance.
Article PDF: 92054.pdf  


Year: 2006 (Vol: 9 No: 2, 3 Page: 65)

Title: From Isolation to Teamwork:  Mississippi's Story of Cultural Change in Child Welfare
Author(s): Kim Shackelford, Kathleen Sullivan, Maxine Harper, and Tiffany Edwards
Abstract:  Professional isolation is a major impediment to positive morale among public child welfare supervisors in rural settings.  In this project in Mississippi supervisors in two regions were provided the opportunity for ongoing peer support by engaging in structured learning laboratories of their own design followed by regular mentoring sessions with university faculty.  Using a quasi-experimental design an external evaluation team assessed the perceived changes in organizational culture, supervisee assessment of self-efficacy and worker turnover rates between the experimental and control areas and found significant positive impact from the model employed.  The article offer practical suggestions on implementation of organizational change through supervisor development.
Article PDF: 92065.pdf  


Year: 2006 (Vol: 9 No: 2, 3 Page: 78)

Title: The Impact of Organizational Culture on Intention to Remain in Public Child Welfare:  A Case Study in Tennessee
Author(s): Jenny L. Jones and Sangmi Cho
Abstract:  This article presents findings from an exploratory study of frontline child protective services supervisors in Tennessee and the impact professional organizational cultures had on their intent to remain employed in public child welfare.  This study was a apart of a large research demonstration project that examined the impact of supervision on worker practice, intent to remain employed and overall outcomes to children and families.  The study contributes to existing child welfare literature on frontline child protection supervisor, and 2) accessing the effects and the impact of organizational culture in a public child welfare agency.
Article PDF: 92078.pdf  


Year: 2006 (Vol: 9 No: 2, 3 Page: 91)

Title: Translating Group Learning into Individual Behavioral Change:  The Role of Critical Analysis Tools in Professional Growth
Author(s): Paul Sundet and Michael Kelly
Abstract:  Improving supervisors ability to teach, supervise and develop clinical skills in front line child welfare workers is critical to improving the quality of services and retention of skilled workers.  However, Supervisory development presents a dilemma for the employing agency.  Empowering supervisors to develop worker's critical analysis abilities, which are essential to effective case work, will likely involve questioning dearly held assumptions, values, and policies of the organization.  This article explores the dilemma of training and development where such an approach is attempted.  Should a staff development initiative for child welfare professionals be directed toward learning within agency defined boundaries, i.e. true learning?  This article details a three year supervisory development programs designed to empower teaching and application of critical reflective skills in front line workers.
Article PDF: 92091.pdf  


Year: 2006 (Vol: 9 No: 2, 3 Page: 100)

Title: Clinical Supervision in Public Child Welfare:  Themes from Findings of a Multisite Study
Author(s): Crystal Collins-Camargo
Abstract:  This article summarizes the themes from findings of a multisite study conducted in four states' child welfare agencies to test the impact of the implementation of clinical casework supervision.  The studies were conducted through the work of a ten state collaborative administrated by the Southern Regional Quality Improvement Center on Child Protection and funded by the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services.  Overall quantitative and qualitative findings of the intervention's impact on satisfaction with supervision, organizational culture, worker practice in assessment and treatment, and client outcomes are summarized.  While the outcomes varied across sites, the overall findings support the potential for clinical supervision approaches to be used in this setting.  The utilization of learning collaborations on the site an multisite level was successful in promoting positive findings as well as comprehensive dissemination activities targeted toward impacting practice.  In addition, themes regarding the use of a university, public agency, community partnership, and factors impacting the implementation and evaluation of the projects are described.
Article PDF: 92100.pdf  


Year: 2006 (Vol: 9 No: 2, 3 Page: 111)

Title: Toward the Development of a Research-Based Employee Selection Protocol:  Implications for Child Welfare Supervision, Administration, and Professional Development
Author(s): Alberta J. Ellett, Chad D. Ellett, Tonya M. Westbrook and Betsy Lerner
Abstract:  This article describes components and procedures for the development of a new research-based child welfare Employee Selection Protocol (ESP).  This protocol represents a model that child welfare agencies can use to better select employees with the requisite entry-level knowledge, skills, abilities, and values (KSAVs) that are considered minimally essential for effective job performance.  The long-term goals of developing and implementing the new ESP are to: (a) improve the validity, reliability, and job-relatedness of current child welfare employee selection and hiring processes; (b) enhance the standardization of new employee selection who are suited for work in child welfare; © develop procedures to strengthen application screening of new employee who are suited for work in child welfare; (d) increase child welfare employee retention rates; and ultimately; (e) strengthen services provided to children and families.  Implications for employee selection, supervision, and retention are discussed.
Article PDF: 92111.pdf  


Year: 2006 (Vol: 9 No: 2, 3 Page: 122)

Title: A Complex Partnership to Optimize and Stabilize the Public Child Welfare Workforce
Author(s): Hal A. Lawson, Mary McCarthy, Katherine Briar-Lawson, Peter Miraglia, Jessica Strolin and James Caringi
Abstract:  This article introduces a complex partnership developed in a Northeastern state.  It's aim is to optimize and stabilize public child welfare workforce and thereby improve outcomes for clients as well as results for county and borough agencies.  To achieve this aim, this partnership has implemented a comprehensive, multi-faceted strategy.  Intermediaries play a pivotal roles in this partnership system.  Originating with a focus on social work education, this partnership quickly focuses on research.  Participatory workforce research aimed at understanding turnover led to hybrid, complex intervention involving team-driven participatory action research and learning in local agencies.  These design teams, facilitated by social worker, connect professional development and organizational development to retention planning and ultimately, to workforce optimization initiatives.
Article PDF: 92122.pdf  


Year: 2006 (Vol: 9 No: 2, 3 Page: 140)

Title: Lessons Learned from an Innovative University-community Agency Collaboration:  The Development of a Direct Practice for Training for Child Welfare and Mental Health Social Workers
Author(s): Suzanne Boyd, Deana F. Morrow, Marcia A. Shobe, and Frankie Tack
Abstract:  This article reports on the development and implementation of a 6-session child welfare and mental health training series developed in response to identified training needs by a local Department of Youth and Family Services and Department of Mental Health.  A team of five facility members (four full-time and one part-time) delivered the training content to direct line workers and supervisors over a 2-month period.  Quantitative and qualitative evaluation data are reported from the training sessions, followed by a discussion of the lessons learned from this training series.  Suggestions regarding future trainings are offered.
Article PDF: 92140.pdf  



Year: 2007 (Vol: 10 No: 1 Page: 2)

Title: Partnership to Improve the Lives of Children across the Spectrum of Child Welfare Services: A Land Grant University's Opportunity
Author(s): Crystal Collins-Camargo, Chris Flaherty, and Pamela Weeks
Abstract:  The use of Title IV-E funding for child welfare has served to create new bonds between state child welfare agencies and schools of social work. Many current university-child welfare partnerships go well beyond early efforts to train new child welfare workers. Land grant universities are charged with improving the welfare of citizens within their respective states through a triadic mission of teaching, service, and research. The expansion of university-child welfare partnerships has created a unique opportunity for maximizing the impact of the land-grant university’s mission in service of the state’s most vulnerable citizens.
Article PDF: 101002.pdf  


Year: 2007 (Vol: 10 No: 1 Page: 10)

Title: Evaluating a social work supervision model in a real-world child welfare setting
Author(s): Carol Smith, Regina Russell, and Martha M. Giddings
Abstract:  The Integrative Supervision Model (ISM) was implemented in a public child welfare organization to provide clinical supervision to MSW employees who desired clinical licensure, and to test the effectiveness of the ISM in a real-world practice situation. Data indicates that use of the ISM encouraged a more comprehensive review and clinical approach to child welfare cases on the part of participants, and resulted in a significant increase in their knowledge and skills as defined by the model.  The findings were confirmed by LCSW Supervisors.  The low response rate of child welfare supervisors will be discussed as well as other organizational and clinical implications.
Article PDF: 101010.pdf


Year: 2007 (Vol: 10 No: 1 Page: 25)

Title: The Role of Self-efficacy in Mediating Personal and Environmental Factors that Influence Practice with Crime Victims: Implications for Professional Development
Author(s): Fran Davis, Dong Pil Yoon, Kim M. Anderson
Abstract:  Assistance to crime victims has emerged as a practice issue that cuts across many social work fields of practice.  Based on a mail survey conducted with  1,406 licensed social workers, a conceptual model is presented that explores the relationships among personal factors, environmental factors, professional self-efficacy, and knowledge and skills for working with crime victims.  Using structural equation modeling, the following conceptual linkages were supported: those with more personal experiences and more support from their practice setting were more likely to have higher levels of professional self-efficacy, and, therefore, were more likely to have the knowledge and skills necessary to provide services to crime victims. Implications for professional development include roles and responsibilities of administrators and supervisors to provide access to continuing education, in-service training, consultation, and policies that provide both knowledge and skills for working with crime victims and a supportive environment that addresses the potential for compassion fatigue.
Article PDF: 101025.pdf  


Year: 2007 (Vol: 10 No: 1 Page: 37)

Title: Compressed Social Work Education: An Innovative Approach to Continuing Education
Author(s): Charles Zastrow, Mary Weeden
Abstract:  Compressed MSW education involves offering courses in a more intensive format, with the length of a course being substantially shorter than the traditional semester-long format. The compressed education format for an MSW program in the Midwest is described, and the results of an evaluative study of this format are summarized. The current students enrolled in this program overwhelmingly favor this format over the traditional semester-long format. The students also see a number of advantages in being a member of a cohort group.
Article PDF: 101037.pdf  


Year: 2007 (Vol: 10 No: 1 Page: 45)

Title: Court Training for Public Child-Welfare Social Workers: An Evaluation of a Training Program
Author(s): Emily J. Bruce, Stanley  Lee, Cecilia Martinez, Peter Allen Lee, L. Michael Clark
Abstract:  The purpose of this study was to explore the influence of a forensic child-welfare social work training program. We sought to assess whether the professional ability of public child-welfare social workers was improved as a result of their participation in the training program. The program provides public child-welfare social workers with training in courtroom procedures and practices to improve workers’ effectiveness in the juvenile court. The research team found that increased training was the most salient influence on the workers’ perceptions of their improved professional ability.
Article PDF: 101045.pdf  


Year: 2007 (Vol: 10 No:Page: 3)

Title: Editor's Information
Author(s): Michael Lauderdale, Michael Kelly, Noel Landuyt 
Article PDF: 102003.pdf  


Year: 2007 (Vol: 10 No:Page: 7)

Title: Achieving Desired Outcomes by Privatizing Child Welfare Service Delivery: Lessons Learned through the Kansas Experience
Author(s): Karl Ensign, Jaymee Metzenthin
Abstract:  A decade ago, the State of Kansas privatized its child welfare services delivery system in an attempt to achieve desired outcomes. Within a couple of years, all family preservation, foster care, and adoption case management and service delivery was carried out by private agencies. Thus, the reform was comprehensive and implemented relatively quickly. This paper summarizes key reform elements and how these have evolved over the last decade. It also explains the many factors which complicated the reform’s intended objectives —politically, fiscally, and administratively. Along the way, many important lessons have been learned that can help inform other efforts to privatize child welfare services delivery and introduce performance measurement.
Article PDF: 102007.pdf  


Year: 2007 (Vol: 10 No:Page: 16)

Title: Is Social Work Education Relevant to Child Welfare Practice? A Qualitative Analysis from the Adult Learner Perspective
Author(s): Michael Lauderdale, Michael Kelly, Noel Landuyt 
Abstract:  Social work education has become increasing challenged to provide relevant curricula for child welfare
practitioners. This study presents results of a qualitative evaluation of one Title IV-E-funded program for MSW student/workers of a public child welfare agency. Data analysis identified several themes that were used to develop a conceptual model of how social work education may impact worker retention in pubic child welfare with practice implications for the structure and process of IV-E-funded MSW programs.
Article PDF: 102016.pdf  


Year: 2007 (Vol: 10 No:Page: 26)

Title: Gender Inequality and Lack of Sexual and Reproductive Rights of Women in Ghana: Implications for Social Work Education
Author(s): Marie-Antoinette Sossou
Abstract:  Decades after the first international conference on women and the United Nations’ conventions for the elimination of all forms of discrimination against women, inequalities between women and men still exist in Ghana. This phenomenological study made visible Ghanaian women’s experiences of their lack of reproductive
and sexual rights. A purposive sample of 68 female participants -- all with different educational, socio-economic, and occupational backgrounds, and from both rural and urban settings -- took part in six focus group discussions. The participants were asked only two questions, both related to their right to demand safe and protected sex and to practice family planning and birth control without permission from their spouses. Textual analysis, based on an adaptation of Smith, Jarman, & Osborn, (1999) interpretative phenomenological analysis, was used to develop two major themes, namely, “Reproductive Decision- making Is Not Easy for Us,” and “Demanding Safe Sex Is a Thorny Issue.” These themes are illustrated with commentary and direct quotations to depict a general sense of the experience of the phenomenon. Implications for social work education and policy advocacy are discussed.
Article PDF: 102026.pdf  


Year: 2007 (Vol: 10 No:Page: 3)

Title: Editor's Information
Author(s): Michael Lauderdale, Michael Kelly, Noel Landuyt 
Article PDF: 103003.pdf  


Year: 2007 (Vol: 10 No: 3 Page: 5)

Title: Introductory Note: Privatization and Performance Based Contracting in Child Welfare
Author(s): Crystal Collins-Camargo
Article PDF: 103005.pdf  


Year: 2007 (Vol: 10 No: 3 Page: 7)

Title: The Privatization of Child Welfare Services: Issues and Efforts at the Federal Level
Author(s): Michael Lauderdale, Michael Kelly, Noel Landuyt 
Abstract:  There has been significant interest in privatization in child welfare, as in other sectors, from officials within the federal government and in some states. This article identifies several policy issues raised by privatized child welfare systems within federal child welfare programs, and describes two federal efforts to understand state and local child welfare privatization initiatives. These efforts are intended to provide information to those who may be considering privatization as a path to child welfare systems reform.
Article PDF: 103007.pdf  


Year: 2007 (Vol: 10 No:Page: 14)

Title: Knowledge Development and Transfer on Public/Private Partnerships in Child Welfare Service Provision: Using Multi-Site Research to Expand the Evidence Base
Author(s): Crystal Collins-Camargo, Jennifer Hall, Chris Flaherty, Karl Ensign, Teri Garstka, Brian Yoder, Allison Metz
Abstract: Quality Improvement Centers (QIC) were established by the Children’s Bureau of the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services to promote knowledge development and the effective transfer of that knowledge into practice in the child welfare field. An area identified as in need of research and resources is the privatization of services that have traditionally been provided by the public child welfare agency, as some states have begun to move in this direction. This was identified as a topic in critical need of research based on a knowledge-gaps analysis conducted by the QIC PCW. This article describes the purpose and preliminary data collected by the National Quality Improvement Center on the Privatization of Child Welfare Services (QIC PCW) regarding the nature of public/private partnership in this field. It also outlines a multi-site research initiative testing the impact of innovative performance-based contracting and quality assurance systems on organizational and client outcomes in three states.
Article PDF: 103014.pdf  


Year: 2007 (Vol: 10 No: 3 Page: 32

Title: Striving for Excellence: Extending Child Welfare Performance-Based Contracting to Residential, Independent, and Transitional Living Programs in Illinois
Author(s): Kathleen A.  Kearney,  
Abstract: Performance-based contracting for foster care case management services has been in effect in Illinois since 1997. It is credited with reducing the number of children and youth in out-of-home placement by over 65% in the last decade. Despite the success of this initiative in moving over 34,000 children into permanent homes, Illinois failed to achieve substantial conformity on any of the seven child welfare outcome measures in its 2003 Child and Family Services Review (CFSR). This article discusses the history of performance-based contracting in Illinois; lessons learned from foster-care case management contracting; the challenges in expanding this initiative to residential, independent living, and transitional living programs; the planning and implementation process used; and the proposed evaluation design.
Article PDF: 103032.pdf  


Year: 2007 (Vol: 10 No: 3 Page: 49)

Title: Maintaining Positive Public-Private Partnerships in Child Welfare: The Missouri Project on Performance- Based Contracting for Out-of-Home Care
Author(s): J. Wilson Watt, Rebecca Porter, Lynette M. Renner, Laura M. Parker 
Abstract:  For many years, the State of Missouri Children’s Division has worked in conjunction with private agency service providers and with the University of Missouri-Columbia School of Social Work to improve the quality of service delivery to children and families in the state. After an introductory, brief review of the recent movement for privatization and the use of performance-based contracting in child welfare service delivery, this article provides a conceptual overview of The Missouri Project on Privatization of Out-of-Home Care for Children, which builds on the past public-private collaborations in Missouri. The article discusses earlier research on the initiation of performance-based contracting and presents the rationale for the current project. This project examines both process needs of public-private partnerships
for successful maintenance, including the renegotiation of performance-based contracts for out-of-home care, and the case-outcome results of the privatized service delivery. The Missouri project’s relationship to the two other projects selected by the University of Kentucky Quality Improvement Center’s project on Performance-Based Contracting and Quality Assurance in Public Child Welfare are delineated.
Article PDF: 103049.pdf 


Year: 2007 (Vol: 10 No:Page: 58)

Title: Improving Practice and Outcomes through Collaboration and Performance-Based Contracting in Florida's Child Welfare System
Author(s): David DeStefano, Jean K. Elder, John Cooper, Cynthia A. Schuler 
Abstract:  This article describes the first six months of the Florida QIC-PCW demonstration project between the Florida Department of Children and Families (DCF) and Kids Central, Inc., a private agency contracting with DCF to provide child welfare services. The goal of this project was to demonstrate how to create a vision of service and performance expectations shared by DCF and the agencies that DCF contract with in a local child welfare network, utilizing performance-based contracting and financial incentives. This shared vision was developed by creating contractual performance-based measures through an inclusive planning and consensus-building process. We anticipate positive outcomes for children and families. Preliminary results indicate that case-management agencies are ready to incorporate performance-based outcomes and to establish front-line practice strategies.
Article PDF: 103058.pdf  

Year: 2008 (Vol: 11 No: 1 Page: 3)

Title: Editor's Information
Author(s): Michael Lauderdale, Michael Kelly, Noel Landuyt 
Article PDF: 111003.pdf  


Year: 2008 (Vol: 11 No: 1 Page: 6)

Title: Privatization of Child Welfare Services: Lessons Learned from Experienced States
Author(s): Chris Flaherty, Crystal Collins-Camargo, Elizabethe Lee
Abstract:  Recent emphasis on improving efficiency, service quality, and innovation in child welfare services has prompted some jurisdictions to explore privatization or expand it to a broader segment of the service array. This extension of public/private partnerships has created new challenges in establishing effective contractual arrangements and in developing optimal mechanisms for oversight and quality assurance. Lessons learned by public agency administrators, private providers, and community stakeholders are reported. Method: Seventy-nine participants from 12 states participated in multiple focus groups. Findings: Numerous shared themes emerged including the evolutionary nature of the public/private partnership, the necessity for high levels of open communication between partners to problem solve, the complexity of defining appropriate and measurable performance standards, and the complexity of establishing contract monitoring and quality assurance systems that strike the correct balance between government accountability and the opportunity within privatized systems to promote creativity and efficiency.
Article PDF: 111006.pdf  


Year: 2008 (Vol: 11 No: 1 Page: 19)

Title: The Path to Partnership: Revisiting the Five Key Elements of University-Community Partnership
Author(s): Susan E. Mason, Heidi Heft LaPorte 
Abstract:  This article reports on a two-year sequenced evaluation of social work field education for employees of a large, urban, child welfare agency. A third year had been planned but an unforeseen crisis in the city where the study took place caused the third year to be aborted. A child protection center attached to an urban teaching hospital was the field education site for child welfare workers on temporary leave from their full- time jobs at a public child welfare agency. In returning to school for their masters degree in social work the students were required to adapt to the host agency’s organizational culture, which differed substantially from that of the child welfare agency where they were employed. The host-agency staff reported equally difficult tasks related to working with the employee/students. The theoretical perspective of organizational culture helps to explain the varying and often conflicting perspectives of the students and the agency staff. This analysis focuses on four groups directly involved in the education experience: the students, the host agency staff, the supervisors from the public child welfare agency assigned to monitor the students’ progress, and the field education advisors from the schools. The two-year qualitative evaluation, illustrates how a project evaluation can help bring to light areas of conflict and of potential resolutions.
Article PDF: 111019.pdf  


Year: 2008 (Vol: 11 No: 1 Page: 30)

Title: The Path to Partnership: Revisiting the Five Key Elements of University-Community Partnership
Author(s): Eric Gass
Abstract:  A new theoretical model of university-community partnerships was unveiled supporting five key dimensions of partnership deemed necessary for a partnership to function. Surveys have been collected and analyzed, and interviews have been conducted, with the goal being a deeper understanding of the partnership process, identification of dimensions that can be incorporated into social work curricula, and creation of a process that can be replicated to benefit the people and communities in which we live and work. Specifically, this article validates the prediction of the five key dimensions of university-community partnership. The relevant literature and content of the previous article will be reviewed, prior to discussion of the method and results of the current study. The results will then be linked to relevant curricular issues, as they relate to the continuing education of social workers.
Article PDF: 111030.pdf  


Year: 2008 (Vol: 11 No: 1 Page: 48)

Title: Promoting Competent Service Delivery through Multidisciplinary Training: New Roles for Undergraduate Social Work Education
Author(s): Gloria Jackson Thompson, Roslyn C. Richardson
Abstract:  In addition to preparing students for generalist social work practice, social work programs are also called upon to take a leadership role in the development of relationships with community organizations. This goal is often accomplished through grant activities that create collaborative efforts between social work programs and local and state social service agencies. This article describes a collaborative relationship between an undergraduate social work program and a state agency that focused on the coordination of mandatory training for early intervention providers throughout the state. This unique opportunity demonstrated how collaborating with an undergraduate social work program could be used to serve the broader community by ensuring competent practice and service delivery.
Article PDF: 111048.pdf  


Year: 2008 (Vol: 11 No: 1 Page: 53)

Title: Reflections on Global Experiential Learning: A Participant’s Perspective
Author(s): JoAnn Tuzeo Jarolmen
Abstract:  Having learned and taught global social work issues and examined the different social policies and institutions of various cultures and countries, I was very attracted by an opportunity that arose at NYU and Case Western University. These universities were sponsoring a continuing education trip to the Netherlands to explore firsthand some of the social institutions of that country. Palliative care, euthanasia, substance use, and prostitution were the emphasis of this investigation. The journey was to be one week and included not only classroom lectures but actually observing the institutions and how they functioned firsthand. The group itself was composed of faculty, students, and graduates of various schools of social work. The age range was also varied. Very few of the participants knew each other, and the 30+ sojourners were to meet at Newark airport and commence the adventure.
Article PDF: 111053.pdf  


Year: 2008 (Vol: 11 No: 2 Page: 3)

Title: Editor's Information
Author(s): Michael Lauderdale, Michael Kelly, Noel Landuyt 
Article PDF: 112003.pdf  


Year: 2008 (Vol: 11 No: 2 Page: 6)

Title: Exploratory Factor Analysis of the Index for Training Need (ITN) Interest Scale with Practicing Rural Social Workers
Author(s): Timothy B. Conley, David Schantz, Sarah Aronson, Sarah Shae
Abstract:  All licensed social workers in a geographically large rural state were surveyed by direct mail concerning their addiction-training needs. Of these 382 licensed social workers, 76.9 percent responded to the survey (n = 294). The 20-item Index of Training Need’s interest scale was included in the survey and subject to exploratory factor analysis (EFA). Alpha reliability for the scale is .95. EFA of the scale provides initial evidence of a three-factor structure, but scree plot interpretation and subsequent analysis processes do not support this. The scale effectively quantifies a single general construct of addiction
training need for this population, and its items provide valuable information for social work addictions educators.
Article PDF: 112006.pdf  


Year: 2008 (Vol: 11 No: 2 Page: 13)

Title: A Professional Development Model for Increasing Substance Abuse and Mental Illness Knowledge of the Child Welfare Workforce
Author(s): Bibhuti K. Sar, Dan Wulff, Dana J. Sullivan, Pamela L. Weeks
Abstract:  The field of public child welfare is continuously challenged to identify ways to professionalize its workforce to address the problem of the increased incidence and prevalence of substance abuse and mental health issues among the families it serves. Kentucky has addressed this challenge by partnering with its state universities to jointly develop a specific curriculum focused on increasing child welfare workers’ substance abuse and mental health assessment and case management skills. This paper describes this innovative professional development partnership, the resulting curriculum, and the initial impact of the curriculum on the professional development of a group of child welfare workers.
Article PDF: 112013.pdf  


Year: 2008 (Vol: 11 No: 2 Page: 21)

Title: Attachment: Indicators from Caregivers and Toddlers – Implications for Adult Treatment
Author(s): Victoria Fitton, John Mooradian
Abstract:  An ethnographic study was conducted to observe indicators of healthy and pleasurable attachment between women caregivers and toddlers in natural environments. Nineteen dyads were observed for an average of 20.3 minutes. Data were collected in three ways: field notes, sketches, and reflexive writing. Six indicators of healthy and pleasurable attachment evolved from the coding process. Another fundamental component emerged from the study. Caregivers contained the environmental space for toddler safety and exploration. This supports the secure base functions of the attachment relationship. The indicators, and use of environmental space, provide categories for consideration in adult treatment and clinical education.
Article PDF: 112021.pdf  


Year: 2008 (Vol: 11 No: 2 Page: 37)

Title: Evaluating the Mentoring Program within Children’s Protective Services
Author(s): Richard Brooks, Rigo Montero, Tanya Netardus 
Abstract:  Retention of child welfare workers is a problem nationwide. The problem has existed for decades as evidenced by the Children’s Bureau 1960 report “In Search of Staff for Child Welfare,” which reported
“staffing shortages nationwide, and urged aggressive recruitment and retention strategies” (Bernotavicz, 1997). Although many retention programs have been developed over the years to address the problem in Children’s Protective Service agencies, the problem persists. In order to determine if the mentoring program was effective, evaluation of the program was necessary. The purpose of evaluating the mentoring program is to assist in obtaining further information regarding retention of child protective workers. This information will be helpful in determining the need for continuation of a mentoring program within Bexar County and to find out if there is a need to implement the program in stages of service other than Investigations, or throughout the agency statewide. In evaluating the Retention Agent Program, follow-up surveys within the organization were conducted to gather feedback on program efficacy and data on possible barriers to the program.
Article PDF: 112037.pdf  


Year: 2008 (Vol: 11 No: 2 Page: 44)

Title: Establishing a Virtual Learning Environment Using iPods in Social Work Research Norfolk State University
Author(s): Marvin D. Feit, Suk-Hee Kim, Margaret Massey, Med, Courtney Mitchell
Abstract:  This project involved the implementation of state-of-the-art iPod technology to enable participating students to download faculty lectures, PowerPoint presentations, and video recordings for access in an undergraduate social work research course at Norfolk State University (NSU). The objectives were to develop business processes along with logistical and technical strategies that would effectively provide for the creation and delivery of course content using iPods in an academic application. The development of learning materials using iPods has important implications for a new generation of continuing education students who need flexibility in keeping their knowledge current.
Article PDF: 112044.pdf  


Year: 2008 (Vol: 11 No: 2 Page: 51)

Title: Voices from the Past--Examining Some Unintended Consequences of Searching for Cultural Antecedents: The Mungiki Gang in Kenya
Author(s): Mary Ndande
Abstract:  African nations were preceded by cultures that were hundreds of years old that were absorbed by the nation states that emerged from the colonial period in the 1950’s and 1960’s. Much of Africa, to varying extents, has adopted the characteristics of nation states found in Europe, Asia, and the Americas. Common institutions such as education and government, a national language and currency, social welfare support programs, and a national identity have developed. However, tensions often remain between the nation state and the pre-existing cultures, and those tensions may present considerable challenges for professionals such as social workers, teachers, and police that provide human services. Kenya’s history is like that of much of Africa. It has an ancient past of thousands of years, and it is still largely agricultural but with rapid movements of rural populations to urban areas. The Mungiki, initially emerged as a cultural group whose ideals were supported by some members of the Kenyan parliament who complained about the adulteration of Kikuyu culture, and wanted Kikuyu youth to shun Western ways and instead learn the original Kikuyu values (Kikechi, 2007).
Article PDF: 112051.pdf  


Year: 2008 (Vol: 11 No: 3 Page: 3)

Title: Social Work Challenges for the 21st Century
Author(s): Michael Lauderdale, Michael Kelly, Noel Landuyt 
Article PDF: 113003.pdf  


Year: 2008 (Vol: 11 No: 3 Page: 8)

Title: Building Social Capital and Creating Innovation in Organizations
Author(s): Michael Lauderdale, Michael Kelly, Noel Landuyt 
Article PDF: 113008.pdf  


Year: 2008 (Vol: 11 No: 3 Page: 17)

Title: Social Capital: Implications for Human Service Organizations and Child Welfare
Author(s): Salvador Montana  
Abstract:  This is an exploratory study of the concept of social capital using a public human- service organization providing child welfare services as the basis for the study. Americans’ perceptions of public human service organizations remain largely negative. Public child welfare organizations epitomize these negative perceptions. Some have suggested that social learning theory and organizational learning perspectives can guide efforts aimed at improving the performance of public agencies. This study builds on these perspectives by examining organizational life through the conceptual lens of social capital. Findings from this study suggest an operationalization of social capital is possible using more definitive conceptualizations and definitions of the concept. Implications for social work/child welfare knowledge and practice, human service organizations, organizational leaders, and social work education are drawn.
Article PDF: 113017.pdf  


Year: 2008 (Vol: 11 No: 3 Page: 30)

Title: Organizational Excellence and Employee Retention in Social Work
Author(s): Dong Pil Yoon, Michael Kelly
Abstract:  Turnover is an important cost, performance, and morale challenge for any organization. Any turnover must be balanced against a number of factors. To understand and control the level of turnover it is important to have a working theory of variables that may account for turnover. One might suspect that pay, working conditions, education, gender, job satisfaction, and general organizational morale might all contribute. To see if these variables do account for turnover and to provide some insight into how organizational leadership is involved in understanding and controlling turnover, the authors turn to data from a standard organizational assessment and data recently gathered from a moderately sized human service organization in a Midwestern state. The tool used to assess organizational members’ attitudes on these variables is the Survey of Organizational Excellence. Some conditions -- such as low wages, poor facilities, and skimpy benefits -- will make people dissatisfied and prone to leave. These are the hygiene conditions. Other conditions -- such as challenging work, recognition, ability to pursue quality -- are factors that speak to the quality of leadership and opportunity to participate in the organization. They motivate people to work and to stay at the organization. When both conditions are met people stay, work hard, and build strong organizations. Organizations can utilize survey methods to assess factors that lead to employee retention or, conversely, high turnover.
Article PDF: 113030.pdf  


Year: 2008 (Vol: 11 No: 3 Page: 36)

Title: Influence of Workplace Features on Child Welfare Service Quality
Author(s): Monica Faulkner, Elisa Vinson Borah
Abstract:  An ethnographic study was conducted to observe indicators of healthy and pleasurable attachment.A substantial body of research exists documenting the impact of workplace features on the retention of child welfare workers. However, little evidence exists examining how those same workplace features affect services provided to children and families within the child welfare system. In this study, we examine the effects of multiple workplace characteristics on service quality perceptions. We use data from the Survey of Organizational Excellence, a biennial survey of all state agencies in Texas. We examine data from Texas Child Protective Services employees. Multiple regression was used to examine the impact of workplace features on service quality perceptions based on employee rank. Results suggest negative workplace environments lead to lower service quality perceptions. Employees most likely to be working directly with clients report low job satisfaction. Overall, employee perception of service quality is influenced by positive work accommodations and a positive organizational climate. Implications for professional development and training that incorporate these findings are discussed.
Article PDF: 113036.pd


Year: 2008 (Vol: 11 No: 3 Page: 50)

Title: Teamwork as a Remedy to Prevent Turnover Amongst U.S. Public Child Welfare Workers
Author(s): Jinman Kyonne
Abstract:  The high turnover rates among caseworkers have emerged in the past decade as one of the most serious issues within U.S. public child welfare agencies. Studies have found that high burnout rates, low job satisfaction, difficult organizational climates, and educational background are the major reasons for turnover. One area that has not been well explored is teamwork. This study develops a construct of “teamwork” to study its relationship to turnover. Logistical regression analysis was conducted on an anonymous random sample of the responses of 319 public child welfare caseworkers to an organizationwide survey conducted in one U.S. Midwestern state in 2005. Findings indicate that the workers’ positive perception of teamwork decreases their stated intentions to leave, whereas the workers’ burnout increases their stated intentions to leave. Based on the findings, implications for social work practice, social agency policy, and directions for future research are discussed.
Article PDF: 113050.pdf  


Year: 2008 (Vol: 11 No: 3 Page: 61)

Title: Book Review: Child Welfare and Best Practices 
Author(s): Laura Parker
Article PDF: 113061.pdf  

Year: 2009 (Vol: 12 No: 1 Page: 3)

Title: Broad Perspectives in Continuing Social Work Education
Author(s): Michael Lauderdale, Michael Kelly, Noel Landuyt 
Article PDF: 121003.pdf  


Year: 2009 (Vol: 12 No: 1 Page: 4)

Title: Using Global and International Community Practice Case Studies to Enhance Critical Thinking about Domestic Community Participation, Social Power, and Global Connections in United States Professional Social Work Education
Author(s): Larry M. Gant, Julia Paley 
Abstract:In an effort to connect local domestic issues in a Midwest post-industrial city to global issues of economy and politics, the authors developed a variation of a “think globally, think locally, act locally” paradigm.  This article discusses the infusion of global content into two professional social work education courses that comprised core content for an urban Community Based Initiative (CBI) in a large Midwestern public university located forty miles from the urban area. “Conceptual infusion” includes critical thinking about power relations, multiple meanings of participation, and the importance of global political and economic trends.  “Structural infusion” includes application of theory to community practice.  The impact of curriculum change was assessed by pre- and post-course questionnaires completed by course participants.  The researchers used a grounded theory approach for qualitative data coding, analysis, and interpretation of 26 pre- and post-course questionnaires.  Findings show improved understanding of global connections, power analysis, and participation in United States, Latin America, and Africa.  The article concludes with implications for continuing social work education and macro community practice.
Article PDF: 121004.pdf  


Year: 2009 (Vol: 12 No: 1 Page: 18)

Title: Gender, Race, Job Satisfaction and the Social Services 
Author(s): Nalini Negi 
Abstract: Social service work provides very low antecedents to job satisfaction mainly due to the high stress, relatively low financial reward, and often heavy work load. This study contributes to the sparse research on job satisfaction among social service employees. The study of job satisfaction is particularly relevant in these times due to rapid demographic shifts as well as often deep budget cuts in the social services. These dynamics have frequently led to social service employees shouldering the burden of higher demand with fewer resources. An understanding of job satisfaction is then essential to equip and to retain social service workers for these ongoing challenges. This study compares the satisfaction of women and men in social service employment. The understanding of gender relationship to job satisfaction is crucial as the majority of social service providers are female. Race is equally important in the study of job satisfaction due to the strong emphasis social service work places on multicultural understanding and inclusion. The results of this study reveal significant differences in the levels of job satisfaction for female and male employees, as well as those of different ethnic/racial minority backgrounds.
Article PDF: 121018pdf  


Year: 2009 (Vol: 12 No: 1 Page: 27)

Title: Evaluating Two Agency-Based Training Programs from the Perspective of the Participants: What Worked for Whom?
Author(s): Helen Crohnm, Roni Berger
Abstract:A cross-sectional survey was used to evaluate two agency-based training programs. Program-specific questionnaires were administered to 85 clinical staff of diverse personal and professional backgrounds to study the degree to which these educational endeavors achieved their goals from the perspectives of the participants. These programs were offered by a large urban mental health and social service agency. Findings indicated a moderate to high perceived efficacy. Three unexpected findings are reported here: (1) participants valued collegial contact and the opportunity to discuss their work most highly; (2) participants valued gaining cutting edge knowledge less highly; and (3) participants of color perceived that the training programs helped them feel more valued by the agency, boosted their morale, and contributed to their retention at the agency significantly more so than the white study participants. Implications for social work professional development will be discussed.
Article PDF: 121027.pdf  


Year: 2009 (Vol: 12 No: 1 Page: 38)

Title: Caring for the Genetics Services Needs of Children and Families:  Exploring the Information Needs of Healthcare Providers
Author(s): Mary S. Tijerina, Katherine Selber, Virginia Rondero Hernandez
Abstract:A web-based survey explored perceptions of medical and allied health practitioners (n=86) about the statewide genetics services delivery system and types of knowledge needed to care for persons affected by suspected or diagnosed genetic conditions.  Respondents viewed the system as fragmented, with service availability concentrated in urban areas.  Cost of genetics services and practitioners’ lack of knowledge about available services were identified as barriers to referral.  Practitioners were perceived as knowledgeable about risk assessment, e.g., recognizing need for genetics services, but less knowledgeable about the clinical application of genetics information and identifying psychosocial problems requiring referral.  Implications are discussed for strengthening the genetics system and for enhancing the genetics education of allied health professionals.
Article PDF: 121038.pdf  


Year: 2009 (Vol: 12 No: 1 Page: 51)

Title: Changing in Frontline Family Worker's Burnout and Job satisfaction: Evaluating the Missouri Family Development Credential Program
Author(s): Deborah B. Smith
Abstract: Frontline family workers have stressful jobs.  The Missouri Family Development Credential (MO FDC) program teaches frontline workers how to create partnerships with families they assist.  This may relieve some of the burden of the job by assigning responsibilities to both worker and family members.  To evaluate the program we use a quasi-experimental research design to gather data from program participants and from a comparison group of other social service workers for a total sample size of 229.  Evaluation results indicate positive impacts for workers.  At the bivariate level, we find significant differences in the amount and direction of change documented between pre- and post-training data collection with MO FDC participants’ scores of global self-esteem, mastery, and professional self-esteem increasing and the comparison group’s scores decreasing.  The MO FDC participants also report a decrease in feelings of burnout while the comparison group feels more burnt out.  At the multivariate level, after controlling for demographic and work environment characteristics, FDC participants are significantly more likely to report being less burnt out at Wave 2 than at Wave1, and FDC participants are also significantly more likely to report bigger increases in their feelings of mastery than the comparison group.
Article PDF: 121051.pdf  


Year: 2009 (Vol: 12 No: 1 Page: 61)

Title: Veterans Return to Civilian Life: A Review of Factors Associated with a Resilient Outcome and How Social Workers Can Prepare to Help
Author(s): Alexa Smith-Obsborne
Abstract: Public concern over the treatment of returning injured service members from Operation Enduring Freedom and Operation Iraqi Freedom has escalated as deployment periods have lengthened, recuperation periods have shortened, and reports of inadequate case management and services have proliferated.  Even before military operations began in Iraq, the Veterans Administration had noted a surge in the number of disability claims for PTSD (posttraumatic stress disorder).  Significant delays in processing disability claims and accessing timely treatment for veterans have also been identified as problems.  These trends suggest the need for rapid mobilization of updated social work staff development in all areas pertaining to services for veterans and their families.

Article PDF: 121061.pdf  


Year: 2009 (Vol: 12 No: 2 Page: 3)

Title: Commissioning Letter
Author(s): Michael Lauderdale, Michael Kelly, Noel Landuyt 
Article PDF: 122003.pdf  


Year: 2009 (Vol: 12 No: 2 Page: 4)

Title: Special Issue Editor's Comments
Author(s): Katherine Selber
Article PDF: 122004.pdf  


Year: 2009 (Vol: 12 No: 2 Page: 6)

Title: An Afternoon In Juárez
Author(s): David Danelo
Abstract:David Danelo is an author of two books, one dealing with his combat experiences as a Marine in Iraq and his most recent recounting a series of travels along the entire Mexico-United States border from Brownsville and Matamoros to San Diego and Tijuana. A graduate of the U. S. Naval Academy David brings his combat experiences in the Middle East to seek to untangle the causes of the cartel wars on the border and what might be answers to these problems.

Article PDF: 122006.pdf  


Year: 2009 (Vol: 12 No: 2 Page: 12)

Title: Mexico: Past, Present, and Future
Author(s): Michael Lauderdale, Michael Kelly, Noel Landuyt 
Abstract:In the beginning throes of vast economic decline and with a new presidency, the United States faces enormous decisions. None is greater than the response to events underway in Mexico, and yet the events do not have the deserved attention in either country. This is one article in a Special Edition of our journal examining aspects of issues between the United States and Mexico. The article covers well-known but often forgotten historical occurrences in Mexico, looks at Mexico’s efforts to pattern itself as an economy like the United States, and concludes with an enumeration of some of the great challenges that loom for Mexico and the United States.
Article PDF: 122012.pdf  


Year: 2009 (Vol: 12 No: 2 Page: 36)

Title: Building Social Capital Between the U.S. and Mexico: Then and Now
Author(s): Michael Lauderdale, Michael Kelly, Noel Landuyt 
Abstract:Following a review of historical factors connected to today’s crisis along the U.S.-Mexico border, this paper examines the author’s experiences in the late 1970s and 1980s in Mexico as a university professor, a health and human services program developer, and researcher, yielding a qualitative perspective. The challenges of the seventies and eighties are briefly contrasted to recent developments.
Article PDF: 122036.pdf  


Year: 2009 (Vol: 12 No: 2 Page: 45)

Title: Mexico's Drug Wars: Implication and Perspectives from California and California's San Joaquin Valley 
Author(s): Salvador Montana and H. Stephen Cooper 
Abstract:This essay discusses Mexico’s drug war along the California-Mexico border occurring in the Tijuana, Mexico, border region.  The authors also discuss Mexican drug trafficking into the United States from the San Diego-Tijuana border region and moving north to the San Joaquin Valley of California, one the most prosperous agricultural regions in the country. The authors examine the intersection of Mexican drug wars along the border, drug trafficking to the north, immigration from Mexico, and the San Joaquin Valley’s agricultural economy and its relationship to socioeconomic conditions in the area. The human cost of the drug trade on residents of the San Joaquin Valley is also presented.  The authors suggest that the San Joaquin Valley, one of the most economically depressed regions in the U.S. despite its successful agribusiness, may be more vulnerable to the influences of Mexican drug trade than other areas of the country, and also to current U.S. immigration policy meant to secure the U.S-Mexico border.
Article PDF: 122045.pdf  


Year: 2009 (Vol: 12 No: 2 Page: 57)

Title: Texas-Mexico Borderlands: The Slide Toward Chaos 
Author(s): Dudley Althaus 
Abstract:The well-known journalist and current chief of the Houston Chronicle’s Mexico City Bureau recounts his years and experiences writing about the historically rich and culturally complex communities in the Borderlands. He notes how the early presence of cocaine began in the lower Valley and ends with the hopelessness most graphic in Juarez.
Article PDF: 122057.pdf  


Year: 2009 (Vol: 12 No: 3 Page: 3)

Title: Reverberations from the Great Border
Author(s): Kelly, Landuyt, Lauderdale, Selber, and Swanson 
Article PDF: 123003.pdf 


Year: 2009 (Vol: 12 No: 3 Page: 6)

Title: Working in the Borderland:  Implications for Social Work Education
Author(s): Peralta, Anderson and Roditti
Abstract: The U.S.-Mexico border area has a higher rate of poverty, a higher percentage of high school dropouts, and a greater disparity in health care than other areas of this country. A large portion of the border population  lives in colonias, which are unincorporated communities that typically have  substandard housing, no roads, no police or fire protection, nor other elements of basic infrastructure such as  water, sewer, and electric services. Most of the people living in these colonias are Mexican-American. The effective delivery of services to this population is often limited by a language barrier and a lack of culturally sensitive services.  These problems are explored along with their implications for social work education.
Article PDF: 123006.pdf 


Year: 2009 (Vol: 12 No: 3 Page: 17)

Title: Best Practices for Working with Pregnant Latina Adolescents along the Texas-Mexico Border
Author(s): Pittman, Feldman, Ramírez and Arredondo
Abstract:The Latina/o population, the fastest growing minority group in the U.S. (Pew Hispanic Center, 2008), encounters problems similar to those of  other ethnic groups in utilizing health care; however, they are largely misunderstood and underserved mostly because Anglo models that incorporate  the importance of individuality and independence do not resonate with the Latina/o culture. This paper presents a best-practices framework for working with pregnant Latina adolescents that includes salient Latina/o cultural values of familismo, personalismo, simpatía, and respeto. While it is recognized that Latina/os are a diverse group, generalizations based on our target pregnant adolescent population of the Lower Rio Grande Valley Texas-Mexico border area are applicable to working with most Latina/os.
Article PDF: 123017.pdf 


Year: 2009 (Vol: 12 No: 3 Page: 29)

Title: Moving Around to Get By and Try to Get Ahead: Immigration Experiences in New Settlement Communities of the Midwest
Author(s): Valdivia and Dannerbeck Janku
Abstract: In recent decades, towns across the United States have experienced an increase in culturally distinct newcomers, primarily from Latin America.  A key characteristic of these newcomers is a tendency to move around until they find a place to settle.  A recent study in Missouri found that, along with racial profiling, mobility had a significant negative impact on income earnings, especially for foreign-born female immigrants.  Why do people move around so much, and why do mobility, being foreign born and a woman, have such a negative impact on earnings?  This study addresses these questions through case studies of Latina immigrants in three new settlement communities in the Midwest.  This study examines their moves, the reasons for moves, the processes by which they settle or move on, and how income is affected by mobility, origins, and gender.  Understanding the perspective of the newcomers will help human service providers better meet their needs.
Article PDF: 123029.pdf 


Year: 2009 (Vol: 12 No: 3 Page: 42)

Title: Journey to the Drop House
Author(s): Westbrook
Abstract:While slowly it dawns on the public, law enforcement and human services professionals that Mexican immigration is exploding with serious and complex consequences, less is understood about the lives of those that risk crossing illegally. Drawn from a variety of case examples this article provides an all too typical illustration of that passage, and it details the reasons and some of the characteristics of the growing numbers of “drop houses” that appear in towns now miles beyond the immediate Mexican border.
Article PDF: 123042.pdf


Year: 2009 (Vol: 12 No: 3 Page: 48)

Title: Tuberculosis and Stigma: Two Case Studies in El Paso, Texas, and Ciudad Juárez, Mexico
Author(s): Moya and Lusk 
Abstract: This paper elucidates the difficulties and challenges associated with securing a definitive tuberculosis diagnosis, managing the disease, adhering to treatment, and enduring social stigma by an in-depth review of two cases of persons with tuberculosis, participants of the TB Photovoice Project in the U.S.-Mexico Border context.
Article PDF: 123048.pdf


Year: 2009 (Vol: 12 No: 3 Page: 59)

Title: Globalization: Unanticipated Consequences 
Author(s):  Lauderdale 
Abstract:Globalization in several forms has been a dominant theme at times in the world since Cyrus the Great of Persia, and later, the Romans, both empires which pushed far from home to distant lands. In more recent times -- since 1648--  globalization was driven by the colonial powers of Europe. Late in the 20th century globalization was generated by international capitalism as well as technological advances and the search for cheaper resources, including labor. This phase of globalization is likely ending as cheap oil and other resources critical for industrialized societies become dearer, and with the United States spread thin with foreign responsibilities and mounting debts. Yet the impact of globalization continues to play out with unforeseen events. Some of those that first affected the American Southwest and Mexican Border are examined. These events will force new directions upon the United States. The directions chosen are not clear but the direction that is chosen will have a substantial impact on the nation and its neighbors. We end with a consideration of strategic and tactical alternatives to deal with the Mexican collapse, and the resulting high levels of refugees, and the growing violence in Mexico and on the border that are being projected into the United States.
Article PDF: 123059.pdf

Year: 2010 (Vol: 13 No: 1 Page: 3)

Title: Social Work at the Beginning of the Great Recession
Author(s): Lauderdale, Kelly, and Landuyt
Article PDF: 131003.pdf  


Year: 2010 (Vol: 13 No: 1 Page: 6)

Title: Rural Social Workers’ Priorities for Professional Development: Using an Exploratory Survey as Assessment
Author(s): Conley, Murphy, Ewan and Stoeckel
Abstract:  A survey of social workers in a rural, western state was conducted to assess their priorities for professional development.  Research questions were conceptualized to determine which issues are most important to members of the state’s chapter of the National Association of Social Workers (NASW), including overall perceptions of NASW and suggestions for additional professional development opportunities.  The response rate of 1,001 current, past, and potential NASW members surveyed was 49.2 percent, though 62 percent of the current NASW membership responded.  All respondents identified advocacy and education as the priorities for professional development opportunities through the state chapter. 
Article PDF: 131006.pdf  


Year: 2010 (Vol: 13 No: 1 Page: 16)

Title: Retention of Title IV-E and Non-Title IV-E Child Protective Service Practitioners
Author(s): Leung, Brown, Chavkin, Fong and Urwin
Abstract:  This study conducted in a southwestern state with BSW and MSW Title IV-E (n=350) and non-Title IV-E (n=350) public child welfare practitioners affirms and expands the literature about why practitioners choose to stay and why they choose to leave the public child welfare system. The findings add new knowledge about retention of public child welfare practitioners who have received professional development by participating in Title IV-E professional education.  Specific research questions of this study are related to (1) primary reasons for staying at Child Protective Services (CPS) after initial employment; (2) potential reasons for leaving CPS; and (3) motivating factors for continuously working at CPS.  The article presents similarities and differences between Title IV-E and non-Title IV-E practitioners and discusses implications for retention strategies and future research.
Article PDF: 131016.pdf  


Year: 2010 (Vol: 13 No: 1 Page: 27)

Title: Social Policy Advocacy Evaluation: A More Complete Model for Social Work
Author(s): Cochran
Abstract:  As a master’s level social worker, my research training focused on evaluation methods for professional practice. However, when I began working as a children’s public health policy analyst and advocate, I was surprised when I attended a national training on evaluating policy advocacy in which the presenters discussed the professional community’s struggle to measure policy advocacy interventions. It was then I decided to synthesize a model which could be easily applied by policy advocates—in particular those within the social work profession—to evaluate their professional practice of policy advocacy intervention.
Article PDF: 131027.pdf  


Year: 2010 (Vol: 13 No: 1 Page: 40)

Title: Educating Social Workers on Child Neglect: A Multi-Dimensional Framework for Assessment
Author(s): Bundy-Fazioli and Hamilton
Abstract:  Generalist social work educators have the task of ensuring that social work students are adequately prepared for the workforce. In 2006, the Bureau of Labor Statistics indicated 282,000 social workers were employed as child, family, and school social workers. The Bureau of Labor Statistics also estimates that the number of child, family, and school social workers will grow faster than the average (19%) of all other occupations. Given the fact that a large percentage of graduating social workers nationwide will enter into the child welfare workforce, we advocate that curriculum time and attention be given to educating students about child neglect. Also we argue that child welfare workers are not the only ones who should be familiar with assessing for child neglect. The purpose of this article is to provide the reader with a rationale for educating social workers in the area of child neglect and to propose a multidimensional framework for assessment within the social work curriculum.
Article PDF: 131040.pdf  


Year: 2010 (Vol: 13 No: 1 Page: 47)

Title: Book Review: Out of Reach: Place, Poverty, and the New American Welfare State
Author(s): Moodie-Dyer
Abstract:  As more and more families are turning to safety net services because of the economic downturn, it is at exactly this moment that the safety net itself is facing so many hardships because of decreased availability of government funding and private giving. In the current economic crisis, Scott W. Allard’s book, Out of Reach: Place, Poverty, and the New American Welfare State, becomes even more relevant as it attempts to show how environmental factors --such as geographic location, types of services offered, and types of clients served -- influence the institutional decisions of safety net organizations.
Article PDF: 131047.pdf  


Year: 2010 (Vol: 13 No: 1 Page: 49)

Title: Book Review: Beyond Humanitarianism: What You Need to Know about Africa and Why It Matters
Author(s): Mungai
Abstract:  The book, Beyond Humanitarianism: What You Need to Know about Africa and Why It Matters, was compiled by Council senior fellows from many different sources, principally but not entirely from articles in Foreign Affairs, Independent Task Force reports, Council Special reports, and the Council’s website—http://www.CFR.org.  From a U.S. policy perspective, the book is based on current events on the African continent that are of concern to the U.S.
Article PDF: 131049.pdf  


Year: 2010 (Vol: 13 No: 1 Page: 52)

Title: Book Review: Hot, Flat, and Crowded: How We Need a Green Revolution – and How It Can Renew America
Author(s): Parker
Abstract:  Hot, Flat, and Crowded: How We Need a Green Revolution – and How It Can Renew America by Thomas L. Friedman is a book about America.  It is a wake-up call, explaining where we are, how we got here, and how we can move forward. It is a book about the impact of America on the rest of the world. It is a call for immediate action that is intended to both awaken and to inspire.
Article PDF: 131052.pdf  


Year: 2010 (Vol: 13 No: Page: 3)

Title: From the Editors
Author(s): Lauderdale, Kelly, and Landuyt
Article PDF: 132003.pdf  


Year: 2010 (Vol: 13 No: Page: 5)

Title: Quality of Service Perceptions Among Service Providers in Texas
Author(s): Held, Alawiyah, and Streeter
Abstract:  Human service organizations face increasing expectations for providing high quality services. While numerous barriers pose challenges to meeting this expectation, many factors within an organization’s control affect employee and consumer perceptions of the quality of services being provided. This paper aims to fill this gap by assessing the relationship between worker accommodations, employment development, team effectiveness, and employee satisfaction and perceptions of service quality among providers in public human service agencies in Texas. The results indicated that team effectiveness and employee satisfaction made the largest unique contributions. In addition, age became a significant predictor in the second step when the independent variables were added to the model. Worker accommodations and employment development were not significant predictors in the regression model.
Article PDF: 132005.pdf  


Year: 2010 (Vol: 13 No: Page: 15)

Title: Promoting Supervisory Development in Child Welfare:  Utilization of 360-Degree Evaluation
Author(s): Collins-Camargo, Sullivan and Murphy
Abstract:  The purpose of this study was to evaluate the impact of a professional development initiative designed to improve casework supervision in one state’s child welfare agency. The 360-degree evaluation process was implemented by having supervisors and managers evaluated by direct reports, peers, managers, and themselves. A mixed-methods design was selected that incorporated both an electronic survey and focus groups.  The findings suggest a wide variety of experiences with and perceptions of the process, as well as behavior change in supervisory practices.  This project represents a first step in documenting the potential use of processes such as the 360-degree evaluation to promote practice change and systematic improvement as part of the development of a learning organization in human services.
Article PDF: 132015.pdf  


Year: 2010 (Vol: 13 No: Page: 33)

Title: Efficacy of One-day Trainings as They Relate to Mental Health Clinicians
Author(s): Dlugosz and Koons
Abstract:  This review critically analyzes selected published works on the topic of one-day trainings as they concern training clinicians who work in the human service sector.  The focus of this review is to provide a foundation to further legitimize one-day trainings specifically for human services providers, and to provide a general overview of the success of this type of training approach.  Additionally, this review will examine the underpinnings of the one-day training structure and present some of the reasoning behind the push for one-day trainings.
Article PDF: 132033.pdf  


Year: 2010 (Vol: 13 No: Page: 42)

Title: Caregiving Roles of Co-Resident Grandmothers in Three Generational Households
Author(s): Mulder
Abstract:  This article considers the phenomenon of grandparent caregiving within three generational households through a theoretical lens of role theory, and from the perspectives of co-resident adolescent mothers and their mothers. Twenty-six pairs of household members described grandmother caregiving experiences during in-depth qualitative interviews. Grandmother caregiving roles varied from nearly co-parent status to relationships with clear boundaries. In addition, grandmothers were frequently identified as family matriarchs, teachers, and role models. Role strains resulted from emotional, physical, and financial caregiving for co-resident grandchildren. Close relationships and good health facilitated role enhancement among grandmother caregivers.
Article PDF: 132042.pdf  


Year: 2010 (Vol: 13 No: Page: 55)

Title: A Survey of Continuing Education Programs Conducted by Professional Development:The International Journal of Continuing Social Work Education
Author(s): Cochran and Landuyt
Abstract:  The needs of individuals and the most effective ways that can be used to help them are constantly evolving. Therefore, social workers involved in helping efforts must continually be engaged in learning and education to stay informed. In order to accomplish this, continuing education (CE) is an integral part of the social work profession. As a result of the importance of continuing social work education for professional practice, states and provinces, through governmental authority, have made obtaining CE hours a requirement for maintaining professional competency and skills. However, CE requirements and administration are operated on a location-by-location basis. As a result of this reality, there are different jurisdictions and little connection or coordination in CE program information. A first step in increasing this coordination and communication is to gather information from the various CE programs. The collection and dissemination of programmatic information would act as a benchmark and a resource for CE program directors, program administrators, and the broader social services community. Also such data would operate as an impetus in shaping future collaboration between programs, which has the potential to improve the overall quality and effectiveness of CE programs.
Article PDF: 132055.pdf  


Year: 2010 (Vol: 13 No: Page: 73)

Title: Book Review: Sustainable Agriculture and Food Security in an Era of Oil Scarcity: Lessons from Cuba
Author(s): Kaiser
Abstract:  How does a nation whose food production is dependent upon imported supplies change to a locally sustainable system to achieve food security?  Julia Wright provides enlightening, well-researched documentation of Cuba’s rapid shift from an industrialized food system dependent upon energy inputs in the form of petrol, oil, and fertilizers, back to a traditional agrarian system, a change brought about by the end of the USSR.  Wright provides relevant and timely lessons in terms of peak oil usage and climate change.   
Article PDF: 132073.pdf  


Year: 2010 (Vol: 13 No: Page: 3)

Title: From the Editors
Author(s): Lauderdale, Kelly, and Landuyt
Article PDF: 133003.pdf  


Year: 2010 (Vol: 13 No: Page: 4)

Title: Perceptions of Professional Intervention by Parental Advocates for  Autistic Children: A Need to Improve Practice with Self-help Groups and Those with Developmental Disabilities 
Author(s): Carter
Abstract:  Recent budget constraints on government social welfare spending have resulted in increases in the activity levels of self-help groups for those suffering from autism. Currently, some self-help groups for children with developmental disabilities propose social policy initiatives that would increase the ability of social welfare programs to meet their needs, which would benefit society as a whole. Historically, support groups, assisted by a larger organization, involved social workers while self-help groups, independent of professionals, promoted change. However, self-help groups and support groups have common characteristics. The author’s study of 22 parental advocates of children with autism in the Greater Toronto Area has revealed several unmet needs and sources of frustration with regard to governmental support for developmental disabilities, self-help group dynamics, and parental experiences with professionals. Referring to key findings in this study, the author will survey the literature in order to examine relevant issues more deeply and to come up with suggestions for possible solutions. An outline of suggestions will be made regarding ways in which professionals could more effectively support families touched by a member with a disability as well as support for the self-help groups in which they are involved.
Article PDF: 133004.pdf  


Year: 2010 (Vol: 13 No: Page: 16)

Title: Service Learning and Millennial Students: Benefits and Challenges to a Team-Based Approach
Author(s): Williams and Falk
Abstract:  The current study examines millennial students’ perceptions of the benefits and challenges of a team-based service learning course.  The study was conducted in a Family Studies department within a comprehensive, metropolitan university in the U.S.  Open-ended responses to exit interviews with graduating seniors were analyzed. Results indicated that students appreciated the opportunity to engage in hands-on, real-world experience.  They both liked and were challenged by the team aspect of their service learning projects.  The authors suggest that consideration of student and site characteristics can optimize benefits of service learning for both parties.
Article PDF: 133016.pdf  


Year: 2010 (Vol: 13 No: Page: 25)

Title: Building Trust and Solidarity with Campus Policing: Interventions for Social Capital
Author(s): Landuyt, Lauderdale, Montgomery, Dahlstrom, Lein, Springer, Bell and Chang
Abstract:  The appropriate role of the police officer and his or her relations with citizens has changed over several decades. Those roles and relations are especially critical in college situations; the University of Texas at Austin has had concerns for many years going back at least to the Whitman shooting in 1967 on the need for uniformed officers. In more recent years, there have been concerns regarding officer conduct and questioning if instances of racial profiling existed. To secure empirical information about contacts and relations with University of Texas at Austin Police Department (UTPD) and the citizens on the University campus, the UTPD Oversight Committee arranged to have University researchers with experience in these areas conduct a study of the University’s officers and their contacts. The study consists of three parts. The first two parts are 1) field observational studies that report information on how officers go about their assigned duties and 2) interviews of persons that have been stopped by officers. The third part is an internet-based assessment of the experiences citizens have had after an encounter with an officer. The study began in November of 2008 and is ongoing (as of publication date). The findings are that of a broad and diverse group of citizens on campus including students, faculty, staff and visitors. Findings show that night experiences are very different from day experiences and strong seasonal patterns appear as well. There was no finding of a systematic bias of officers toward any particular group and one overall conclusion is that citizens view UTPD officers as well-trained, responsive and courteous. 
Article PDF: 133025.pdf  


Year: 2010 (Vol: 13 No: Page: 48)

Title: Child Welfare Supervisors – “Stuck in the Middle”: The Impact of Middle Management Status
Author(s): Ausbrooks
Abstract:  Staff turnover rates in child welfare have been the focus of research for several decades (Arches, 1991; Baumann, Kern, McFadden, & Law, 1997; Ellett, Ellett, & Rugutt, 2003; Fox, Miller, & Barbee, 2003; Maceachron, Gustavsson, Lavitt, & Bartle, 2009; Morris, 2005).  However, the impact of organizational climate on the crucial role of child welfare supervisors has scarcely been explored.  A qualitative study was conducted with 50 child welfare supervisors to determine aspects of the organizational climate that contributed to employment longevity.   Results of the study indicate that supervisors experience high levels of dissatisfaction with the agency related to their middle-management status and perceived lack of power.  In addition, supervisors whose personal mission was synonymous with the agency mission were more likely to remain employed.  These findings are discussed as well as implications for child welfare and social work education.
Article PDF: 133048.pdf  


Year: 2010 (Vol: 13 No: Page: 61)

Title: Book Review: Mental Health and Social Policy: Beyond Managed Care, 5th ed.
Author(s): Tubbergen
Article PDF: 133061.pdf  

Year: 2011 (Vol: 14 No: Page: 3)

Title: From the Editors
Author(s): Lauderdale, Kelly, and Landuyt
Article PDF: 141003.pdf  


Year: 2011 (Vol: 14 No: Page: 7)

Title: Integrating Research Activities and Field Experiences in Graduate Social Work Education
Author(s): Carter, Yun, Kvarfordt and Park
Abstract:  This paper explores the variety of ways Masters’ of Social Work (MSW) programs across Canada integrate classroom research activities with field experiences. By conducting a review of the websites of Canadian schools of social work, the authors note the ways in which Canadian schools of social work require students to meet the accreditation standards for the Canadian Association of Social Work Education (CASWE). Using a case example, they discuss the methods and benefits of integrating classroom research activities with field experiences. The authors reaffirm the value of integrating the two experiences in ensuring the professional development of excellent research and practical skills in MSW students.
Article PDF: 141007.pdf  


Year: 2011 (Vol: 14 No: Page: 15)

Title: Can Continuing Education Curricula Effectively Teach Professionals? A Case for Using a          Curriculum Assessment Tool for Initial and Ongoing Evaluation
Author(s): James and Carter
Abstract:  Continuing professional education (CPE) is expected and required in most human services professions. Increased use of CPE requires methods for evaluating and credentialing training workshops or courses. This paper describes the development of a tool for assessing important aspects of CPE training: curriculum content and instructional methods. The tool identifies standards based on social worker learning needs, theories of adult learning, and continuing education assessment.  This tool is flexible as to content and learning needs and it is easy to use. It can help continuing education coordinators, human relations departments, training consultants and developers, and credentialing organizations improve training quality and monitor training effectiveness. 
Article PDF: 141015.pdf  


Year: 2011 (Vol: 14 No: Page: 23)

Title:The Second Annual Survey of Continuing Education Programs Conducted by Professional Development: The International Journal of Continuing Social Work Education
Author(s): Cochran and Landuyt
Abstract: In 2009, Professional Development: The International Journal of Continuing Social Work Education conducted a survey of continuing education (CE) programs in North America. Results of this survey were published in the Journal  in the summer 2010. The purpose of this survey was to establish a foundation of information to act as a benchmark and a resource for CE program directors, program administrators, and the broader social services community. Also, the collection of this information was intended to operate as an impetus in shaping future collaboration between programs, which has the potential to improve the overall quality and effectiveness of CE programs. Investigators from Professional Development: The International Journal of Continuing Social Work Education re-administered the survey in 2010 and this report updates the responses from the 2009 survey of CE programs as well as reports responses from the 2010 survey.
Article PDF: 141023.pdf  


Year: 2011 (Vol: 14 No: Page: 35)

Title: Promoting Accessibility and Adding Value to Social Work Education
Author(s): Carter, Leslie and Angell
Abstract:  This paper highlights the development of an interdisciplinary Honours Disability Studies Program, at the University of Windsor, stressing that the collaborative support of dedicated faculty, activists, and community organizations made it possible. The program was based on the social model of disability that is compatible with the social work values of social justice and accessibility and social work’s commitment to diversity and the elimination of oppression. The field of disability studies is presented as a venue for broadening the value of social work education by adding perspectives from interdisciplinary fields that transcend single disciplines. The authors conclude that social work and disability studies, in combination, result in interdisciplinary courses and programs about disability, policy advocacy about disability, and actions that promote accessibility.

Article PDF: 141035.pdf  


Year: 2011 (Vol: 14 No: Page: 45)

Title: Book Review: Planet Water: Investing in the World’s Most Valuable Resource by Steve J. Hoffman
Author(s): Alhassan
Article PDF: 141045.pdf  


Year: 2011 (Vol: 14 No: Page: 48)

Title: Book Review: Valuing Children:  Rethinking the Economics of the Family by Nancy Folbre
Author(s): Keyes
Article PDF: 141048.pdf  


Year: 2011 (Vol: 14 No:Page: 9)

Title: From the Editors’ Desk: Proceedings of the Global Security Summit with Admiral Bob Inman
Author(s): Lauderdale, Kelly, and Landuyt
Article PDF: 142009.pdf  


Year: 2011 (Vol: 14 No:Page: 10)

Title:Commentary: Get Ready Now
Author(s): Inman
Abstract:  Adapted from closing remarks at the Global Security Summit, March 23, 2011, co-sponsored by the Greater Austin Crime Commission and Robert S. Strauss Center for International Security and Law at The University of Texas at Austin and the Lyndon Baines Johnson Library. The summit panel discussions and presentations are available online at http://www.strausscenter.org/events/156.
Article PDF: 142010.pdf  


Year: 2011 (Vol: 14 No:Page: 13)

Title: The Need for All-Hazard Awareness and Risk Assessment in a Devolving Border Environment
Author(s): Hamilton and Furley
Abstract:  The risks associated with an increasingly unstable United States/Mexico border are growing national concerns in both countries. Headlines often include quotes from leaders of both nations that express outrage over reports of human trafficking, drug cartel activity, and the murder of civilians and government officials. And while the threats resulting from lawless behaviors are real, any consideration of the dangers that both nations face along the border is incomplete without a recurring, informed deliberation on the risks associated with the aforementioned threats and other hazards. Security and risk management along the U.S./Mexico border is a pressing issue that will require well-informed decisions to make effective mitigation investments. Until both countries and the affected states join in collaborative efforts to periodically assess the full spectrum of threats and hazards to identify and prioritize the real risks, it will be increasingly difficult to distinguish perceived or sensationalized threats (often highlighted in the news media) from hazards that are potentially catastrophic to one or both nations and develop the best risk mitigation plans for residents on both sides of the border.
Article PDF: 142013.pdf  


Year: 2011 (Vol: 14 No:Page: 19)

Title:Mexico’s Law Enforcement Challenge: The Case Study of Ciudad Juarez
Author(s): Ainslie
Abstract:  With respect to Drug Trafficking Organizations (DTOs), there is a long-standing history of corruption and collusion within Mexican law enforcement that goes back to the 1970s when Rafael Aguilar, the head of the Federal Security Directorate (DFS by it’s Mexican acronym) in the state of Chihuahua, became one of the founders of the Juarez Cartel. Until his death in 1997, Amado Carrillo Fuentes, who rose to take over the Juarez Cartel, was known to have highly placed contacts within Mexican law enforcement, beginning with the Mexican Federal Judicial Police, which controlled the highways and the airports, to state and municipal police forces which he controlled outright in the states that were of importance to the Juarez Cartel’s operations.   The same is true of the other powerful Mexican drug cartels – historically they have had a firm grip on the law enforcement agencies in the states where they operate and, at times, at the federal level as well.  For this reason, there have been many efforts to clean up Mexico’s various police forces, and most have met with mixed results at best.  Yet, effectively combating DTOs requires effective law enforcement.
Article PDF: 142019.pdf  


Year: 2011 (Vol: 14 No:Page: 27)

Title: Austin from a Different Perspective
Author(s): Thrash
Abstract:  As with any large metropolitan area, especially one that has experienced the drastic growth that Austin has seen, the area has its share of crime including drug trafficking.  What is unsettling, however, is the role Austin now plays in the globally scoped, highly compartmentalized, and unusually disciplined underworld of the Mexican drug cartels. Mexican drug cartel leaders operate from a shroud of secrecy - and to some degree security - in Mexico, while leveraging generational and familial ties in cities across the United States to carry out orders and conduct business on behalf of these Mexico-based bosses.
Article PDF: 142027.pdf  


Year: 2011 (Vol: 14 No:Page: 36)

Title:The Dying Elephant: Prelude to a Failed State
Author(s): Lauderdale
Abstract:  Globalization in several forms has been a dominant theme at times in the world since Cyrus the Great of Persia, and later, the Romans, both empires which pushed far from home to distant lands. In more recent times -- since 1648--  globalization was driven by the colonial powers of Europe. Late in the 20th century globalization was generated by international capitalism as well as technological advances and the search for cheaper resources, including labor. This phase of globalization is likely ending as cheap oil and other resources critical for industrialized societies become dearer, and with the United States spread thin with foreign responsibilities and mounting debts. Yet the impact of globalization continues to play out with unforeseen events. Some of those that first affected the American Southwest and Mexican Border are examined. These events will force new directions upon the United States. The directions chosen are not clear but the direction that is chosen will have a substantial impact on the nation and its neighbors. We end with a consideration of strategic and tactical alternatives to deal with the Mexican collapse, and the resulting high levels of refugees, and the growing violence in Mexico and on the border that are being projected into the United States.
Article PDF: 142036.pdf  


Year: 2011 (Vol: 14 No:Page: 47)

Title:Contextualizing Mexico: Four Things
Author(s): Lauderdale
Abstract:       The long and complex history of Mexico is the context for many of the issues in this special edition. This provides a brief but broad footnote on Mexico.
Article PDF: 142047.pdf  

Year: 2012 (Vol: 15 No:Page: 3)

Title: From the Editor
Author(s): Selber
Article PDF: 151003.pdf  


Year: 2012 (Vol: 15 No:Page: 4)

Title:Basic Training for Building a Program in Military Social Work
Author(s): Sable and Osborne
Abstract:  In response to the health and behavioral health of returning veterans, Schools of Social Work have added content to their curriculum, addressing the needs of veterans and military families. This manuscript examines existing health issues for military personnel and their families and how the University of Missouri has responded. Efforts include hosting an interdisciplinary summit for health and human services professionals, developing a graduate certificate, and holding a fund-raising event to establish a scholarship in military social work. We discuss how partnerships with the university, state and community agencies, and key individuals were essential to the success of these activities.      
Article PDF: 151004.pdf  


Year: 2012 (Vol: 15 No:Page: 14)

Title: Military Social Work Curriculum Modules: Applications for Field Instruction, Coursework, and Graduate/Post-Graduate Certificate Programs
Author(s): Smith-Osborne
Abstract:  In 2008, the Council on Social Work Education Joint Task Force on Veterans’ Affairs presented a preliminary report recommending that social work education introduce new content to provide students with an understanding of military culture and veterans’ services, and to enhance their practice preparedness to work with these populations. These recommendations were subsequently formulated into advanced social work competencies in military social work. This mixed methods pilot study investigates the development of social curriculum modules utilizing distance education technology, face to face, and hybrid instruction in support of a social work curriculum initiative to address these recommendations. Modules were developed on the basis of participatory action research, two cross-sectional studies, and a systematic review of the neuroscience literature. They were pilot-tested over a three year period with social work students and licensed community practitioners and were revised each semester to reflect rapidly growing knowledge in these areas, particularly pertaining to Iraq/Afghanistan (OIF/OEF) active duty and veteran populations, as well as in response to feedback from clients, students, field instructors, and course instructors. Findings suggested that practitioners improved knowledge and skills in best practices for diagnosis and treatment of stress disorders and brain injuries, neuroscience evidence on signature injuries of current conflicts, and theory application to military/veteran cases, while undergraduate and advanced graduate students in non-Veterans Administration (VA) field placements utilized the widest variety and quantity of online material.     
Article PDF: 151014.pdf  


Year: 2012 (Vol: 15 No:Page: 27)

Title: Supporting The Next Surge: Helping Veterans Transition to Higher Education
Author(s): Gwin, Selber, Chavkin and Williams
Abstract:  Veteran enrollment at institutions of higher education is rising as troops returning from Operation Enduring Freedom (OEF) and Operation Iraqi Freedom (OIF) take advantage of the new GI Bill. These non-traditional students face unique challenges as they transition from combat to the classroom. Higher education institutions can provide a better opportunity for their retention and academic success by creating veteran-friendly policies, programs, and services. This article examines the literature on student veterans’ educational challenges and veteran-friendly campuses, describes the efforts of one university to assess the needs of student veterans, and provides recommendations for program development.     
Article PDF: 151027.pdf  


Year: 2012 (Vol: 15 No:Page: 39)

Title: The Impact of Military Cultural Awareness, Experience, Attitudes and Education on Clinician   Self-Efficacy in the Treatment of Veterans
Author(s): Coll, Weiss, Draves and Dyer
Abstract: Military personnel form a fairly distinct subset of American society, governed by a distinct set of laws, norms, traditions, and values. They also face unique strains upon their mental health resultant from combat stress, the effects of multiple deployments, and the difficulties in transitioning back to civilian life (Exum & Coll, 2008; Exum, Coll & Weiss, in press). Mental health providers play an important role in facilitating the psychosocial adjustment and community reintegration of veterans, especially those with disabilities (wounded warriors). Thus the practitioners need to provide culturally sensitive services, as many previous research studies suggest that cultural competence may influence treatment outcomes (see, e.g., Sue & Sue, 2008). This study is based on a survey that was administered to mental health clinicians and master’s level social work, psychology, and counseling students. The study examined clinician and student perceptions of self-efficacy in rendering mental health services to the veteran population. Analyses indicated that practitioners who identified as veterans, and as military spouses, had greater self-efficacy than those clinicians/students who did not have this experience. Also, continuing education in coursework related to military counseling improved practitioner perceptions of self-efficacy. Neither military cultural awareness nor attitudes about war had an impact on counselor self-efficacy. This study helps explain some of the influences upon clinicians’ perceptions of efficacy in treating military veterans. It also provides evidence on the importance of clinicians gaining experience working with military personnel and pursuing continuing education relating to counseling service members.      
Article PDF: 151039.pdf  


Year: 2012 (Vol: 15 No:Page: 49)

Title: In Search of A New Paradigm: Social Work for Twenty-First Century Veterans
Author(s): Romaniuk
Abstract: The new generation of veterans entering the United States health care system requires institutional changes in the medical field to address these veterans’ unique characteristics. Social workers must recognize how research on the mental health problems of veterans returning from Iraq and Afghanistan may affect the process of assessment and treatment approaches. The Veterans Affairs health care system (VA) has identified relationship-based treatment as the most appropriate approach for the transformation of the VA system. This paper discusses how the latest research leads to customer-focused treatment modalities including narrative and existentialist therapies.      
Article PDF: 151049.pdf  


Year: 2012 (Vol: 15 No:Page: 61)

Title:Reaching Out to Returning Troops and Their Families: Building Capacity of Community-Based Services
Author(s): Selber, Chavkin, and Williams
Abstract:  This study explores community and organizational factors impacting service delivery, outreach, and capacity building in a group of primarily nonprofit, voluntary organizations that provide services to troops and families in Texas. The article reports on a study of 80 statewide programs that provide services to troops and families and that were funded by a partnership of community foundations. The purpose of this exploratory study was to describe what exists and what could be improved so that our troops and veterans can more successfully transition to civilian life with their families and communities. Based on the findings, the authors make recommendations for practice.     
Article PDF: 151061.pdf  


Year: 2012 (Vol: 15 No:Page: 3)

Title: From the Editor
Author(s): Landuyt
Article PDF: 152003.pdf  


Year: 2012 (Vol: 15 No:Page: 4)

Title: Exploring the Social Benefits of Face-to-Face and Online Groups for Persons with Asperger Syndrome
Author(s): Carter, Wilson, and Wilson
Abstract: This qualitative study explores the thoughts of individuals with Asperger syndrome regarding their experiences with face-to-face and online group participation. The participants shared their experiences with face-to-face and online groups, expressing an interest in using both online and face-to-face groups as a way to access social support and ease their isolation. In their description of particular challenges, the participants focused on the need for developing effective communication strategies to reduce emotional injuries related to inappropriate or miscommunication, as well as risks to privacy and security by unwanted intruders in online groups. Implications for professionals who help persons with Asperger syndrome to set up and manage face-to-face and online groups are discussed.          
Article PDF: 152004.pdf  


Year: 2012 (Vol: 15 No:Page: 16)

Title: Enhancing the Professional Development of the Child Welfare Workforce: Does the Training Method Matter?
Author(s): Sar, Antle and Bledsoe
Abstract: Utilizing a pre/post comparison group design, the present study addresses gaps in current knowledge about effective training methods for the child welfare workforce by comparing a traditional training approach that uses Hunter’s ITIP method with the Credit for Learning (CFL) integrated curriculum approach. The results of this study indicate that the CFL integrated curriculum approach is viable, and that it increases knowledge and self-efficacy in applying skills learned in the classroom at a better rate than the ITIP method.       
Article PDF: 152016.pdf  


Year: 2012 (Vol: 15 No:Page: 28)

Title: Best Practices in Providing Specialized Mental Health Services to Individuals with a Dual Diagnosis

Author(s): Glasow and Carter
Abstract: The authors review the effects of the move from a centralized to a community-based treatment model. This study provides evidence-informed knowledge about outpatient services for clients with dual diagnoses from the perspective of 14 mental health professionals. Reflecting on the realities faced by individuals with dual diagnoses, this study provides direction regarding the most suitable services for this vulnerable population. Focusing on practices or evidence-informed outpatient treatment interventions for individuals with dual diagnoses, the findings are relevant for community stakeholders, mental health agencies, professionals, and for individuals with dual diagnoses. 
Article PDF: 152028.pdf  


Year: 2012 (Vol: 15 No:Page: 41)

Title: A Qualitative Study of Problems and Parental Challenges of Resettled African Refugee Parents
Author(s): Sossou amd Adedoyin
Abstract: This is a qualitative study of challenges and parenting problems of African refugee parents resettled in an urban city of a Southeastern state of the United States. The study reported findings from two focus group discussions as they related to acquisition of the English language, unemployment, child protective services, the school system, and cultural challenges of raising children in a new environment. Additionally, the research participants’ personal narratives highlighted the importance of their lived experiences, misconceptions, vulnerability, and acculturation and adjustment challenges with regards to their integration into the new culture. The study discussed implications for culturally sensitive social work practice and the revision of current refugee policies to improve the well-being of refugees.        
Article PDF: 152041.pdf  


Year: 2012 (Vol: 15 No:Page: 55)

Title:Peer Mentoring Among Junior Faculty and Implications for Culture Change
Author(s): Karam, Bowland, Rowan, Washington, Perry, Collins-Camargo and Archuleta
Abstract: While mentoring is not a new experience for junior faculty development or for socialization into academia, peer mentoring offers an alternative to traditional, hierarchical mentorship arrangements between senior faculty and their protégés. Little has been written in the social work literature about peer mentoring as a valuable practice for socializing junior social work faculty. This article chronicles how a cohort of seven new faculty members organically established a peer mentoring group to assist in their transition to faculty life. Through creating a pathway for socialization, they recognized that their positive relationships and commitment to learning as a community might also have implications for changing their school’s culture. Considerations discussed in this paper include forming a junior faculty peer mentoring group, implementation challenges, goals and activities, and potential benefits for organizational culture.
Article PDF: 152055.pdf  


Year: 2012 (Vol: 15 No:Page: 63)

Title:Outcomes Better for Children with Regular Visits: Missouri Children in Foster Care, Permanency Outcomes, and Caseworker Visits
Author(s): Staysa and Kelly
Abstract: States are required to provide annual updates to the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, Administration on Children and Families, Children’s Bureau regarding the frequency and consistency of caseworker visits with foster children including the percentage of those visits held in the child’s placement. Public Law 109-288 (Child and Family Services Act, 2006) was enacted after a favorable relationship was found between caseworker visits with children and the child’s outcomes during the Child and Family Services Review (CFSR) Round One. The Missouri Children’s Division studied the effect of frequent and regular caseworker visits with children and permanency outcomes during FFY10, and found permanency outcomes to be better for children who had received visits every month compared to children who had one or more missed monthly visits. As a result, the Missouri Children’s Division has deemed caseworker visits with children to be a priority for field practitioners, supervisors, and administration.
Article PDF: 152063.pdf  


Year: 2013 (Vol: 16 No: 1 Page: 3)

Title: From the Editor
Author(s): Lauderdale, Kelly, and Landuyt
Article PDF: 161003.pdf  


Year: 2013 (Vol: 16 No: 1 Page: 4)

Title: Promoting Professional  Involvement in the Development and Maintenance of Support Groups for Persons with Autism
Author(s): Carter, Matin and Wilson
Abstract:  This study explores the aspects of support groups that ten adults with autism and their families find most useful. The findings outline the negative and positive experiences of social support and group support that were experienced by persons with autism and their families. Participants in the study stressed the need for flexible and high quality programming through support groups to address the isolation experienced by adults with autism. They suggested that they experienced greater levels of social support from support groups that engaged professional assistance, and included activities which provided instruction in social skills and opportunities to create enhanced social relationships. 
Article PDF: 161004.pdf  


Year: 2013 (Vol: 16 No: 1 Page: 18)

Title: Enhancing Social Work Practice Through Holistic Mindful Self-Care
Author(s): Wisner and Hawkins
Abstract:  Social workers typically encounter a high level of job stress and numerous professional challenges. These stressors and challenges, if not effectively addressed, may result in compromised health and professional functioning. Mindfulness practices offer social workers an innovative and holistic self-care approach for minimizing the effects of these challenges. This article explores the concept of self-care for social workers, examines the role of mindfulness in social work in order to highlight the benefits of mindful and holistic self-care for social workers, and illustrates the practical application of mindful self-care skills. Potential directions for continuing education applications and future research are offered.
Article PDF: 161018.pdf  


Year: 2013 (Vol: 16 No: 1 Page: 30)

Title: Becoming Trauma-Informed: Suggestions for Incorporating Research Findings into Practice
Author(s): Beldin and Rolf
Abstract:  Trauma-informed care has become a fixture of current health care and mental health care practice. Social workers interact frequently with individuals who have experienced trauma, and are in a unique position to prevent long-term negative effects of trauma. In addition to assessing the presence of a history of trauma, social workers should also be seeking opportunities to promote resilience to mitigate the effects of trauma when possible. Suggestions for utilizing research findings on trauma in social work practice and education are discussed
Article PDF: 161030.pdf  


Year: 2013 (Vol: 16 No: 1 Page: 34)

Title: Parent and Child Perspectives on the Adoption Experience: Risk and Protective Factors
Author(s): Warrener and Mi-Sung Kim
Abstract:  This study was part of an exploratory qualitative research project investigating protective and risk factors to adoption adjustment of both the adoptive parents and the adoptee. This study used semi-structured interviews of nine parents who have been through the adoption process and eight adult adoptees who were recalling their experiences as adopted children. The sampling used a combination of purposeful, convenience, and snowball techniques. The emerging themes are discussed, incorporating perspectives from both the adoptive parents and the adoptee to gain practical understanding of adoption adjustment. Recommendations are made for future research and practice directions.
Article PDF: 161034.pdf  


Year: 2013 (Vol: 16 No: 1 Page: 48)

Title: The Fragile U.S. Industrial Food System
Author(s): Kaiser and Kelly
Abstract:  The food system of the United States is the envy of the world. The system developed in the latter half of the 20th century based on scientific knowledge and cheap energy while food growing moved from the family farm to larger scale corporate farming. Married with large scale processing and distribution, it became comparable to industrial production systems. The ‘Green Revolution’ produced higher crop yields by massive use of cheap oil for fuel and fertilizers along with a division of labor that replaced farmers with agricultural scientists. Recent criticism has targeted the ‘industrial food system’ (IFS) as destructive to the environment, unhealthy for consumers, and unsustainable. This article explores several areas of fragility in the IFS and the system’s ability to provide adequate food if a crisis or crises interrupted any one of several vulnerable parts of the system. Further, the roles of social work in working toward community based food security solutions as insurance against widespread famine and as an alternative providing a healthy, nutritious food supply are explored.
Article PDF: 161048.pdf  


Year: 2013 (Vol: 16 No: 1 Page: 62)

Title: Social Work Education in China: The Way We Were and the Way Ahead
Author(s): Tsui and Pak
Abstract:  In April 2012, the China government announced its decision to train 1.45 million social workers in the period from 2011 to 2020, to achieve the national goal of “one social worker serving a community.” In this rapid development, 500 training institutes and 50 top universities will provide social work programs at different levels. According to the national plan, there will be 30,000 MSW graduates and 300 DSW graduates in 2020. To fulfill these training needs, at least 3,000 social work teachers possessing both academic qualifications and professional status as registered social workers are needed. The authors, as participants and observers in the process of the development of social work education in China in the last two decades, will conduct a historical review of the development of social work education. At the same time, we shall identify key issues associated with the rapid growth of social work education to be addressed in the near future. All these efforts will be directed toward providing a clear picture of the development of social work education in China and its related issues to the western world.
Article PDF: 161062.pdf  


Year: 2013 (Vol: 16 No: Page: 3)

Title: From the Editor
Author(s): Lauderdale
Article PDF: 162003.pdf  


Year: 2013 (Vol: 16 No: Page: 5)

Title: Reflecting on the Need for Social Workers to Consider Various Models of Disability When Working with Parents of Children with Autism
Author(s): Carter and Wilson
Abstract:  This qualitative study explores the reactions of twenty-two parental self-help group participants to their experiences of having children with autism in the Greater Toronto Area, Canada. The parents reported on their experiences through the availability, and lack of, formal and informal social support. The authors focus on how the parents and the professionals, such as social workers, perceive disability. Perspectives that are offered by the professionals who serve the parents are usually medically, scientifically, and psychologically framed with little understanding of disability as socially constructed. The findings suggest that professionals, as well as the parents of children with autism, need additional perspectives of conceptualizing and framing the experience of disability. The authors present the implications for social work, suggesting the need for educational opportunities that concentrate on varying perspectives of disability when working with persons with disabilities and their families. 
Article PDF: 162005.pdf  


Year: 2013 (Vol: 16 No: Page: 19)

Title: Social Work Engagement in Early Childhood Education and Care Advocacy and Policy
Author(s): Moodie-Dyer and Collins
Abstract:  The social work profession is in a position to advocate for policies that will have an impact on early childhood education and care (ECEC). Social workers should work to promote access to quality ECEC to ensure safety and learning for children, and economic stability for families. The involvement of social workers in the political arena is critical for enacting policies that adequately address ECEC issues. Through improving advocacy and ECEC curriculum in social work, further development of scholarship in this area, and participating in fields of practice that work towards better ECEC policies, social workers can become more influential in this area. This article will discuss strategies to incorporate ECEC advocacy and policy into social work education, scholarship, and practice.
Article PDF: 162019.pdf  


Year: 2013 (Vol: 16 No: Page: 31)

Title: The Efficacy of Two In-Service Training Programs: From the Perspective of Program Directors and Supervisors
Author(s): Crohn and Williams
Abstract:  This is a report of the second part of a study concerning the efficacy of two in-service training programs at a large, urban social service agency. Part one (Crohn & Berger, 2009) surveyed the reactions of staff-participants in these trainings. Phase two, reported here, involves the perceptions of thirty-three of the agency’s program directors and supervisors concerning the same two in-service training programs. The survey participants completed an online questionnaire and also made comments. While both programs in general achieved their stated goals, an unexpected finding was that the most valued aspect of the training programs included the administrative benefits for the program directors and supervisors and the perceived informal learning benefits for their staffs. Descriptive statistics and qualitative data are included.
Article PDF: 162031.pdf  


Year: 2013 (Vol: 16 No: Page: 47)

Title: Mental Health Clinicians’ Reports of Their Cultural Intelligence
Author(s): Arias
Abstract:  Culturally intelligent individuals are more apt to display cultural competence and adapt their behaviors in cultural situations that are unfamiliar to them. A cross-sectional survey design was employed to explore mental health clinicians’ reports of their cultural intelligence. Thirty-four mental health clinicians, social workers, and nurses employed by a state-operated mental health clinic reported moderate levels of cultural intelligence as measured by the Cultural Intelligence Scale (CQS). Recommendations for practice include ongoing clinician self-assessment of cultural intelligence to improve service delivery, professional development that uses an experientiallearning approach, and professional development activities that apply professional development best practices designed to enhance CQ capabilities.
Article PDF: 162047.pdf  


Year: 2013 (Vol: 16 No: Page: 56)

Title: Caring for Your Clients While Caring for Your Baby: Responsible and Ethical Planning for Parental Leave
Author(s): Dombo and Bass
Abstract:  The current literature on “maternity leave” is dated, reflecting a traditional view of childbearing that is not relevant to those who are adopting, about to become fathers, or are single parents. The guidance given to professionals must reflect the changing composition of family. This article offers a review of the literature on planning for the arrival of a child, and explores ethical issues for consideration in developing a plan to take leave for welcoming a new child into their family. Case vignettes of four therapists are presented and utilized to formulate of a set of practice guidelines and discuss implications for practice.
Article PDF: 162056.pdf  


Year: 2013 (Vol: 16 No: Page: 65)

Title: The Quality of Life in Ideal-typical Welfare Regimes: The Case of the Republic of Korea
Author(s): Choe, Kelly and Kyonne
Abstract:  During past decades, the Republic of Korea (R.O.K.) achieved a high rate of economic growth, and the Gross Domestic Product (GDP) per capita reached $22,720 in 2012. This strongly capitalist society is prospering; however, life satisfaction ratings have lowered, and the suicide rate has increased. This, along with other factors, is leading the Korean nation to explore the development of a social welfare system and policies, here called “regimes.” This study analyzes secondary data to explore the difference of the people’s quality of life in several ideal-typical capitalist welfare regimes: social democratic, corporatist democratic, liberal, and conservative. Using the Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD) life satisfaction ratings and the suicide rates as the indicators of quality of life (QOL), differences between various regimes were tested. Based on the results the study suggests and discusses the ideal-typical welfare regime for the Republic of Korea’s rapidly developing, democratic, capitalist society.
Article PDF: 162065.pdf  

Year: 2014 (Vol: 17 No: Page: 3)

Title: From the Editor
Author(s): Lauderdale
Article PDF: 171003.pdf  


Year: 2014 (Vol: 17 No: Page: 5)

Title: Student Care Teams in Higher Education: A Role for Social Work Faculty
Author(s): Sullivan, Karam, Mardis, Cappiccie, and Gamm
Abstract:  The post-Virginia Tech/Northern Illinois University era has raised awareness about threat assessment and distressed students on college campuses. While literature is emerging on best practices and protocols on how to implement student care teams, less has been written about the composition of these collaborative units. A faculty representative is an important contributor to the process; however, certain academic disciplines may provide a better fit for the goals and objectives of the group than others. Administrators at 181 institutions across the country completed a survey regarding both the membership and issues facing these multidisciplinary teams. Faculty from social work and other social science fields were identified as being part of teams at some institutions. This article explores the potential role of social work faculty as an integral part of student care teams, focusing on roles, contributions, and specific tasks to facilitate awareness and educate other faculty members about distressed students and available resources.
Article PDF: 171005.pdf  


Year: 2014 (Vol: 17 No: Page: 15)

Title: When University Employees Must Be Absent: Reflections of Personal Stress and Organizational Coping Strategies
Author(s): Collins, Fuller, and Mathis
Abstract:  This article is written by three full-time female university social work educators who experienced role strain related to extended personal illness and caregiving demands. The first employee is a Black tenured faculty member and the other two are term-faculty members; one Black and one Caucasian. Using our personal stories, we illustrate the value of supervisory sensitivity and flexibility within an organizational structure when faculty and staff face personal stressors that affect their ability to fulfill their workload agreements. The paper offers suggestions that university deans, department heads, or college-level personnel might consider when helping faculty and staff to identify ways to maintain work, cope with extended illnesses and stressful family responsibility, and reduce workload stress while they address plans to achieve stability in their personal and professional lives.
Article PDF: 171015.pdf  


Year: 2014 (Vol: 17 No: Page: 28)

Title: Six-word Memoirs: A Reflection of Social Work Professional Competency and Identity
Author(s): Bolin, Crews, Countryman-Roswurm, and Grant
Abstract:  Six-word memoir projects have been featured in multiple media sources, classrooms, churches, and community events around the world. The premise is to use six words to inspire conversation, communicate an issue, or gather multiple memoirs or essays to make a desired impact. Seventy-nine participants completed a survey and a “six-word memoir” while attending a professional social work conference. Social work students and practicing social workers composed six-word memoirs that were analyzed using qualitative methods to determine differences in professional identity, ethics, and perceptions of competency. Three categories of social work identity were identified in the memoirs: personal identity, professional identity, and integrated identity. Further, findings indicate that students and professionals have a strong sense of identity with the values, ethics, roles, and competencies of the social work profession. Implications for social work education and practice are provided.
Article PDF: 171028.pdf  


Year: 2014 (Vol: 17 No: Page: 39)

Title: Orientation Programs for Master’s of Social Work Students: Rethinking Content and Format
Author(s): de Saxe Zerden, Brighma, Dews, and Todd
Abstract:  This exploratory article examines the structure and content of orientation programs for master’s of social work (MSW) students attending 74 U.S. schools of social work. The role of orientation in students’ academic and professional success receives little attention in the social work education literature or from governing bodies such as the Council on Social Work Education. This exploratory study uses quantitative and qualitative survey data to examine the content and format of MSW orientation programs. Study findings offer a first step toward better understanding programmatic efforts to prepare students for successful matriculation through MSW curricula. Moreover, results will help faculty and administrators think critically about the role of MSW orientations in professional socialization and advancing the core values of the profession.
Article PDF: 171039.pdf  


Year: 2014 (Vol: 17 No: Page: 46)

Title: A Survey of Continuing Educations Programs Conducted by Professional Development: The International Journal of Continuing Social Work Education
Author(s): Landuyt and Morgan
Abstract:  Social work is a field that continually evolves as new interventions are piloted and best practices are further developed. In order to provide the best services possible for their clients, social workers must remain aware of developments within their field. Additionally, social workers have an obligation through the NASW Code of Ethics to remain competent and participate in continuing education (CE) courses. Most states have also made obtaining CE hours a requirement for licensure renewal. In response to this demand, many CE programs have opened across the country. Because CE requirements and administration are operated on a location-by-location basis, there is often little communication or coordination among CE programs. This is a detriment to the profession, as there is much that programs can learn from one another. A first step in increasing coordination and communication is to gather information from the various CE programs by developing and distributing a CE survey. The collection and dissemination of data from this survey will serve as a benchmark and a resource for CE program directors, program administrators, and the broader social services community. Also, such data can inspire future collaboration between programs, which has the potential to improve the overall quality and effectiveness of CE programs.
Article PDF: 171046.pdf  


Year: 2014 (Vol: 17 No: Page: 61)

Title: Building Partnerships for Serving Student Veterans: A Professional Development Roadmap
Author(s): Selber, Chavkin, Marshall, and Shaffer
Abstract:  Veterans are returning home and fueling a huge increase in student enrollment at universities, but many universities are unprepared about how to serve this new group of student veterans. To help these veterans succeed, universities could benefit from professional development on how to build and implement pathways of success. This article presents a professional development roadmap for developing services for student veterans on campus, the basic elements of a best–practices model, and examples of partnerships developed by social work faculty and students to support services for student veterans.
Article PDF: 171061.pdf 


Year: 2014 (Vol: 17 No: Page: 3)

Title: From the Editor
Author(s): Carter, Hanes, and MacDonald
Article PDF: 172003.pdf  


Year: 2014 (Vol: 17 No: Page: 5)

Title: Exploring Social Work and Disability in U.S. Schools of Social Work
Author(s): Hanes, Carter, MacDonald, McMurphy, and Skinner
Abstract:  Progressive change toward greater inclusion of disability-related education has occurred in American university-based schools of social work. An online survey of deans and directors of all accredited U.S. schools of social work indicated that while some schools are just beginning to offer disability-related courses, others have had a long-term commitment towards disability-related education. However, the number of students enrolled in disability-focused courses, field placements with clients with disabilities, and faculty and social work students with disabilities remains quite low. The authors discuss a number of barriers to recruiting and supporting students and faculty with disabilities in American schools of social work.
Article PDF: 172005.pdf  


Year: 2014 (Vol: 17 No: Page: 18)

Title: Disability Disclosure Among College Students with Psychiatric Disabilities in Professional Majors: Risks and Implications for Rural Communities
Author(s): Thompson-Ebanks
Abstract:  The author sheds light on the increased challenges faced by college students with psychiatric disabilities in professional programs located in rural areas. Anchored in the literature, the prevalence of disability stigma and the reluctance of students to disclose their disabilities to disability services are highlighted. This article suggests an anti-stigma initiative for social work education to counter disability stigma and increase disclosure with particular relevance to rural postsecondary institutions.
Article PDF: 172018.pdf  


Year: 2014 (Vol: 17 No: Page: 29)

Title: Exploring Resiliency in Parents and Families of Adult Children: Living at Home with a Dual
Author(s): Carter, Coyle, Currie, and Cragg
Abstract:  The authors explore the coping abilities of parents of adult children with developmental and a mental health disability commonly known as having a dual diagnosis (DD). This subgroup of aging parents reports a lower quality of life and fewer social supports (Chou, Lee, Lin, Kroger, & Chang, 2009; Perkins & LaMartin, 2012), correlating with levels of parenting stress (Spratt, Saylor, & Macias , 2007). The authors explore how social support affects the coping abilities and quality of life for parental caregivers of adult children with DD and make a number of recommendations for caregivers as well as practitioners.
Article PDF: 172029.pdf  


Year: 2014 (Vol: 17 No: Page: 43)

Title: Literacy and Disability: A Study of Transformation
Author(s): Driedger and Hansen
Abstract:  Low literacy rates and unequal access to education are a huge form of exclusion for disabled people worldwide. It has been estimated that around 50% of disabled adults experience literacy barriers, such as lack of access to information and physical, print and verbal barriers. In hopes of remedying this situation for persons with disabilities in Canada, we, as co-investigators, worked with Making a Connection, a three-year Canadian participatory action research study, with Independent Living Canada (ILC), the national organization of independent living centres, (a national group of organizations run by and for disabled people to provide consumer-run services).
Article PDF: 172043.pdf  


Year: 2014 (Vol: 17 No: Page: 52)

Title: Enhancing Independent Living within Community Services for People with Physical Disabilities in Ontario, Canada
Author(s): Hauch
Abstract: Provincial governments in Canada such as the Province of Ontario are becoming overwhelmed with the financial expense of rising health care costs associated with keeping patients in the hospital because they lack community support. At the same time, provincial governments have become aware of the potential savings by providing attendant care services for people in need.  In the following article, I examine how existing community care programs can provide attendant care services and also explore how to incorporate into service delivery a disability rights focus through the Independent Living philosophy
Article PDF: 172052.pdf  


Year: 2014 (Vol: 17 No: Page: 63)

Title: Engaging with Technology Governance in Social Work Education: An Essential for Preparing Future Social Work(ers)
Author(s): Wolbring & Diep
Abstract:  The special issue Preparing Social Work Professionals to Work with Persons with Disabilities of the International Journal of Continuing Social Work Education focuses on the challenges of nation states to develop professional and social worker training programs that address the issues and concerns of people with disabilities. We contribute to this issue a technology angle. We provide answers to the following questions: (a) is social work as an academic field engaged in the governance of technology as a means to influence how technologies are used, (b) is the field of social work visible in the area of three concrete emerging technologies (social robotics, brain machine/brain computer interfaces, and neuro-enhancement/cognitive enhancement), and one general area of technology application (human enhancement). We found no engagement of social work with technology governance and no mention of social work within the emerging academic literature of the technologies covered. We discuss these findings in light of how academic articles and the 2012-2016 global social agenda generated by the International Association of Schools of Social Work and the International Council on Social Welfare have outlined social work’s purpose, highlighting in particular the impact on people with disabilities.
Article PDF: 172063.pdf  


Year: 2014 (Vol: 17 No: Page: 76)

Title: Last Word
Author(s): Lauderdale
Article PDF: 172076.pdf  


Year: 2015 (Vol: 18 No: Page: 3)

Title: From the Editor
Author(s): Landuyt
Article PDF: 181003.pdf  


Year: 2015 (Vol: 18 No: Page: 4)

Title: Enhancing Practice Skills: The Value of Care Management Training
Author(s): Rowe, Dunning, and Chung
Abstract:  Professional development training is critical to skill enhancement, but its effectiveness has been understudied.  A pretest-posttest study that included 103 care managers was conducted to evaluate the extent to which participation in a professional development training enhanced care managers’ practice skills (communication skills, supportive skills, and linking skills).  Group differences in training effects among social workers, nurses, and other care managers were also examined.  The results revealed that communication skills and supportive skills increased following training.  The greatest benefit of the training was found for those without a social work or nursing degree.  Implications for social work practice are discussed.
Article PDF: 181004.pdf  


Year: 2015 (Vol: 18 No: Page: 16)

Title: Training Fidelity as an Important Precursor for Outcomes of  Relationship Education Programs
Author(s): Antle, Sullivan, Barbee and Karam
Abstract:  Intervention fidelity has become an important consideration in research on the effective practice. Research on fidelity for clinical protocols and school-based interventions has consistently found a link between intervention fidelity and positive program outcomes. While there is a substantial literature on the effectiveness of marriage and relationship education programs, there has not been a documentation of the process by which fidelity of these programs can be measured or the link between fidelity and outcomes. This manuscript describes the development of a fidelity assessment process and preliminary fidelity data for the Within My Reach relationship education program, a derivative of the Prevention and Relationship Education Program (PREP). Implications for research and practice are discussed.
Article PDF: 181016.pdf  


Year: 2015 (Vol: 18 No: Page: 25)

Title: Development of Community-Based Prevention Programs in Ukraine: Training Seminars for Child Welfare Officials and Professionals
Author(s): Close and Bogolyubova
Abstract:  This study addresses the training seminars outcomes for the five-year-long project on development of community-based prevention programs in Ukraine. The primary objective of the project was to change the system from the old institutional model to one that focuses on preventive models within the community. Were the participants given the appropriate training needed to develop community-based prevention programs for children who were at risk for institutional placement? The methodology was based on the perception and participation of trainees, community members, and clients. The outcomes of the training revealed that significant impacts occurred at mega-, macro-, and micro-levels in Ukraine.
Article PDF: 181025.pdf  


Year: 2015 (Vol: 18 No: Page: 36)

Title: Faculty Perceptions of Professional Licensure: Implications for Social Work Education
Author(s): GlenMaye and Bolin
Abstract:  This study reports the findings of an exploratory study addressing the perceptions of social work educators toward social work licensure. An online survey invitation was sent to approximately 1500 social work educators, with a response rate of 24% (n = 361). Licensure issues, including pass rates, the role of license exams in determining practice competence, and the impact of licensure on teaching, were explored. The findings indicate that social work educators agree that licensure is an important issue, but are not in agreement about requirements for faculty licensure.
Article PDF: 181036.pdf  


Year: 2015 (Vol: 18 No: Page: 49)

Title: Working with Special Needs Adoptive Parents: Insiders’ Perspective on What Professionals Need to Know
Author(s): Home
Abstract:  Raising children with special needs means learning to parent differently. Social workers can help if they are knowledgeable about disability. Unfortunately, this is not always the case. This paper presents findings from a Canadian study on challenges and supports of parents whose adopted children have disabilities, disorders, medical conditions or pre-natal substance exposure. Interviews with18 families, 3 parent associations and 5 social workers revealed challenges around parent preparation, understanding the child’s needs, accessing resources, and advocating effectively. Limited post-adoption support and gaps in both professional education and community awareness make a difficult situation worse, but high quality continuing education can help.
Article PDF: 181049.pdf  


Year: 2015 (Vol: 18 No: Page: 56)

Title: Perceptions of Social Support Among Canadian-Born and Non-Canadian-Born Parents of Children with Developmental Disabilities
Author(s): Carter
Abstract:  This qualitative study highlights similarities and differences in how Canadian-born and non-Canadian-born parents of children with developmental disabilities perceive the social support available to them. All parents reported positive and negative experiences with formal and informal supports, including concerns over finances and the effects of stigma. Particularly, NCB parents expressed difficulties in learning how to obtain supports due to isolation caused by geographical distance from family members and cultural influences that caused them to hesitate to ask for help. Implications for social work suggested that there is still a perceived global need for greater supports for all parents, especially NCB parents.
Article PDF: 181056.pdf  


Year: 2015 (Vol: 18 No: Page: 4)

Title: From the Editor
Author(s): Lauderdale
Article PDF: 182004.pdf  


Year: 2015 (Vol: 18 No: Page: 6)

Title: Sustaining the Field Education Seminar: Promoting Reflective Journaling and In Class and Online Discussions
Author(s):  Bolin and Cress
Abstract: This exploratory study describes use of online discussions, in class discussions, and traditional journaling for social work students in field education. One hundred seventy-seven (N = 177) social work students in two schools of social work were surveyed. The Council on Social Work Education (CSWE) Educational Policy and Accreditation Standards (EPAS) ten competencies were used to develop an original 13 item Likert scaled student self-assessment for field education reflection. The ten CSWE-defined competencies were then used to assess differences in the students’ reflection experiences. Forty-four percent of students   in practice reported using journals, 111 (63%) students required classroom discussions, 44 (25%) were required to journal, and 96 (54%) were required to use online discussions. Those students using interactive online and classroom discussions demonstrated higher mean competency levels than those using traditional journaling. Students using all three techniques scored highest on their perceptions social work competencies.
Article PDF: 182006.pdf  


Year: 2015 (Vol: 18 No: Page: 15)

Title: Sustaining Learning Initiatives through a Student-Led Accessibility Planning Committee
Author(s):  Cragg, Nikolova and Carter
Abstract:      The University of Windsor School of Social Work and Disability Studies Accessibility Planning Committee [APC] has been in operation since 2001 and works towards improving the educational experience for students, faculty, and staff with accessibility and disability concerns. Student members researched the accessibility committees of other educational institutions and could not identify any similar committees focusing on accessibility for persons with disabilities which were also student-led, emphasizing the innovativeness of the committee. Interviews were conducted with former members of the committee to research the effectiveness of collective learning in the sustainability of the committee and our goals.
Article PDF: 182015.pdf  


Year: 2015 (Vol: 18 No: Page: 24)

Title: Notes from the Field: Understanding Why Sibling Abuse Remains Under the Radar and Pathway to Outing
Author(s): Meyers
Abstract: Summary: Although there is increased research on sibling abuse, it continues to remain underrecognized. As a phenomenon in need of greater attention, this paper strives to broaden awareness of sibling abuse. The sibling relationship is presented as an influential force that when besieged by abuse has significant ramifications for the victim. Sibling abuse is highlighted as impactful as parent-child abuse and is compared to sibling rivalry and teasing as a way to discern its magnitude and establish it as non-normative. Potential factors which keep sibling abuse under the radar are explored. With an understanding of familial, cultural, and institutional structures that contribute to its oversight, action is proposed that would expand attentiveness: protection and intervention can occur through multiple planes including academia, child welfare, and clinical practice. 
Article PDF: 182024.pdf  


Year: 2015 (Vol: 18 No: Page: 32)

Title: A Collaborative Approach to Professional Development: A Systems Change Initiative Using Interagency Learning Circles
Author(s): Collins-Camargo, Sullivan and Atkins
Abstract: This paper describes the use of an interagency learning circle model to create sustainable change in one state’s out-of-home care system related to professional development, implementation of best practices, and collaboration. Public and private agency child welfare workers and resource parents participated in peer consultation groups designed to pursue these goals. Outcome evaluation results revealed modest increases in knowledge of best practices and perceived collaboration. Process evaluation results, however, provided insight into the impact of challenges experienced and lessons learned related to the implementation of this initiative, within the complex interagency dynamics of a public/private partnership in child welfare.
Article PDF: 182032.pdf  


Year: 2015 (Vol: 18 No: Page: 47)

Title: Continuing Education Practices and Interests of Nursing Home Social Service Staff
Author(s): Cassie
Abstract: Continuing education (CE) practices and interests of nursing home social workers are assessed. On average, social workers reported 18 CE hours in the past year. Common topics were dementia (65.8%), behavior management (50%), and advanced directives (48.3%). Race, perceived time available, and years at work place were associated with CE. About 73% of the sample indicated they were interested in participating in CE in the future. Commonly requested topics included behavior management (51.3%), depression (34.8%), dementia (33%), and mental illness (31.3%). Those with higher levels of education were more likely to desire to participate in CE in the future.
Article PDF: 182047.pdf  


Year: 2015 (Vol: 18 No: Page: 55)

Title: The Significance of the Supervisory Relationship in Field Practicum
Author(s): Collins, Bryson and Wells
Abstract: Practicum is a critical element in social work education that prepares students for field work. The practicum field supervisor enhances the student’s clarification of roles and purposes, provides orientation to the agency, and ensures that the student’s performance expectations are clear and realistic. In the context of the field practicum, supervisors can encourage students to achieve competencies and practice behaviors in field that equal the performance in the classroom. The purpose of this paper is to discuss the significant role that practicum field supervisors’ play in teaching practicum students’ knowledge, values, and skills within the practicum setting. Additionally, the importance of professional image is also discussed. Included is a case study that is aligned with the Educational Policy and Accreditation Standards (EPAS), the Council on Social Work Education (CSWE) core competencies, and practice behaviors that apply the principles of transformational leadership in supervision.
Article PDF: 182055.pdf  


Year: 2015 (Vol: 18 No: Page: 63)

Title: Book Review: Empowering Workers & Clients for Organizational Change
Author(s): Anita Kiessling-Caver
Abstract: “Empowering Workers and Clients for Organizational Change,”  by Marcia Cohen, MSW, PhD and Cheryl Hyde, MSW, PhD, is designed as a textbook for social work students studying topics related to advocacy and change within human services organizations. The authors’ focus is the creation of change in human service organizations. They stress that social workers are obligated to recognize organizational gaps and/or inefficiencies in client service delivery. The authors explain that in order to most effectively empower clients, the structures within the organization that block optimal client service delivery must be changed through the work of the social worker. The text supports and expands the idea that social workers can be agents of change even in positions that are typically viewed as powerless, such as when one is a student. Book Information: Empowering Workers & Clients for Organizational Change. By Marcia Cohen & Cheryl A. Hyde, (2014) Lyceum Books, Chicago, IL. Edition: 2014 paperback, 232 pages, ISBN: 978-1-935871-34-7, $34.95.
Article PDF: 182063.pdf  

Year: 2016 (Vol: 19 No: 1 Page: 3)

Title: From the Editor
Author(s): Lauduyt
Article PDF: 191003.pdf  


Year: 2016 (Vol: 19 No: 1 Page: 5)

Title: Restoring Rundberg: A Community-Research Partnership
Author(s): Springer, Lauderdale, Fitzgerald & Baker
Abstract:  Researchers at The University of Texas at Austin School of Social Work and the Austin Police Department have partnered with community leaders and stakeholders to Restore Rundberg, which aims to “improve the quality of life, health, safety, education, and well-being of individuals living and working in the Rundberg neighborhood.” Sustainable and innovative community engagement is at the core of this effort.  
Article PDF: 191005.pdf  


Year: 2016 (Vol: 19 No: 1 Page: 9)

Title: Resident Feedback on the Restore Rundberg Community Survey
Author(s): Castro, Casstevens, Garcia & Springer
Abstract:  A major goal of the Restore Rundberg project is to increase collective efficacy and community engagement, and community-level interventions are currently being implemented in this vein. In order to assess the effect of these interventions on collective efficacy and community engagement of Rundberg residents, researchers complied a community survey that measures residents’ of perceptions of these factors before and after implementation of interventions. 
Article PDF: 191009.pdf  


Year: 2016 (Vol: 19 No: 1 Page: 13)

Title:Restore Rundberg: Targeting Hot Spots
Author(s): Whitt
Abstract:  Crime is, typically, tightly clustered around specific locations in urban neighborhoods. The disproportionate aggregation of neighborhood disorder into ‘hot spots’ was a conspicuous point of agreement among the many perspectives shared within the Restore Rundberg team of neighbors, law enforcement officials, social science researchers, social workers, and community engagement professionals from the inception. The more challenging compromise between stakeholders of the notoriously disadvantaged Austin, TX neighborhood has been developing the best intervention to reduce violations in the most problematic areas while also limiting the displacement of crime into others.
Article PDF: 191013.pdf  


Year: 2016 (Vol: 19 No: 1 Page: 17)

Title: University and Community Engagement-Classes to Promote Youth Leadership
Author(s): Davis
Abstract:  There are over 300 colleges and universities that compete in the top division of the NCAA, and over 120 the mirror the size of The University of Texas’s athletic program as members of the upper echelon of football at the collegiate level.  Similarly, the impact of those schools AND their respective student athletes on the local community can be as significant.   The leadership developed among those student athletes cannot and does not happen in a vacuum:  their potential impact on local communities, particularly those in socio-economic disadvantaged neighborhoods and schools can be immense. 
Article PDF: 191017.pdf  


Year: 2016 (Vol: 19 No: 1 Page: 20)

Title: Restore Rundberg: Developing an Asset Inventory
Author(s): Pitzer
Abstract:  The Restore Rundberg Project was designed to address crime and revitalize the neighborhoods within the Rundberg area. As a component of this project, an asset inventory was created to document the resources, services, programs, and initiatives currently present in the community.
Article PDF: 191020.pdf  


Year: 2016 (Vol: 19 No: 1 Page: 24)

Title: LaunchPad Photovoice Project: Rundberg Through the Eyes of Middle School Students
Author(s): Streeter
Abstract:  Photovoice is a community-based participatory action research method that combines photography with grassroots mobilization to help members of the community gain a greater understanding of their environment and experiences and to share them with others. The pictures, along with captions or narration by the photographers, can be used to document the reality of life in the community through the eyes of the photographer and can drive home that reality to the public and to policy makers to help spur change and improve conditions in the community.
Article PDF: 191024.pdf  


Year: 2016 (Vol: 19 No: 1 Page: 27)

Title: Aspects of Organized Drug Trade Affecting Austin
Author(s): Taraba, Lauderdale & Inman
Abstract:  Mexico and the United States share a border of 1, 989 miles of which 1,254 is the portion shared by Texas.  The Mexican drug cartels have estimated revenues between $18,000,000,000 and $39,000,000,000 every year from selling illegal drugs in the United States.  These revenues provide extremely high profit margins as the actual cost of the drugs is around 10% of the price that they are sold. Public safety authorities must recognize these factors and understand the greater vulnerability of Austin, its institutions and its neighborhoods to organized criminal efforts.
Article PDF: 191027.pdf  



Year: 2016 (Vol: 19 No: 1 Page: 30)

Title: Measures of Public Safety Needs and Resources: Austin and Central Texas
Author(s): Lauderdale
Abstract:  This document is part of a larger effort of the Greater Austin Crime Commission to assess Public Safety Threats, Resources and Needs. It draws upon various data from public safety agencies in Central Texas, mainly Travis County and the contiguous counties of Williamson, Burnet, Hays and Bastrop. Austin has the state capital and the greatest number of state employees in Texas, as well as elected state representatives for many months every year. It is home to one of the largest universities in the United States (over 50,000 students) and has one of the highest educated populations in the nation. After state government, high technology and entertainment are the major economic pillars. With important air, highway and rail connections, as well as electronic communications, the city is becoming a major gateway between the
Article PDF: 191030.pdf  


Year: 2016 (Vol: 19 No:Page: 3)

Title: Introduction: Social Work in a Time of Turbulence
Author(s): Lauderdale
Abstract:  Social Work began in a time of tumult and cultural and economic change, and is a key player as technology continues to advance and retires older occupations, such as factory workers.
Article PDF: 192003.pdf  


Year: 2016 (Vol: 19 No:Page: 6)

Title: Social Work on the Move: Emerging Roles and New Directions
Author(s): Sweifach
Abstract:  This article presents findings from a national study of social workers employed in interprofessional organizations. It was hypothesized that this cohort could provide important insights about current and future employment opportunities for social workers. It was surmised that social workers employed within interprofessional settings, with their interdisciplinary experiences, who are exposed to a multi-professional work environment, perhaps see the current and future workforce world through a unique lens. It was imagined that respondents could offer a unique perspective about workforce opportunities currently available, but relatively understated, and insights about roles, thus far unimagined, but which could materialize in the future.
Article PDF: 192006.pdf  


Year: 2016 (Vol: 19 No:Page: 16)

Title: The Challenge of Addressing Disability Within Social Work Education: Reconciling Theory and Practice
Author(s): Dupré & Carty 
Abstract:  Social work education programs addressing disability have not kept up to current theoretical developments within the disability studies literature. While some social work educators support a combined social work and disability studies program, this paper argues that there is a more fundamental issue to be reconciled; the relationship between disability theory and social work practice. The challenge for social work is to embrace critical disability studies by developing practice approaches that are supportive and enabling when working with disabled people. Anti-oppressive social work theory and practice, specifically structural social work, appears to hold potential for meeting this challenge.
Article PDF: 192016.pdf  


Year: 2016 (Vol: 19 No:Page: 29)

Title: Researching Orientation, Research Anxiety, Research Courses, and Empowerment Among Social Work Students
Author(s): Crews, Bolin, Lee & Groot
Abstract:  The purpose of this current study was to determine if there is an association between research orientation and empowerment.  Research orientation (the importance of research, usefulness of research, unbiased nature of research), research anxiety, and number of research courses taken were related to the empowerment of social work students.  Three hundred sixty-three social work students were surveyed to explore the relationship between the research variables and the students’ feeling of empowerment.   Hierarchical regression analysis revealed that research orientation, such as the importance of research and number of research classes taken, were significantly associated with an increase in social work students’ feelings of empowerment. These results indicate social work students may be empowered through research and evaluation as part of the complexities associated with practice.
Article PDF: 192029.pdf  


Year: 2016 (Vol: 19 No:Page: 38)

Title: Opportunities for a New Dialogue About Professional Development Through Title IV-E Training: Unexpected Goodness of Fit
Author(s): Willis, Leung & Chavkin
Abstract:  This qualitative study of public child welfare workers (N=603) examined the impact of Title IV-E professional development on retention and turnover.  Results found that although there are many similarities between Title IV-E and non-Title IV-E trained workers, Title IV-E trained workers were more likely to perceive a lack of fit between their skills and training and their career goals and job duties.  This lack of goodness of fit is supported by both research and theory, and may contribute to the turnover that Title IV-E was designed to prevent.  These findings create an opportunity for a new dialogue about professional development to address preventable turnover.
Article PDF: 192038.pdf  


Year: 2016 (Vol: 19 No:Page: 54)

Title: Engaging the Next Generation of Veteran Services Providers in Professional Development Through an Elective Course
Author(s): Selber, Chavkin, Biggs, Shaffer & Hall
Abstract:  This article reports on an effort by one school of social work to introduce social work students to professional development content about working with the military, veterans, and their families through an interdisciplinary elective course about veterans.  The course, Helping Veterans Transition, introduces students to the veteran population, the culture, the needs, and the services.  The course emphasizes a service learning project which is a first step in engaging those who will work with veterans in the future in their own professional development.    The article describes the social work course developed and taught over the past six years, the service learning projects that helped students begin the first steps in professional development, the results of a follow-up survey, and lessons learned. The article concludes with a discussion of implications for social work education and professional development about working with veterans.
Article PDF: 192054.pdf  

Year: 2017 (Vol: 20 No: 1 Page: 3)

Title: Postpartum Depression: A Critical Area for Continuing Social Work Education
Author(s): Keefe, Polmanteer & Brownstein-Evans
Abstract:  Up to 25% of new mothers develop postpartum depression (PPD) following childbirth. Given their education and training to work in various healthcare settings and with systems of all sizes, social workers are among the professionals most likely to work with these mothers. However, social work journals and textbooks have published little on this topic, and few continuing education programs have provided  workshops to train social workers to provide quality services to mothers with PPD. This article provides an overview of a workshop that continuing education programs can use to help social workers work    effectively with mothers who have PPD.
Article PDF: 201003.pdf 


Year: 2017 (Vol: 20 No: 1 Page: 14)

Title: Victim Assistance Service Providers’ Training Needs Assessment
Author(s): Desrosiers, Sullivan, Lay & Dickinson
Abstract:  The process of creating a victim services training is complex, requiring extensive resources to be    successfully completed. This article describes the creation of one southern state’s Victim Assistance Academy. This grant funded project provides basic training to victim service providers in a rural southern state. The Training Needs Assessment process is described in detail, and implications for social work  policy and practice are discussed.
Article PDF: 201014.pdf 


Year: 2017 (Vol: 20 No: 1 Page: 26)

Title: Parallel Process in Final Field Education: A Continuing Education Workshop to Promote Best Practices in Social Work
Author(s): Black, Gigler & Stein
Abstract:  A continuing education workshop is proposed to enhance field instructor application of effective    parallel process for social work students. Vignettes, depicting authentic supervisory interactions, are   presented to reflect various behavioral categories for field instructor deliberation. PowerPoint slides, Clicker technology, and multiple facilitators are used to engage participants and spark interactive        discussion. In a test workshop, professional boundaries evoked the most controversial discussions.           A common thread that emerged was the importance of viewing each interaction within a contextual framework. The workshop approach served to raise consciousness of participants in the value of parallel process, and the need for discernment in its effective application in field education.
Article PDF: 201026.pdf 


Year: 2017 (Vol: 20 No: 1 Page: 38)

Title: Notes from the Field: Four Macro Interventions That Combat the School-To-Prison Pipeline
Author(s): Williams & Guz
Abstract:  Although research indicates that the school-to-prison pipeline is an oppressive system which excludes youth of color from education and often leads to their incarceration, interventions have been understudied. Continuing social work education is necessary to inform social work practice around this issue. The     Social Work Code of Ethics highlights two principles which include social workers challenging social injustice and addressing social problems. The school-to-prison pipeline remains an ethical issue, removing students of color from schools while increasing their contact with the criminal justice system. This paper focuses on social workers’ use of macro practice as a tool to eliminate the school-to-prison pipeline. Four interventions (demilitarizing schools, improving school policies, implementing restorative justice, and connecting schools to neighboring communities) are recommended for school-based social workers to decrease discriminatory practices in schools and to increase educational opportunities for students of    color. 
Article PDF: 201038.pdf

Year: 2017 (Vol: 20 No: 1 Page: 45)

Title: A Survey of Continuing Education Programs Conducted by Professional Development: The International Journal of Continuing Social Work Education
Author(s): Landuyt & Traish
Abstract:  The needs of individuals and the most effective ways that can be used to help them are constantly evolving. Therefore, social workers involved in helping efforts must continually be engaged in learning and education to stay informed. In order to accomplish this, continuing education (CE) is an integral part of the social work profession. As a result of the importance of continuing social work education forprofessional practice, states and provinces, through governmental authority, have made obtaining CE hours a requirement for maintaining professional competency and skills. However, CE requirements and administration are operated on a location-by-location basis. As a result of this reality, there are different jurisdictions and little connection or coordination in CE program information. A first step in increasing this coordination and communication is to gather information from the various CE programs. The collection and dissemination of programmatic information would act as a benchmark and a resource for CE program directors, program administrators, and the broader social services community. Also such data would operate as an impetus in shaping future collaboration between programs, which has the potential to improve the overall quality and effectiveness of CE programs.
Article PDF: 201045.pdf

Year: 2017 (Vol: 20 No: 2 Page: 3)

Title: The Changing Meaning and Purposes of Social Work
Author(s): Shuttlesworth
Article PDF: 202003.pdf


Year: 2017 (Vol: 20 No: 2 Page: 5)

Title: A New Era of Ethics: The Use of Virtual Reality Interventions in Social Work Ethics 
Author(s): Trahan
Abstract:  Social work practice is embracing the use of technology for the purpose of providing clients with the most efficacious interventions. Virtual technology, another significant wave in technological advancement, is commercially available to the public and social work practitioners. While social work has been researching the efficacy and impact of virtual reality interventions, social work macro and micro practitioners are not equipped with ethical standards for best practices that maximize client outcomes and reduce risk. The article reviews the National Association of Social Workers (NASW) code of ethics and new standards published by the Association of Social Work Boards (ASWB) to review information pertaining to virtual reality technology including risks and benefits, standards for procedural use, and  future direction for establishing best practices. The use of virtual reality with clients has multiple layers of ethical considerations social workers must address before engaging in the use of virtual reality tools. Social work practitioners are provided with suggested guidelines for virtual reality use with clients.   
Article PDF: 202005.pdf


Year: 2017 (Vol: 20 No: 2 Page: 25)

Title: Information Communication Technology (ICT) and Social Work: Moving Social Work Education and Practice Into the 21st Century
Author(s): Ausbrooks, Travis
Abstract: As the largest group of mental health service providers, more than counselors, marriage and family therapists, psychologists, psychiatrists, and school and career counselors combined, social workers are in prime position to make a profound influence on the nation’s well-being through effective integration of technology in social work education and services. Social work programs currently use technology for pedagogical purposes (to reach students across broad geographical areas), but few if any provide instruction on information and communication technology and how to integrate it into social work practice. We have no systematic vision of what social work students need to learn about information and communication technology, or how they can integrate technology into service delivery. To address conceptual gaps we build upon the work of existing research to provide direction for using technology in social work practice.

Article PDF: 202025.pdf


Year: 2017 (Vol: 20 No: 2 Page: 36)

Title: Spiritual Neuroscience: A Review of An Emerging Field and Implications for Social Work Practice and Research

Author(s): Hodge
Abstract:  To help social work practitioners provide more effective services to clients that self-identify as spiritual or religious, this paper orients readers to the new field of spiritual neuroscience. Toward that end, the paper describes the parameters of this field, delineates the methods that serve to distinguish spiritual neuroscience, reviews seminal research, and discusses the resulting implications as they intersect social work practice and research. The findings in this emerging field shed a unique disciplinary light on the development of an empathetic stance and intervention selection, key practitioner concerns when working with spiritually motivated clients. The paper concludes by suggesting that social workers can make a significant contribution to advancing research on the relationship between spirituality and wellness by forming collaborative relationships with spiritual neuroscientists. 
Article PDF: 202036.pdf


Year: 2017 (Vol: 20 No: 2 Page: 45)

Title: Distance Education in Social Work: A Review of the Literature

Author(s): Hamilton, Brown, Rodgers
Abstract:  The growth of online technologies in higher education has presented new challenges for the field of social work education. Some have questioned whether this human interaction-dependent profession can be ethically delivered online. Technology also poses special challenges for social work education and practice in the areas of confidentiality and professional boundaries. These ethical questions have resulted in a lag for research in the area of online social work education when compared to other fields. This review of the relevant literature attempts to discover the current state of knowledge for social work education technologies. Findings indicate that barriers to human interaction and technical glitches are common concerns for educators. However, there is evidence that online social work students have statistically similar outcomes in comparison to traditional students and that technology presents new opportunities to the field if properly utilized. 
Article PDF: 202045.pdf


Year: 2017 (Vol: 20 No: 2 Page: 57)

Title: Independent Living Skills: Evaluating Youth Leaving Foster Care

Author(s): Gore, Sullivan, Reid, Irwin, & Smith
Abstract:  Youth in out-of-home care are at risk for several negative outcomes as they transition into adulthood. This quantitative study examines the basic independent living skills of 64 youth recently aged out of foster care. The data indicate that youth fared better in basic independent living skills when involved with formal foster youth organizations. Results indicate a significant difference between the scores of youth attending state or national foster care conferences and the general foster care population in all six skill areas measured.
Article PDF: 202057.pdf

Year: 2018 (Vol: 21 No: 1 Page: 3)

Title: Team Teaching via Video Conferencing: Practical Strategies for Course Design and Delivery

Author(s): Camp and Egbert
Abstract: This article provides a theoretically grounded how-to guide for collaborative design and implementation of team teaching in a distance education (IVC) context, including practical strategies for effective planning, preparation, curriculum- and technology-related issues; dynamics inherent in real-time course delivery; and incorporating a self-reflective process for ongoing evaluation and course improvement – qualitative data representing student perceptions and experiences of team taught distance education are provided, as well as ongoing efforts regarding evaluation in this area.

Article PDF: 211003.pdf



Year: 2018 (Vol: 21 No: 1 Page: 13)

Title: Fields of Practice in Post-Degree Social Work Employment

Author(s): Schmidt and Hemingway
Abstract: This research used a survey and brief telephone interviews to determine if social work practice interests changed during and after completing a MSW degree. The participants represented five years of graduates from a small School of Social Work in British Columbia, Canada. Prior to starting their MSW studies, the largest number of social workers were employed in child welfare (31%). After graduation with the MSW degree 16% were employed in child welfare while 39% were employed in mental health and addictions. Information gained from the study is useful for planning curriculum as well as continuing education programs.
Article PDF: 211013.pdf



Year: 2018 (Vol: 21 No: 1 Page: 20)

Title: Working Together: How Peer Mentors and Social Workers Can Collaborate to Serve Veterans and Military Families

Author(s): Mitchell
Article PDF: 211020.pdf



Year: 2018 (Vol: 21 No: 1 Page: 26)

Title: A Case Study for Students with Disabilities in Field Education

Author(s): Smith
Abstract: The study reviews federal legislation that guides placement of students with disabilities and the experience in placing students with disabilities in field education at a state university in Western Pennsylvania. The study provides insight into lessons learned by the BSW Field Director in placing students with disabilities in field internships and recommendations for supporting students with disabilities in field.
Article PDF: 211026.pdf



Year: 2018 (Vol: 21 No: 1 Page: 32)

Title: Growing Old: Perspectives on Retirement Issues Among Adult Vietnamese Immigrants 

Author(s): Lam and Nguyen
Abstract: This exploratory study describes the perspectives and beliefs of adult Vietnamese immigrants about retirement issues. Through intensive interviews with 20 respondents, using semi-structured open-ended questions, authors explored factors that influence retirement planning. A process model was used to explore the impact of conceptualization of retirement planning, socio-economic status and health, and knowledge of governmental assistance and other community support services on multiple pathways leading to retirement. The results of this study serve to enhance understanding of the unique needs of this population. Specifically, findings of this study supported the important role of positive attitudes towards retirement in the process of retirement planning and retirement decision. In addition, findings of this study highlighted a need to expand community education on the issues of governmental and community support services related to retirement. Finally, the results of this study raised an important issue pertaining to the role of health and socio-economic status in the level of satisfaction of the retirement planning. Clinical implications are discussed.
Article PDF: 210132.pdf



Year: 2018 (Vol: 21 No: 1 Page: 41)

Title: Cyber Social Work: Is the Profession Ready?

Author(s): Joiner
Abstract: This paper explores the readiness of social workers to engage in online service delivery and counseling as well as challenges associated with online practice. This study used a sample of 173 MSW-level respondents who participated in Social Work Continuing Education (CE) workshops related to the use of technology in direct practice. Findings were mixed regarding the use of social media to deliver mental health services to clients/consumers. However, the participants strongly agreed the Internet could be used to deliver mental health therapy effectively.
Article PDF: 211041.pdf



Year: 2018 (Vol: 21 No: 1 Page: 52)

Title: Memories: Cuban-Immigrants and their Courage, Connection, and Adaptation

Author(s): Coll, Weiss, Waddell, Martinez, & Basiru
Abstract: The purpose of this qualitative research study was to explore the narratives and articulation of experiences of Cubans who left Cuba during the Mariel Boatlift that took place between late April and late September 1980 in response to Fidel Castro’s Revolution. Electronically blogged entries were submitted in an attempt for Cuban-American emigrants to seek and share information about their experiences and help them locate the vessels that brought them to America originally (Barry and Rosenblatt, 2010).  A Miami Herald database publicized in-depth information on one of the most important events of Cuban emigration. A reporter, data analyst, and Web developer worked for months to digitize and organize little-known data about the 1980 Mariel Boatlift, published to commemorate the 30th anniversary of the vessels’ arrivals in the United States. The data sets proved to be more than mere numbers and names. Every record highlights what Cuban emigration means to each individual that is facing loss and embracing a new commitment and a story of change, conflict, and connection that shapes their values, hopes, and dreams as Cuban-Americans. Using the social work strengths perspective and empowerment that uses human strength and resiliency as a tool for helping individuals overcome personal obstacles and challenges, this study explores the process that assists troubled people to realize their full potential through the narrative analysis of 13 blogged representative entries extrapolated from 140 total entries, which included five males and seven females that responded to the 2010-2011 Mariel Boatlift database Miami Herald blog.
Article PDF: 211052.pdf



Year: 2018 (Vol: 21 No: 2 Page: 3)

Title: Meet Me at the Hub: Online Support for Social Worker Adjunct

Author(s): Kleinschmit & Cummings
Abstract: This article introduces the Adjunct Instructor Hub, an online Learning Management Site (LMS)-based approach to orient, educate, connect, and support adjunct instructors. This LMS resource was developed to address the needs of a school of social work with multiple and geographically far-flung MSW and BASW programs. This article describes the reasoning for the site's design, organization and contents, lessons learned, and plans for the future.
Article PDF: 212003.pdf



Year: 2018 (Vol: 21 No: 2 Page: 11)

Title: Direct Social Work Practice with Homeless Clients with Disabilities: Addressing Oppression Using Client-Centered, Constructivist, and Structural Approaches

Author(s): Wilson
Abstract: This paper illustrates how a social worker who works with homeless clients who have disabilities informs social work practice, indicating a constructivist model in addition to person-centered and structural approaches are required to engage in anti-oppressive social work practice. In the process, the author suggests it is important to understand that using an eclectic model positions a social worker to be flexible and continuingly adaptable to client circumstances. The discussion also explains how an eclectic model of practice aids the social worker in understanding and articulating the uniqueness of a client's story and what direct social work approaches are most helpful given the circumstances.
Article PDF: 212011.pdf



Year: 2018 (Vol: 21 No: 2 Page: 20)

Title: An Examination of Leadership in Non-Profit Organizations: Does Degree Matter?

Author(s): Desrosiers, Murphy, & Joffrion
Abstract: With core values of social justice, integrity, and cultural competence, social workers are uniquely positioned to promote the well-being of populations often served by non-profit human service organizations. This study aimed to examine whether there was a qualitative difference between non-profit leaders with a social work degree and those with a degree in some other field. Fifteen interviews were conducted with leaders of non-profit human service organizations. Results indicated that while there were some differences between social workers and non-social workers, there were also many similarities. Implications for the education and training of social workers are provided.
Article PDF: 212020.pdf



Year: 2018 (Vol: 21 No: 2 Page: 40)

Title: Establishing Integrated Healthcare with Mental and Physical Health through Appreciative Inquiry

Author(s): Sanchez & Lam
Abstract: Physical and mental health care is presently delivered in a fragmented system. While there is the availability of research regarding integration between physical and mental healthcare providers and fragmented healthcare, limited research exists on the cross-referral, communication, collaboration, and coordination processes among providers in rural communities for consumers with both physical and mental health needs. The purpose of this appreciative inquiry study was to investifate the experiences of physical and mentalh healh providers through use of semi-structured interviews to explore cross-referral, communication, collaboration, and coordination processes among these providers. This study included ten board licensed physical or mental health providers servicing residents in a rural community in New Mexico. The findings of the study suggest the importance of healthcare providers working as teammates and the simultaneous availability of physical and mental health in the process of integrated care with the development of an atmosphere which is conducive for high levels of communication, collaboration, and coordination among providers. Implications for practice and policy are discussed.
Article PDF: 212040.pdf



Year: 2018 (Vol: 21 No: 2 Page: 56)

Title: Notes from the Field: Mental Health Training in a "Crisis House". Development of Social Work Practice using Cognitive Behavioural Therapy

Author(s): Beckett
Abstract: This work reflects upon personal practice in training using Cognitive Behavioural Therapy in a mental health crisis house while looking after and being involved in aspects of social work in the lives of service users who were facing mental distress. This paper reviews my practice with one service user who had schizophrenia and relfects upong the honing of social work counseling skills and the usefulness of obtaining service user feedback for the iterative process of cyclical assess, plan, and review. This reviews my use of counseling skills through a humanistic counseling framework of unconditional positive regard in approach while using Cognitive Behavioural Therapy. The originality and value of this work is that the specific can illumine the general and has tentative, yet beneficial, implications for generalizability of the development of practice.
Article PDF: 212056.pdf



Year: 2018 (Vol: 21 No: 2 Page: 61)

Title: Notes from the Field: Continuing Education for Social Workers on Autism, Intellectual Disability, and Sexual Health

Author(s): Linton & Canales
Abstract: California passed the California Healthy Youth Act (AB 329) in 2015, which mandated that students should have medically accurate, age-appropriate comprehensive sexual education. Social workers commonly provide services for adolescents with ASD and ID, yet most report that they feel unprepared or undereducated to support people with disabilities. This study evaluated the feasibility, acceptability, and impact of an online, continuing education training of Mike's Crush, a sexual health curriculum designed for adolescents with Autism and Intellectual Disability. Self-reports of readiness to support adolescents on intimacy and sexual health improved statistically significantly among participants. 
Article PDF: 212061.pdf



Year: 2019 (Vol: 22 No: 1 Page: 3)

Title: Exploring the Professional Identity of Social Work Academics

Author(s): Lopez-Humphreys, Teater, Dawson, & Hayes
Abstract: Social work academics in the United States (US) experience tensions between the expectations for research productivity and the mandates for them to embody the behaviors and values of professional social work. With the various preferred roles and expectations placed on social work academics, it is difficult to distinguish whether their professional identity is more aligned to the practitioner, researcher, or a combination of the two. Thematic analysis was used to analyze twenty in-depth interviews with social work academics in the US to explore the importance in identifying as a social worker and holding a doctorate. Recommendations to strengthen the professional identity of social work academics are provided.

Article PDF: 221003.pdf



Year: 2019 (Vol: 22 No: 1 Page: 17)

Title: Family Strengths Improve the Well-Being of Family Members with Developmental Disabilities

Author(s): Carter, Coyle, Currie, & Cragg
Abstract: Persons with developmental disabilities (DD) and their families often cope with increased health,   economic, and social risks. Effective family coping depends upon the overall health of the family coupled with each family member’s ability to promote positive well-being for self and others. This paper will share findings from three family-centered, qualitative studies that examined the coping strategies of    parents of young children with autism, parents of adult children with DD and a co-occurring mental    illness (Dual Diagnosis) who live at home with their caregivers, and young-adult siblings of children with autism. Overall, these studies point toward five areas of family strengths which promote coping in      families who have a member with DD: a) the ability to see positive aspects of disability, b) close family relationships, c) ability to access resources, d) supportive relationships from outside of the family, and e) the ability to effectively self-advocate for essential services and to educate the public and professionals about the impact of developmental disabilities. These findings support interventions which focus on    enhancing family strengths in order to improve the well-being of persons with DD and their families and caregivers.

Article PDF: 221017.pdf


Year: 2019 (Vol: 22 No: 1 Page: 22)

Title: Historical and Contemporary Synopsis of the Development of Field Education Guidelines in BSW, MSW, and Doctoral Programs

Author(s): Roberson & Adedoyin
Abstract: Field education is undoubtedly the crosswalk between the transfer of evidence-based knowledge in the class and immersion into best practices during field placements in the social work profession. It is in recognition of the synergy that field education fosters between the class and the agencies that the Council on Social Work Education appropriately termed field education the signature pedagogy of our profession. This article provides a panoramic overview of historic and contemporary guidelines for field education in the last 58 years (1960-2018). Furthermore, we expatiated on how these guidelines have shaped field  education across the triumvirate of baccalaureate, masters, and doctoral social work education.  

Article PDF: 221022.pdf


Year: 2019 (Vol: 22 No: 1 Page: 28)

Title: Perceptions of Police in Neighborhoods Receiving Community-Oriented Policing Services: Community Survey Results from the Restore Rundberg Initiative

Author(s): Yuma, Pitzer, Castro, Addo, Whitt, & Springer
Abstract: The purpose of this survey study was to assess perceptions of police following a community policing intervention as part of a larger revitalization initiative known as Restore Rundberg. A total of 611 surveys were completed by respondents who identified as 58% Latinx, 65% female and 64% as renting their homes. Among the 408 respondents who provided home location data, results of the linear model demonstrated perceptions of police scores were significantly higher among the recipients of the intervention than the comparison group (by + 0.83; F = 6.303, p = 0.013), while controlling for race (F = 1.42, p = 0.237), age (F = 2.84, p = 0.037), homeownership (F = 2.067, p = 0.152), social control (F = 0.63, p = 0.43), and neighborhood attachment (F = 23.57, p < 0.001). The model had an R2 of 0.120, a small to medium effect size (R = 0.346). This study is the result of a community, police, and academic partnership.        

Article PDF: 221028.pdf


Year: 2019 (Vol: 22 No: 1 Page: 40)

Title: Serving Families Living in the Intersection of Military and Special Education Cultures

Author(s): Classen & Meadows
Abstract: In recent years, large separate bodies of research have developed regarding families who have children with exceptionalities or families with a military connection, but there has been little discussion regarding the intersection of these family populations. Each population has its own set of strengths and challenges, yet these populations are not exclusive of each other. It is arguable that any practitioner (e.g., social work, education) will engage with individuals from each and both populations. Many aspects of military culture and life experiences influence the family such as frequent moves, social isolation, family separation during deployments, and risk of loss. Families who have children with special education needs face challenges such as overcoming social isolation, managing medical care and specialized therapies, and advocating for specialized educational services. Military families living in the intersection of military  culture and special education culture may experience issues related to continuity of care, fear of limited career advancement, and military appointment time obligations. Authors make suggestions for social work and education professionals to partner with each other and unit leaders to a) provide continuity of care, b) change the perceptions of limited career advancement and assignments, and c) mediate mission and family conflicts.      

Article PDF: 221040.pdf


Year: 2019 (Vol: 22 No: 1 Page: 48)

Title: Social Work Integration to Prevent Adolescent Suicide

Author(s): Johnson
Abstract: Suicide is an indication of depression, which has emotional impact on all persons regardless of gender, age, or spiritual beliefs. It is an increasing global mental disorder and risk factors such as abuse, poverty, bullying, and drug use are at an all-time high. According to the World Health Organization’s (WHO) global report on suicide prevention, “every forty seconds someone dies from suicide” (World Health Organization, 2017, p. 32). In the world, “Guyana has the highest estimated suicide rate for 2012 and in the Americas, which includes Caribbean islands, Trinidad was placed fourth” (World Health Organization, 2017, p. 32). This paper aims to examine attempted suicide as it relates to a global issue and a case scenario generated from a case in Trinidad and Tobago. The controlled case study shows the effects of social work intervention. As a result, mental health workers use medicine and therapy services to treat persons who have attempted suicide.

Article PDF: 221048.pdf


Year: 2019 (Vol: 22 No: 2 Page: 3)

Title: Treating Gang-Involved Patients: Embodied Trauma & How to Heal from Life on the Street

Author(s): Henry
Abstract: People involved with gangs experience a disproportionate amount of violence and trauma which can lead to the development of mental health and substance use disorders. This paper arms social workers with knowledge and skills to assess and intervene with gang-involved patients. A review of the rates of mental health and substance use disorders within the population is provided, including a discussion of theoretical frameworks to understand how gang involvement relates to mental health and substance use disorders. Finally, a review of evidence-based practices for treating gang-involved patients is provided.

Article PDF: 222003.pdf


Year: 2019 (Vol: 22 No: 2 Page: 11)

Title: Working with Service Users in Relationship-Based Social Work: A Research Based Review of Practice and Intervention

Author(s): Beckett
Abstract: This paper is a reflective research-based analysis detailing my work with two individuals using the pseudonyms "Abigail" (a "looked after child" with bipolar disorder) and "Bailey" (an Unaccompanied Asylum-Seeking Child with dyslexia and depression). Each review analysis rests upon the Professional Capabilities Framework (PCF) that reflects my learning and demonstrates social work ethical principles and values. This work conforms to international and relevant professional ethical guidelines. All work was completed with ethical approval; permissions were granted by completion of a formal agreement and overseen by a manger or supervisor, including verbal and written/signed consent. In so doing, this work presents a rationale for professional decision-making and synthesizes relevant legislation and literature which underscore the salient points for each analysis.

Article PDF: 222011.pdf


Year: 2019 (Vol: 22 No: 2 Page: 20)

Title: Adapting Strmic-Pawl's Flower Model to Teach Sport History for Social Workers: Implications for Anti-Oppressive Social Work in Sport

Author(s): Shea, Murtha & Vancil
Abstract: The past decade has seen a rising tide of social activism in sport (Kuhn, 2015; Schmidt, 2018). From Colin Kapernick's "take a knee protest" to the more recent ruling handed down by the Court of Arbitration for Sport against mid-distance runner Caster Semenya, sport is frequently used as a proxy battleground in our ongoing cultural wars (Schmidt, 2018). While athletes have found themselves empowered to either endorse or denounce any number of social issues, many bemoan a bygone era of apolitical athletics (Kuhn, 2015; Schmidt, 2018). History, however, shows us that such an era only exists in myth, and that as far back as organized sport goes, so too does its connection to politics (Schmidt, 2018; Zirin, 2008; Dyreson, 1999). The sport history flower model, based on Strmic-Pawl's White Supremacy Flower model, can be used as a simple, effective way to teach sport history to social workers and to spark conversations about building healthier, alternative systems of sport (Strmic-Pawl, 2015).

Article PDF: 222020.pdf


Year: 2019 (Vol: 22 No: 2 Page: 25)

Title: Traditional Pedagogy Through the Lens of Technology

Author(s): Campbell, Lucio & Abel
Abstract: Arguably, innovation is critical to survival in higher education. As the students' needs shift, so too does the effort to engage students in active learning. Innovation and change bring with them excitement, opportunity, and challenges. This paper will review the literature on student engagement and offer several practical examples of innovative pedagogy that leverage digital technology to deliver classic on ground techniques. These examples provide direction for the evolving literature on distance learning with a discussion of their application, impact on higher education, and the challenges of learning in a digital age.

Article PDF: 222025.pdf


Year: 2019 (Vol: 22 No: 2 Page: 36)

Title: Technology in Practice: Implications for Social Work Educators and Programs

Author(s): Dillingham & Mitchell
Abstract: Technology is causing rapid changes in the field; it is important for social work educators and programs to continually reflect and assess to ensure they are providing current knowledge and opportunities for skill development to their students. This paper examines social work educators' responsibilities for professional development, some of the changes related to technology in the social work field, the implications of these changes for social work education, and provides recommendations for social work programs to respond to these changes.

Article PDF: 222036.pdf


Year: 2019 (Vol: 22 No: 2 Page: 43)

Title: Caregiving and Coping Challenges of Mothers with Autistic Spectrum Disorder (ASD) Children

Author(s): Johnson
Abstract: Families who have children with ASD face many caregiving and coping challenges, as the disorder is associated with disruptive antisocial behaviour. Purposive sampling was used in this qualitative research, where two schools that specifically cater to children with autism were selected. Data were collected using the Coping Health Inventory for Parents (CHIP) to measure the extent to which mothers aware of several coping strategies with the autistic child(ren). The scale comprised 45 items with 3 subscales. The findings highlight the major challenges and difficulties faced by mothers of children with Autism Spectrum Disorders (ASD). The outcomes of the research can help social workers and other practitioners to develop a deeper understanding of the experiences and challenges facing mothers of autistic children.

Article PDF: 222043.pdf


Year: 2019 (Vol: 22 No: 2 Page: 52)

Title: The Evolution of Building Community Among Faculty on Virtual and Ground Campuses

Author(s): George, Schwartz & Parga
Abstract: The use of internet technology in the delivery of social work education is a rapidly evolving phenomenon. As of 2016, over 80% of accredited Bachelor of Social Work (BSW) and Master of Social Work (MSW) programs around the United States offer some form of hybrid or online programming (Robbins, Coe Regan, Herbert Williams, Smyth, & Bogo, 2016). Faculty in some virtual education programs can live far from campus, teaching courses, hosting office hours, and attending faculty meetings through online platforms. In these types of education models, remote faculty often face unique challenges for facilitating connections with the ground campus and building community with colleagues.

Article PDF: 222052.pdf


Year: 2020 (Vol: 23 No: 1 Page: 3)

Title: Using Virtual Reality Simulations to Develop Social Work Practice Skills

Author(s): Stone, Raines & Gray
Abstract: This paper explores the increasing use of Virtual Reality (VR) simulations in education. A discussion of the recent adoption by social work educators of VR simulations is also provided. The authors next provide a description of a recent project within an undergraduate social work program in which VR simulations are used to enhance the knowledge and skills of students in an advanced social work practice class. Student reactions to the experience are discussed along with limitations of the project. Implications for future educational use and research are presented.

Article PDF: 231003.pdf


Year: 2020 (Vol: 23 No: 1 Page: 8)

Title: Notes from the Field: Promoting an Interdisciplinary Understanding of Obstacles to Success in Re-entry

Author(s): Moak, Hitchcock & Sherer
Abstract: Each year in the United States, hundreds of thousands of offenders leave institutional settings and attempt to transition into society. Social work practitioners will interact with these citizens or their families, yet few opportunities exist for social workers to explore criminal justice issues and understand barriers to successful reentry. Continued education is necessary to inform social work practice on these issues. One innovative approach is with simulation, where participants step into the role of a recently released offender. This paper focuses on the use of simulation-based learning to provide experiential learning to social work practitioners around the issue of offender reentry.

Article PDF: 231008.pdf


Year: 2020 (Vol: 23 No: 1 Page: 15)

Title: Addressing Specialization and Time to Enhance Adult Learning: Workshop Participants' Perceptions

Author(s): Alamdari, Walton & Moynihan
Abstract: Interdisciplinary workshops trained and supported supervisors and coaches to implement common assessment tools in practice across social service sectors. By applying adult learning, learning transfer, and situated learning theories, this qualitative study elicited perceptions of trainers and trainees to identify improvement training and technical assistance strategies. Ten semi-structured interviews were completed. Using thematic analysis, six themes emerged (specialization, time, engagement/interest, content, marketing, and technology). Specialized training for experienced adults helped match new knowledge and skills to practice. Addressing time constraints of busy professionals required consideration of participants' availability and training duration. Consistent with applied theories, suggestions for improvement included interactive training, small group discussions, realistic examples or vignettes, and helping participants comprehend the importance of the content. The creative use of technology, pre-training need assessment, reflexive practice, and supportive organizational factors can be helpful to advance continuing education in social service professions. Utilization of suggestions to modify workshops improved engagement and the transfer of knowledge to practice.

Article PDF: 231015.pdf


Year: 2020 (Vol: 23 No: 1 Page: 27)

Title: Notes From The Field: Culturally Adapted Research Methods for South Asian Participants

Author(s): Agha & Rai
Abstract: South Asian immigrants form one of the largest immigrant groups in the United States. However, they remain understudied despite their large presence in the country. They are often lumped with other Asians or classified under the category "other" in national studies, which leads to a limited knowledge about this group. To address this methodological challenge, a representative multi-site sample of South Asian participants must be recruited to participate in research studies so their unique issues can be studied appropriately. This paper discusses best practices and culturally responsive ways of conducting ethical research with this unique population and delineates specific recruitment, sampling, and data collection approaches with South Asian immigrants. The authors, who are experts in conducting research within the South Asian diaspora add their experiences to enhance the discussion.

Article PDF: 231027.pdf


Year: 2020 (Vol: 23 No: 1 Page: 32)

Title: A Content Analysis of Recidivism, Cost Efficacy, and Offender Success in Mental Health Court

Author(s): Giang & Lam
Abstract: Mental health court (MHC) was created with the goal of deterring dual diagnosis offenders from the cycle of incarceration and into a full faceted diversion program. There are nearly 400 mental health courts (MHCs) throughout the country. The purpose of this content analysis is to offer an in-depth and comprehensive understanding of the effectiveness of MHCs in terms of recidivism rates, cost efficacy, and factors for participant success. Social workers, attorneys, therapists, probation officers, and judges need an understanding about dual diagnosis to better implement a successful treatment plan that participants will continue to follow after completion of the program and reduce their risk of recidivism. This article is a content analysis of previously established empirical research studies. Recommendations and implications offered are based on a review of empirical research on current and former MHC participants.

Article PDF: 231032.pdf


Year: 2020 (Vol: 23 No: 1 Page: 45)

Title: The Future Needs of the Profession: An Exploratory Study from Practicing Social Workers' Point of View

Author(s): Chonody, Teater & Jensen
Abstract: Survey data were collected from 152 practitioners, which consisted of three open-ended questions inquiring about practice issues facing social workers today, anticipated changes for the field, and needed changes for social work education. Results of the content analyses revealed that current practice issues included curricula changes to better prepare students and challenging working conditions. Anticipated changes in the profession centered on technology, and realistic practice scenarios were suggested as a necessary educational shift. Implications for social work education and practice include helping students understand complexities associated with real-world experience and clinical challenges, enhancing student learning around practice modalities, and executing translational research.

Article PDF: 231045.pdf


Year: 2020 (Vol: 23 No: 1 Page: 58)

Title: Notes from the Field: Incorporating Authentic Service User Voice in Community Planning

Author(s): Dunlop & Holosko
Abstract: Service user involvement in local community planning for services has been at the forefront of government policy concern across numerous countries for three decades. However, it is an illusion that equal planning partnerships exist between local service users and providers. We describe a community practice framework for increasing authentic service user voice and participation in local community planning. We contend that social work can have a decided leadership role to play in these oft mandated local planning processes.

Article PDF: 231058.pdf


Year: 2020 (Vol: 23 No: 2 Page: 3)

Title: A Scoping Review of College Student Attitudes' Toward the Environment: Implications for Integrating Environmental Justice Education into Social Work

Author(s): Chonody, Sultzman & Baffour
Abstract: Social work is strongly committed to environmental justice, and in the US, changes to educational policy are reflective of this allegiance. No comprehensive literature review of the environmental attitudes of college students is currently available. The present study redresses this gap by undertaking a scoping review. Results (N = 25 articles) demonstrate that students are moderately concerned about the environment and report three to five pro-environmental behaviors. Environmental education is essential to the mission of social work and allied professions that address vulnerable and oppressed populations. Thus, this study can potentially inform pedagogical interventions in classroom and continuing education settings.

Article PDF: 232003.pdf


Year: 2020 (Vol: 23 No: 2 Page: 22)

Title: Social Workers as Professionals and Citizens: The Case of Governance of Neuroscientific and Neurotechnological Advancements

Author(s): Djebrouni & Wolbring
Abstract: We conducted semi-structured interviews with ten social workers to explore the role of social workers as professionals and active citizens in the discussions of the ethical, legal and social (ELS) implications of neuroadvancements and the utility of lifelong learning to learn about ELS issues of neuroadvancements. We found that participants were not involved in ELS discussions of neuroadvancements and lifelong learning was not used to learn about such implications. Social workers can enrich the ELS discussions of neuroadvancements. Education could be used as a tool to entice social workers to partake in these discussions.

Article PDF: 232022.pdf


Year: 2020 (Vol: 23 No: 2 Page: 44)

Title: Exploring a Sense of Place Among Vietnamese American Elders

Author(s): Giang & Lam
Abstract: Sense of place is the sense of belonging to an individual’s community through social, economic, and residential means. For Vietnamese American elders (VAEs) developing a sense of place did not come easy. To overcome racial, linguistic, and cultural barriers they built their ethnic enclaves and created their communities that tread the line between assimilation and embracing their heritage and culture. This study was collected from years of continuous interaction with VAEs living in an urban city with a high concentration of Vietnamese. Literature reviewed were based on Asian, South East Asian, and/or Vietnamese attachment to place and sense of place. Using autoethnography, this article explores key factors that contribute to a VAE's sense of place and what is their outlook on developing a sense of place in America. Field notes were organized in recognition of specific themes that related to attitudes towards aging, creating a sense of place, and attitudes toward death. Common topics that were analyzed were loss of functional role, loss of social role, isolation, feeling out of place and displacement, home, connections with community, understanding of services, connection with the next generation, fear, preparation, and feeling complete. Key findings are on VAEs perceptions of their sense of place.

Article PDF: 232044.pdf


Year: 2020 (Vol: 23 No: 2 Page: 55)

Title: Notes From The Field: Own Your Vote: A Novel Approach to Teach Social Workers about Voting Rights

Author(s): Cheatham, Smith, Siler, Johnson, Turner, Wilkes, Shah,Johnson, Swails & Lopaczynski
Abstract: Increasing voting access remains a central charge of social work's professional mission. To achieve this aim, social work educators must identify ways to engage students and professionals in addressing barriers to voter participation in the US. This Note from the Field describes a recently implemented active-learning series entitled Own Your Vote. By fostering community connections to further education around issues voter suppression and disenfranchisement, the Own Your Vote series serves as one example of how social workers, who are ethically bound to participate in social and political action, may engage both students and community members in promoting voting justice.

Article PDF: 232055.pdf


Year: 2020 (Vol: 23 No: 2 Page: 61)

Title: Different Patient Group Responses To Community Treatment Orders Suggest Alternative Approaches

Author(s): Segal
Abstract: Background: Community treatment orders (CTOs) help people with severe mental illness survive through potentially harmful crises posing imminent threats to health and safety by providing needed treatment when possible as a less restrictive alternative (LRA) to involuntary hospitalization. This review considers how differing patient subgroups have responded to differing CTO implementation approaches.
Methods: Ten studies among 73 quantitative CTO evaluations conducted from 1986-2020 address subgroups of CTO-assigned patients. CTO patient outcomes were evaluated for each subgroup. A study's evidence quality ranking was assessed with two systems for evaluating causal certainty of outcomes.
Results: Though recent trends have favored restricting psychiatric discretion, patients selected by psychiatrists as eligible for brief CTO assignment and assigned randomly to either brief or fixed-longer-term CTOs were no different in adverse outcomes other than in the duration of supervised time. Though emphasis has been on dangerousness to others a study excluding such patients found lesser amounts of victimization among CTO-assigned vs. non-CTO patients. Though the trend has been focused on shortening CTO-duration studies of extended six-month CTO assignment found that such patients experienced reduced inpatient days. Though emphasis has been on using CTOs with patients who have repeatedly failed in voluntary community care, studies of early intervention CTO use yielded positive results. Finally, CTO diversion has received limited use but when used had positive outcomes. Average evidence rankings for all subgroup study areas were 3.58 of 5 with 1 being the best rank.
Conclusions: These studies, while low in evidence ranking, suggest alternative approaches may improve CTO-use outcomes for different patient subgroups.

Article PDF: 232061.pdf


Year: 2021 (Vol: 24 No: 1 Page: 3)

Title: The Peer-to-Peer Approach Works: Promoting and Understanding Unique Cultures of Volunteering in Russian and American Youth Social Services

Author(s): Carpenter, Bogolyubova, & Mitrofanenko
Abstract: Two U.S.-Russia projects provide insight into peer-to-peer volunteer professional development and reveal distinct patterns of volunteering in each society. Data gathered through surveys and participatory observations reveal peer-to-peer approaches can succeed across different cultures when team-building activities are part of the programming; peer-to-peer approaches can be effective research tools into cross-cultural differences in volunteering; and, in Russia, volunteering is an organized social movement, is central to volunteers' identities, and is long term with a single organization, whereas in the U.S., volunteering is individualistic, is often a steppingstone rather than central to volunteers' identity, and is shorter-term with several organizations.

Article PDF: 241003.pdf


Year: 2021 (Vol: 24 No: 1 Page: 15)

Title: Implementing Trauma-Responsive Screening and Assessment: Lessons Learned from a Statewide Demonstration Study in Child Welfare

Author(s): Winters, Collins-Camargo, & Antle
Abstract: Research has demonstrated children entering out-of-home care have trauma exposure and behavioral health needs. As a part of a trauma-informed system, the literature recommends universal screening and functional assessment; however, child welfare and behavioral health agencies struggle with timely identification and response to these needs. Implementation of large practice change initiatives involving collaboration within these agencies can be challenging. This paper reports on themes identified through analysis of focus group data regarding the implementation of such an initiative. Results are presented in the categories of worker perceived value, training, support, screening, and assessment practice. Lessons learned are discussed.

Article PDF: 241015.pdf


Year: 2021 (Vol: 24 No: 1 Page: 29)

Title: A Social Work Distance Educator Community of Practice: Description, Outcomes, and Future

Author(s): Wilkerson & McCarthy
Abstract: The growth of social work distance education has increased the need for teaching faculty to develop as effective online instructors. We researched how faculty made use of an online practice community during a semester teaching in an online MSW program. Community of practice theory guided the development of a persistent community space for mentoring, support, and pedagogy building using moderated asynchronous discussion forums. Qualitative analysis provided a description of how faculty made use of the community, their needs for professional development, and the importance of peer support. Discussion considered motivation and the use of community for all faculty ranks.

Article PDF: 241029.pdf


Year: 2021 (Vol: 24 No: 1 Page: 40)

Title: Equipping Students for Practice: A Systematic Review of Standardized and Simulated Learning in Social Work Education

Author(s): Carter, Wright, Levitz, Hind, Bond, Boetang, & Ambrose-Miller
Abstract: Role plays and simulated client activities have been common in social work education for many years, though the practice of using standardized clients for assessment has emerged more recently (Logie, Bogo, Regehr, & Regehr, 2013). Considered to be an enriching practice, the use of standardized clients gives student counselors opportunities not only to build and apply skills in a controlled environment but to receive objective feedback on performance (Clarke, Binkley & Andrews, 2017). This literature review explores how the inclusion of standardized clients in education supports curriculum development. The authors focus on the social work discipline and include findings from alternative disciplines such as medicine, behavioural sciences, and drama. Preparation with actors playing the role of standardized clients is presented as vital to practice with an exploration of various frameworks in the evaluation of student competencies. A synthesized breakdown of simulation models, standardized client methodologies, evaluation tools and measurements, and qualitative, theoretical analyses offer suggestions for further directions and educational implications.

Article PDF: 241040.pdf


Year: 2021 (Vol: 24 No: 1 Page: 56)

Title: Notes from the Field: Engaging and Treating Low-Income Mothers for Postpartum Depression

Author(s): Sampson
Abstract: The prevalence of postpartum depression (PPD) among low-income populations is nearly twice as high as it is among the general population. This brief article provides prevalence and predictors of PPD while also highlighting reasons for low treatment engagement. The author describes a brief, home visiting intervention (that could be delivered via video conferencing if needed) and provides some lessons learned. The article concludes with a call to action for social workers to be aware of higher rates of PPD but less likelihood to get treatment among low-income mothers. Recommendation for heightened awareness of PPD risk during COVID is also made.

Article PDF: 241056.pdf


Year: 2021 (Vol: 24 No: 1 Page: 63)

Title: Assessing the Value of Immersion as a Continuing Education Modality in the Field of Social Work

Author(s): Loya & Smith
Abstract: This article describes a continuing education program that included international travel to Costa Rica, staying with host families, visiting social services agencies, and learning about culture and context. An overview of the theoretical framework will be provided, including lifelong learning, transformative learning, cultural humility, global mindedness and intercultural competence. The mixed-methods study was based on the AAC&U Rubrics of Intercultural Knowledge, Foundations and Skills for Lifelong Learning, and Global Learning, which are also described. Finally, the results of the survey, a discussion of the findings, and limitations are presented. Suggestions for future CE programs will be offered.

Article PDF: 241063.pdf


Year: 2021 (Vol: 24 No: 2 Page: 3)

Title: Disability in Schools of Social Work in Australia: Moving Beyond Existing Theories and Practices

Author(s): Carter, Hanes and MacDonald
Abstract: The authors explore inclusion, accessibility, and curriculum development in Australian schools of social work with a particular focus on deconstructing the neoliberal gaze into policy formation and its related practices. The research presents findings from 26 accredited Australian schools of social work where, similar to other Western countries, disability policy and practices have relied heavily upon the medical model in which expert knowledge belongs to the medical professional, not the person living with the disability. Shifting this discourse to a critical disability perspective is considered paramount to moving toward inclusive practices. Findings pertaining to the following topics are explored: disability related course content, social work activism and social justice for and with people with disabilities, dominant theories of disability being promoted in schools of social work, field placement issues, accessibility of schools of social work, and availability of field placements for students with disabilities. The authors aim to shift the dominant discourse supported by the medical model to a critical disability perspective, which includes centering the lived experiences of disabled persons; continuing the dialogue about disability inclusion in schools of social work at the international level; addressing issues of accessibility, inclusion, supports and services for students and faculty with disabilities; and ensuring that disability and people with disabilities remain a core focus of social work education, training, and research in schools of social work around the globe.

Article PDF: 242003.pdf


Year: 2021 (Vol: 24 No: 2 Page: 17)

Title: An Interdisciplinary Approach to Preparing Social Work and Nurse Practitioners to Utilize SBIRT

Author(s): Sullivan, Cappiccie, ,Garrett-Wright, Desrosiers, Harper, Smith, Edgerton, and Cooper
Abstract: An interprofessional training on using Screening, Brief Intervention, and Referral to Treatment (SBIRT) was implemented in a cohort of undergraduate and graduate nursing and social work students. This article focuses on one southeastern university that partnered with a SAMHSA grant recipient to provide training in SBIRT. The evaluation results indicated that all groups had a gain in knowledge post training and that the social work students were less confident in their skills than the nursing students and did not feel as adequate in the role of assessing client substance abuse. Implications for practice and suggested next steps for practice are provided.

Article PDF: 242017.pdf


Year: 2021 (Vol: 24 No: 2 Page: 26)

Title: Providing Mental Health Services for the Formerly Homeless During COVID-19: An Autoethnographic Study

Author(s): Lam and Giang
Abstract: COVID-19 has led to a global pandemic that affects many industries and population. Homeless individuals are adversely affected by COVID-19 and are subject to higher risk of infection and serious symptoms. COVID-19 exposed many gaps in treatment for formerly homeless individuals (FHIs) who currently reside in permanent supportive housing (PSH). This autoethnographic report seeks to analyze the gaps in services for agencies that serve FHI from the perspectives of both the mental health specialist (MSH) and the FHI. MSHs can include social workers, nurses, and case managers. Due to COVID-19 being highly infectious and potentially fatal to older people and others with preexisting health conditions, agencies were forced to implement safety protocols such as social distancing and shelter in place. Researchers documented the new protocols implemented by agencies to abide by shelter in place and social distancing guidelines to protect the community and the agencies' employees. Researchers analyzed the common themes that emerged from MHS while serving FHI in PSH while working under shelter in place.

Article PDF: 242026.pdf


Year: 2021 (Vol: 24 No: 2 Page: 36)

Title: Making the Campus Part of the Mission:Training Faculty and Staff to Support Student Veteran Success

Author(s): Selber, Benn and Chavkin
Abstract: Since the passage of the Post 9/11 G.I. Bill in 2008, the overall enrollment in college by student veterans has steadily increased, with taxpayers paying more than $75 billion in educational benefits to over 2.1 million beneficiaries as of 2017 (Institute for Veterans and Military Families, 2017). The number of veterans in four-year and two-year community colleges continues to rise as this generation of veterans accesses their hard-fought-for educational benefits. As in World War II, when troops transitioned back and changed the face of educational institutions, this generation of veterans is also entering institutions of higher education in record numbers. Fueled over a decade by various factors such as changing job markets, drawdowns in Iraq and Afghanistan, and a generous package of educational benefits, this enrollment will likely continue to rise in the near future.

Article PDF: 242036.pdf


Year: 2021 (Vol: 24 No: 2 Page: 47)

Title: Stereotype Threat: An Introduction and Case for Discussion in Social Work Education

Author(s): Garcia
Abstract: This article provides a description of the phenomenon of stereotype threat. The term is defined and supported with situational case examples. Research on this subject is briefly reviewed and attempts to explain the impact of stereotype threat when experienced by People of Color (POC). This article outlines specific areas of stereotype threat research that are of particular concern to social worker education and practice. Theoretical frameworks that outline responses to stereotype threat are also presented. Two fictional case studies are offered as material to engage social work students in discussion about stereotype threat and implications for practice. Case study discussion questions, which align with the Social Work Competencies outlined by the Council on Social Work Education (CSWE), are also provided to prompt exploration and discussion among social work students.

Article PDF: 242047.pdf


Year: 2022 (Vol: 25 No: 1 Page: 3)

Title: Introduction by our Special Editors

Author(s): Borah and Dondanville
Abstract: The COVID-19 pandemic changed everything about our lives, including how we work, how we learn, and how we teach and train. We were all forced to rapidly alter our pedagogical approaches, adapting or making wholesale changes to teach in online and virtual formats. We created new spaces for classrooms overnight while learners also adjusted and learned how to learn in new ways. Although virtual education is not new and we have regularly benefited from webinars, online trainings, and telehealth, the pandemic made virtual learning and teaching the only viable, safe approach during 2020-21. This immediate, required shift forced us all to innovate and rise to the challenge, as we know necessity drives invention. Through this work we have learned so much and found new ways that we can apply, when beneficial, to a post-pandemic world. The authors in this two-part special issue have shared their experiences with us so that we do not forget the immense effort and reward that has come from this unique, shared challenge to our work.

Article PDF: 251003.pdf


Year: 2022 (Vol: 25 No: 1 Page: 4)

Title: Social Work Academia and COVID-19: The Great Equalizer

Author(s): Parga, Schwartz and Reyes
Abstract: There was an established virtual community of educators with a refined online pedagogy and established collaborations addressing campus-based inclusion concerns when COVID-19 stay- at-home orders required all faculty to pivot to remote instruction midway through the spring 2020 semester. To examine the experiences of existing social work faculty teaching online and faculty who transitioned online during this unprecedented time, 26 semi structured interviews were conducted; 18 of whom were faculty online by choice for at least one year prior to March 2020 and eight faculty who transitioned online as a consequence of COVID-19. Thematic analysis illuminated concerns that transcend how and when participants began teaching remotely. For example, most participants expressed desire for community and reflected upon existing faculty silos between online and campus-based faculty. The findings examine the role that school leadership can play in addressing faculty silos and work towards building inclusive, hybrid campus cultures in the future.

Article PDF: 251004.pdf


Year: 2022 (Vol: 25 No: 1 Page: 17)

Title: Notes from the Field: The COVID Cohort: Social Work Students' Perspectives of Virtual Learning During the 2020 Pandemic

Author(s): Fitzpatrick, Jauer and Scallon
Abstract: This paper will explore some of the challenges and benefits to postsecondary online learning during COVID-19 from the perspective of current social work students. Research related to online learning in synchronous and asynchronous formats is discussed, as well as the personal experiences and observations of undergraduate and graduate students at schools of social work in two universities. Topics include accessibility related to disability, race, socioeconomic status, and geographical factors. Recommendations for faculty teaching future online cohorts are made related to the structure and policies often present in synchronous and asynchronous online classes.

Article PDF: 251017.pdf


Year: 2022 (Vol: 25 No: 1 Page: 27)

Title: Building Institutional Capacity for Field Education During COVID-19: Implementing an Evidence Informed Response to the Public Health Crisis

Author(s): Caliboso-Soto, Hu, Hsiao, Cox, and Supranovich
Abstract: In response to the COVID-19 pandemic, a school of social work swiftly developed an evidenced informed response that provided a quality training program for Master of Social Work (MSW) students. Using a human centered design (HCD) framework, the field department expanded an existing tele-behavioral health teaching clinic housed within the school. Field faculty adapted the training and service delivery modality to successfully accommodate MSW students displaced from their internship and respond to community mental health needs.

Article PDF: 251027.pdf


Year: 2022 (Vol: 25 No: 1 Page: 34)

Title: Expanding Student Learning During COVID-19 in a Virtual Environment

Author(s): Singh, Doyle, Wobbe-Veit, and Caliboso-Soto
Abstract: During the COVID-19 pandemic social work educators strategized so that students could complete field requirements safely, successfully, and on time while adhering to the mission of the profession. A large, national school of social work in the US adapted their field education programming to meet the requirements set forth by the Council on Social Work Education. These programs evolved with limited time using asynchronous and synchronous delivery methods. In the spirit of the Social Work Grand Challenge of “harnessing technology for social good,” this field note details how one school leveraged its virtual capacity to respond to the COVID-19 pandemic.

Article PDF: 251034.pdf


Year: 2022 (Vol: 25 No: 1 Page: 39)

Title: Social Work Education: Exploring a Virtual Sense of Place During a Pandemic

Author(s): Gallup and Giang
Abstract: Sense of place (SOP) postulates that individuals develop bonds and connections with their physical environment. Higher education students develop an SOP with their peers, professors, classrooms, and campus. However, in response to the COVID-19 pandemic, in-person classes have been replaced with remote learning. Faculty and students have been forced to adapt to online instruction by implementing video conferences and email. Adapting to their changing environment and creating a new comfortable SOP can be a challenge given that remote learning requires the utilization of technology. Equally important with technology is the sense of community and humanism that faculty must create to make remote learning fruitful. The COVID-19 pandemic required faculty to create an SOP that can be developed and adjusted during times of crisis and virtual learning. While the faculty focused on maintaining connections in the virtual classroom, students used technology to create social networks. Online learning requires a place for community and socialization to ensure student attachments and values are supported to maintain motivation and feelings of self-efficacy. Creating a classroom SOP requires faculty to use symbolism to reflect the outside world and keep students immersed in the digital environment. The COVID-19 pandemic offers faculty time to better understand SOP in higher education and how it can enhance learning for students.

Article PDF: 251039.pdf


Year: 2022 (Vol: 25 No: 2 Page: 3)

Title: A New (Virtual) Reality: Lessons Learned from Hosting a Virtual Academic Conference During a Global Pandemic

Author(s): Borah and Platz
Abstract: In early March 2020, new information about the imminent threat of the COVID-19 pandemic led to the cancellation of many large events in the US. As our 2-day in-person Military Social Work & Behavioral Health Conference was scheduled for April 2020, we recognized the need to either cancel or reschedule. With support from our planning committee, speakers, and sponsors, we rapidly shifted to an online format for the conference and faced a new challenge experienced by many other conferences facing the same dire situation. This paper offers our lessons learned from this experience, shares conference evaluation results related to participant engagement in a virtual conference, and offers a comparison of the benefits and drawbacks of virtual and in-person conferences.

Article PDF: 252003.pdf


Year: 2022 (Vol: 25 No: 2 Page: 13)

Title: In-person vs Synchronous Virtual Provider Workshops for Evidence-Based Therapies for Posttraumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD)

Author(s): Pruiksma, Blankenship, Choi, Yoo, Wolfe, Fina, and Dondanville
Abstract: In response to the novel coronavirus (COVID-19), many mental health provider trainings for evidence-based therapies (EBTs) shifted to virtual rather than in-person formats. The purpose of this paper is to compare workshops in EBTs for posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) that were formerly conducted in person to workshops conducted virtually during the pandemic. Providers reported similar ratings for learning objective achievements between in-person and virtual trainings. Providers and trainers reported facilitators and barriers to learning in virtual training and provided recommendations for virtual trainings. Both provider participants and trainers identified a loss of networking opportunities as the primary drawback of virtual training.

Article PDF: 252013.pdf


Year: 2022 (Vol: 25 No: 2 Page: 27)

Title: The Big Pivot: Moving a Continuing Education Program Online

Author(s): Behan and Sharpe
Abstract: In 2020, the rapid onset of the COVID-19 pandemic made the delivery of in-person social work continuing education impossible, suddenly leaving online training as the only viable and safe alternative. This article describes the experience of a large continuing education program, based at a school of social work, and its transition to deliver synchronous webinars for the first time. This process included cancelling 200 previously scheduled in person programs and rapidly moving to online synchronous webinars. It also led to a shift in staff roles and responsibilities and the recognition of the value of virtual mutual support among the team. Some of the key lessons learned during this transition include building staff and trainer webinar literacy, troubleshooting and navigating online platforms, development of best practice skills for online training, and evaluation of synchronous webinars.

Article PDF: 252027.pdf


Year: 2022 (Vol: 25 No: 2 Page: 32)

Title: Notes from the Field: Responsive Continuing Education: Using a Virtual Platform to Address SUDs in the Context of the COVID-19 Pandemic

Author(s): Collin, Putney, Halmo, Caputo, Alves, McNally, and Cadet
Abstract: Individuals with substance use disorders are at an increased risk for developing and suffering worse outcomes from the coronavirus disease. Increasing access to innovative substance use treatment that considers the changes to behavioral health services caused by COVID-19 is critical. This paper describes one university's virtual training series on innovative responses to the changing clinical and access needs in the field of SUD care for social workers and other behavioral health professionals. Training satisfaction and considerations for virtual training implementation are discussed.

Article PDF: 252032.pdf


Year: 2022 (Vol: 25 No: 2 Page: 38)

Title: Pandemic Peer Support: Adaptations to the Veteran Spouse Resiliency Group Program

Author(s): O'Brien and Schwarz
Abstract: The Veteran Spouse Resiliency Group (V-SRG) Program was designed to create supportive communities for veteran spouses through peer support groups. Prior to the COVID-19 pandemic, groups were offered in person with a few virtual groups, and peer leader trainings were conducted exclusively in person. With the emergence of the pandemic, the program pivoted to an entirely virtual platform, resulting in lower recruitment and participation, technological challenges, privacy and safety concerns, and the need for new training and evaluation methods. This paper provides an overview of the program, details programmatic shifts made during the pandemic, and describes challenges and lessons learned.

Article PDF: 252038.pdf


Year: 2022 (Vol: 25 No: 2 Page: 44)

Title: Notes from the Field: Mental Health Trainees and Families Adapt to Virtual Platforms for Sibling Support During COVID-19

Author(s): Haines, Newman and Rubin
Abstract: Before COVID-19, the Sibling Support Program: A Family-Centered Mental Health Initiative (SSP) provided a training opportunity for mental health trainees to facilitate support groups for siblings of youth with psychiatric needs with the goal of reducing trauma and building resiliency among siblings. As part of the SSP, caregivers also joined psychoeducational groups led by parent mentors with the goal of increasing parental competency and confidence. The SSP groups were offered in-person for these family members at partnering hospitals and clinics in Massachusetts.

Article PDF: 252044.pdf


Year: 2022 (Vol: 25 No: 2 Page: 50)

Title: From Face-to-Face to Virtual Instruction: Developing Competencies to Administer a Standardized Assessment During COVID-19

Author(s): Maharaj and Nygren
Abstract: The public health response to the COVID-19 pandemic necessitated that face-to-face (F2F) teaching and learning strategies be adapted to the virtual environment. This article describes a 7-step method successfully used to rapidly adapt an established and valid 4- to 6-week F2F training program into a 10-week virtual format for prospective SIS-A assessors to develop assessment competencies. Strategies used to validate the adapted curriculum, instructional materials, instructional strategies, and guidance materials are discussed, as are the perspectives of the inaugural virtual training cohort. The evidence for and implications of greater adoption of technology in social work teaching, learning, and practice are considered.

Article PDF: 252050.pdf


Year: 2023 (Vol: 26 No: 1 Page: 3)

Title: Factors Affecting Psychological Distress among Korean Immigrants in the United States

Author(s): Moon, Han and Kim
Abstract: Prior research has confirmed that multiple factors affect individual's psychological distress. However, there is little research specifically on Korean Americans. Therefore, the purpose of this study was to examine differences in psychological distress between Korean immigrants and other racial or ethnic groups and investigate which factors contribute to psychological distress among Korean immigrants. In the 2018 California Health Interview Survey, 191 Korean immigrants participated, among the greater total of racial or ethnic groups (N = 21,177). The data were analyzed using descriptive and inferential statistics, including independent t tests, Pearson's correlation, and hierarchical regression analyses. The findings indicated that Korean immigrants experience higher psychological distress than other racial or ethnic groups, including White, African American, Latino, other Asians, and other races in the United States. Particularly, the difference between Korean immigrants and all other Asians in the study group are significant (t = 2.1, p = .039). Perceived health, social and emotional support, and a safe neighborhood were found to be the contributing factors to psychological distress (F(17, 63) = 2.64, p = .0028). The result indicated that mental health professionals need to be aware of distinct factors that may have an influence on the mental health of Korean immigrants, including language barriers, the social and emotional support that they receive, health status, and their perception of safety.

Article PDF: 261003.pdf


Year: 2023 (Vol: 26 No: 1 Page: 19)

Title: Challenges Facing Student Veterans at Postsecondary Institutions and Interventions for Winning the Academic Battle

Author(s): Selber and Schaffer
Abstract: College enrollment has increased since the passage of the Post 9/11 G.I. Bill and has resulted in a record number of veterans using this important benefit. Overall enrollment in higher education increased by about 3% as over 2.1 million beneficiaries accessed their earned benefits as more than $75 billion in educational benefits were used as of 2017. (Institute for Veterans and Military Families [IVMF], 2017). The number of veterans entering higher education has continued to rise as the Next Greatest Generation of veterans accesses hard-fought-for educational benefits. They bring with them a generous new GI Bill, an uncommon degree of maturity, and the type of real-world experience that can provide insight and depth to a classroom setting. Unfortunately, too many of these same veterans are still finding academic success difficult to obtain. In the closing months of 2012, a report emerged claiming 88% of student veterans were dropping out within their first academic year and only 3% were actually graduating (Sander, 2012), leading some to question the value of the economic investment being made on veterans. The veracity of this figure was immediately questioned by veteran organizations, noting that the figure came from a mistaken interpretation of a report pertaining to a single state (Shane, 2013). However, the uncomfortable question had nevertheless been raised: Are student veterans graduating from postsecondary institutions at a disproportionately low rate?

Article PDF: 261019.pdf


Year: 2023 (Vol: 26 No: 1 Page: 29)

Title: Assessing Writing Skills of MSW Applicants: Implications for Admission Decisions

Author(s): Bolin, Glenmaye and Munoz-Vargas
Abstract: This study explores the objective assessment of applicant personal statements often used as part of master of social work (MSW) admission requirements. Eight hundred and eighteen admission applications are explored using the writing analysis tools in Microsoft Word. The research asked, "Can personal statements be a meaningful part of the MSW admissions decision process?" Variations in advanced and regular standing, acceptance status, references, and social services experience are explored in relation to subjective scores on personal statements for admission to a MSW program. The implications of developing and using objective standards for admissions decisions is discussed.

Article PDF: 261029.pdf


Year: 2023 (Vol: 26 No: 1 Page: 40)

Title: The Survey of Employee Engagement: The History and the Future

Author(s): Lauderdale
Abstract: The history and nature of formal organizations are based in antiquity, with significant contributions from military organizations. The earliest cited example of small team groups was the organization of 8- to 10-person groups of shield- and sword-bearing soldiers in the Greek city-state of Sparta. The men trained and fought together as a team, in contrast to other military units of the time that would simply run or ride into battle in large, unorganized mobs. The classic battle of 300 Spartans fighting a large army from Persia is frequently cited in organizational history as an example of the advantage of disciplined, small groups.

Article PDF: 261040.pdf


Year: 2023 (Vol: 26 No: 1 Page: 46)

Title: Authentic Learning: How a Community and University Partnership Codeveloped an Advanced Trauma-Informed Framework for Educating Graduate Social Work Students

Author(s): Cammaert and Dupre
Abstract: Social workers frequently encounter individuals who have experienced trauma in settings such as child welfare, addictions, and mental health (Knight, 2015). The literature suggests that social workers in these practice contexts often feel ill-equipped to work with these service users, potentially resulting in poor health and treatment outcomes (Knight, 2015). Social work education has a responsibility to provide trauma-informed knowledge and skills to students while continually assessing the needs of the local community. This article outlines how a community and university partnership developed an innovative experiential and authentic course assignment for MSW students to learn more about trauma-informed practice from a critical perspective.

Article PDF: 261046.pdf


Year: 2023 (Vol: 26 No: 1 Page: 55)

Title: License Attainment Based on Degree Modality: Distance Education vs. Campus Based-MSW Options

Author(s): Stotzer, Arndt and Kreif
Abstract: Little is known about the professional careers of social workers who graduated from distance education (DE)-delivered programs, particularly those in rural and remote areas. This brief study examined graduates of a traditional campus-based (CB) MSW program and a DE-delivered MSW program from the same university, comparing overall rates of licensure attainment and time from graduation to licensure. Results suggest that graduates of DE programs in rural areas attain licenses at similar rates as CB graduates, but opt to pursue clinical licensure at higher rates than CB students.

Article PDF: 261055.pdf


Year: 2023 (Vol: 26 No: 2 Page: 4)

Title: Teaching Empathy for Patients with Chronic Kidney Disease through Reading, Listening, and an Embodied Visualization: A Pilot Study

Author(s): Linton and Wardian
Abstract: Research on teaching empathy in continuing education in social work is minimal. There are three dimensions of empathy: objective, subjective, and interpersonal (Clark, 2004, 2010). This study aimed to assess the impact of a three-part intervention to increase empathy for social workers supporting chronic kidney disease. The lesson was tested with a sample of interdisciplinary undergraduate students (N = 34) at a Hispanic Serving Institution. The study found that students’ reported empathy significantly increased after each teaching method (F = 29.53, p < 0.001). It takes time and exposure over time to develop empathy.

Article PDF: 262004.pdf


Year: 2023 (Vol: 26 No: 2 Page: 14)

Title: Ethical Implications and Practice Challenges for Bilingual Social Workers

Author(s):  Arriaza, Arroyo, and Arroyo
Abstract: Identifying and determining the language competence of bilingual social workers and other medical providers has not been a priority among medical systems, both in the United States (USA) and globally (Jih et al., 2015; Quan, 2010; Rubin, 2016). This manuscript and literature review will focus on bilingual social workers in the United States, their challenges in meeting the needs of clients with limited English proficiency, and emerging themes of language competency and ethical service delivery. 

Article PDF: 262014.pdf


Year: 2023 (Vol: 26 No: 2 Page: 27)

Title: Closing the gap: Addressing the climate crisis through Social Work Continuing Education

Author(s):  Smith and Rawcliffe
Abstract: Climate instability threatens the loss of social justice and equality gains over the past half-century, making it a universal problem facing social workers today. This paper highlights a university-based social work continuing education program and an ecological justice organization partnership, focusing on the generation of group planning, process, and outcomes, with the overarching goal of mobilizing groups of social workers with the professional capacity and knowledge to summon resources for replicable and transformative ecological change.

Article PDF: 262027.pdf


Year: 2023 (Vol: 26 No: 2 Page: 37)

Title: Initial Assessment of Integrating Service-Learning in Field Education

Author(s): Roberson, Bissell and Baker
Abstract: Service-learning pedagogy and social work field education share a belief in the efficacy of learning when engaged with community partners. However, they have traditionally been recognized as separate pedagogical practices, arguing the two are incompatible. Such conclusions may be premature. The authors integrated elements of service-learning into the first year of a concurrent MSW field education program, followed by focus groups to evaluate student and field instructor experiences. Findings indicate that integrating service-learning into the field education model can leverage the best of both pedagogies, leading to enhanced outcomes. Recommendations for field education programs are included.

Article PDF: 262037.pdf


Year: 2023 (Vol: 26 No: 2 Page: 44)

Title: Promoting socially just community-based mental health services through Police Social Work: An interdisciplinary collaborative university model

Author(s): Hawkins, Selber, Morley and Vaughan
Abstract: Police Social Work (PSW) is a reform approach to community-based practice to divert mental health and related nonviolent behavioral crises from arrest or further involvement with law enforcement. First, this article provides an overview of the PSW approach, including a brief history, current models, and practice considerations, including issues of racial and mental health equities. Second, it describes a Social Work and criminal justice collaborative PSW project initiated in June 2020 at a large Texas public university. The project engages the university and community through targeted
activities to promote systemic change by integrating education, practice/policy, and research. The objectives are to enhance social justice through evidence-based, community-oriented policing to serve vulnerable populations effectively, safely, and humanely.

Article PDF: 262044.pdf


Year: 2023 (Vol: 26 No: 2 Page: 57)

Title: Highlighting the need for creating online pedagogy in meeting the needs of social work students through twelve-week integration seminars

Author(s):  Carter, Wright, Beltrano, Wade and Hartleib
Abstract: Online pedagogy in social work education that promotes integration of theory and practice requires better understanding. Allowing for accessibility in practicum placements in home communities, a social work program transformed biweekly, full day seminars into a two-hour weekly online curriculum. The redesign of course delivery highlights benefits and challenges, supported by student feedback. Eliminating the need for students to return to the university from their home addresses or practicum sites demonstrated the achievement of efficient course delivery as well as quality education. The authors highlight the need for transformation in pedagogy by ensuring accessibility in learning through scholarly inquiry and communication.

Article PDF: 262057.pdf